Navigation Links
Can dogs smell cancer?

In a society where lung and breast cancers are leading causes of cancer death worldwide, early detection of the disease is highly desirable. In a new scientific study, researchers present astonishing new evidence that man's best friend, the dog, may have the capacity to contribute to the process of early cancer detection.

In this study which will be published in the March 2006 issue of the journal Integrative Cancer Therapies published by SAGE Publications, researchers reveal scientific evidence that a dog's extraordinary scenting ability can distinguish people with both early and late stage lung and breast cancers from healthy controls. The research, which was performed in California, was recently documented by the BBC in the United Kingdom, and is soon to be aired in the United States.

Other scientific studies have documented the abilities of dogs to identify chemicals that are diluted as low as parts per trillion. The clinical implications of canine olfaction first came to light in the case report of a dog alerting its owner to the presence of a melanoma by constantly sniffing the skin lesion. Subsequent studies published in major medical journals confirmed the ability of trained dogs to detect both melanomas and bladder cancers. The new study, led by Michael McCulloch of the Pine Street Foundation in San Anselmo, California, and Tadeusz Jezierski of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Genetics and Animal Breeding, is the first to test whether dogs can detect cancers only by sniffing the exhaled breath of cancer patients.

In this study, five household dogs were trained within a short 3-week period to detect lung or breast cancer by sniffing the breath of cancer participants. The trial itself was comprised of 86 cancer patients (55 with lung cancer and 31 with breast cancer) and a control sample of 83 healthy patients. All cancer patients had recently been diagnosed with cancer through biopsy-confirmed conventional methods such as a mammogram, or CAT scan and had not yet undergone any chemotherapy treatment. During the study, the dogs were presented with breath samples from the cancer patients and the controls, captured in a special tube. Dogs were trained to give a positive identification of a cancer patient by sitting or lying down directly in front of a test station containing a cancer patient sample, while ignoring control samples. Standard, humane methods of dog training employing food rewards and a clicker, as well as assessment of the dog's behavior by observers blinded to the identity of the cancer patient and control samples, were used in the experiment.

The results of the study showed that dogs can detect breast and lung cancer with sensitivity and specificity between 88% and 97%. The high accuracy persisted even after results were adjusted to take into account whether the lung cancer patients were currently smokers. Moreover, the study also confirmed that the trained dogs could even detect the early stages of lung cancer, as well as early breast cancer. The researchers concluded that breath analysis has the potential to provide a substantial reduction in the uncertainty currently seen in cancer diagnosis, once further work has been carried out to standardize and expand this methodology.


'"/>

Source:SAGE Publications


Related biology news :

1. Love at first smell
2. Bacteria feed on smelly breath (and feet)
3. Fighting malaria by manipulating mosquitoes sense of smell
4. New study examines how sense of smell affects mating and aggression in mice
5. Worms know bad food when they smell it
6. Duck-billed dino crests not linked to sense of smell
7. Neuroscientists discover new cell type that may help brain maintain memories of smells
8. Researchers show how brain decodes complex smells
9. Quick -- what’s that smell?
10. Contrary to common wisdom, scientist discovers some mammals can smell objects under water
11. When smell cells fail they call in stem cell reserves
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/15/2017)... LLC , a medical device company focused on improving the safety ... ISO 13485 Certification, the global standard for medical device quality management ... ... for the early detection of IV infiltrations. ... "This is an important milestone for ivWatch, as it validates our ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... Italy , May 23, 2017  Hunova, the first robotic gym ... trunk, has been officially launched in Genoa, Italy . ... Europe and the USA . The technology ... on the market by the IIT spin-off Movendo Technology thanks to a ... the Multimedia News Release, please click: ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... New York , April 19, 2017 ... competitive, as its vendor landscape is marked by the ... the market is however held by five major players ... Safran. Together these companies accounted for nearly 61% of ... of the leading companies in the global military biometrics ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:9/14/2017)... ... , ... AIM Global, the worldwide standards agency for AIDC and barcode technology ... Study Competition for AIDC. The award is given to those in the industry ... adoption of automated data collection systems further. The TRACTUS platform, by Matrix, is ...
(Date:9/13/2017)... MA (PRWEB) , ... September 13, 2017 , ... ... panel and networking event on Thursday, September 21st from 6 to 8:30pm ... the topic of “Proactive Patient Enrollment Strategies for Clinical Operations Professionals.” From tracking enrollment ...
(Date:9/12/2017)... NC (PRWEB) , ... September ... ... Inc. ( http://www.globalspecimensolutions.com ) has announced the release of their latest product ... workflows and storage requirements. LabCODE™ offers pre-built capabilities for Biobanking, Pharmacokinetics, ...
(Date:9/12/2017)... ... September 12, 2017 , ... ... pleased to announce that Jeremy Nicholson, Head of the Department of Surgery and ... deliver the 2018 Wallace H. Coulter Lecture. His presentation, “Analytical Science in ...
Breaking Biology Technology: