Navigation Links
Bubbles go high-tech to fight tumors

Bubbles: You've bathed in them, popped them, endured bad song lyrics about them. Now, University of Michigan researchers hope to add a more sophisticated application to the list---gas bubbles used like corks to block oxygen flow to tumors, or to deliver drugs.

The process of blocking blood flow to a tumor is called embolization, and using gas bubbles is a new technique in embolotherapy. What makes it so promising is that the technique allows doctors to control exactly where the bubbles are formed, so blockage of blood flow to surrounding tissue is minimal, said Joseph Bull, assistant professor of biomedical engineering at U-M.

The research of Bull and collaborator Brian Fowlkes, an associate professor in the Department of Radiology in the U-M Medical School, is currently focused on the fundamental vaporization and transport topics that must first be understood in order to translate this developmental technique to the clinic.

In traditional embolotherapy techniques, the so-called cork that doctors use to block the blood flow---called an emboli---is solid. For instance, it could be a blood clot or a gel of some kind. A major difficulty with these approaches is restricting the emboli to the tumor to minimize destruction of surrounding tissue, without extremely invasive procedures, Bull said. The emboli must be delivered by a catheter placed into the body at the tumor site.

Gas bubbles, on the other hand, allow very precise delivery because their formation can be controlled and directed from the outside, by a focused high intensity ultrasound.

This envisioned technique is actually a two-step process, Bull said. First, a stream of encapsulated superheated perfluorocarbon liquid droplets goes into the body by way of an intravenous injection. The droplets are small enough that they don't lodge in vessels. Doctors image the droplets with standard ultrasound, and once the droplets reach their destination, scientists hit them with high intensity ultrasound. The ultrasound acts like a pin popping a water balloon. After the shell pops, the perfluorocarbon expands into a gas bubble that is approximately 125 times larger in volume than the droplet.

"If a bubble remained spherical its diameter would be much larger than that of the vessel," Bull said. "So it deforms into a long sausage-shaped bubble that lodges in the vessel like a cork. Two or three doses of bubbles will occlude most of the (blood) flow." Without blood flow, the tumor dies.

Because the bubble is so big, it's critical to get the right vessel in order not to damage it.

"How flexible the vessel is plays a very important role in where you do this," Bull said. That is the subject of a paper coming out on gas embolotherapy in the August issue of the Journal of Biomechanical Engineering.


'"/>

Source:University of Michigan


Related biology news :

1. Learning to fight an adversary that wont stay down
2. Antibiotic might fight HIV-induced neurological problems
3. NYU study reveals how brains immune system fights viral encephalitis
4. Molecular models advance the fight against malaria
5. Molecule that usually protects infection-fighting cells may cause plaque deposits inside arteries
6. Researchers find promising cancer-fighting power of synthetic cell-signaling molecule
7. Agilent Technologies new genome analysis technology set to accelerate Australia fight against mesothelioma
8. Two chemicals boost immune cells ability to fight HIV without gene therapy
9. Experiment station researchers to explore genome of disease-fighting fungus
10. Bacterial genome sheds light on synthesizing cancer-fighting compounds
11. Tadpole soon to help in the fight against cancer and lymphedema
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/2/2016)... Feb. 2, 2016  BioMEMS devices deployed ... focused on medical screening and diagnostic applications, ... Wearable devices that facilitate and assure continuous ... movement are being bolstered through new opportunities ... signal acquisition coupled with wireless connectivity and ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... Checkpoint Inhibitors for Cancer – Explore ... you interested in the future of cancer drugs? ... Visiongain,s report gives those predictions to 2026 at ... Avoid falling behind in data or losing ... those emerging cancer therapies can achieve. There you ...
(Date:2/2/2016)...   Parabon NanoLabs (Parabon) announced today ... Office and the Defense Forensics and Biometrics Agency ... company,s Snapshot Kinship Inference software for ... defense-related DNA forensics.  Although Snapshot is best known ... ancestry from DNA evidence), it also has the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... , Feb. 12, 2016  BD (Becton, Dickinson and ... technology company, today announced the launch of the BD ... and Technology (AGBT) Meeting. --> ... genomic research by providing cost effective NGS library preparation ... a high-throughput, fully integrated, next generation sequencing (NGS) library ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... (NASDAQ: NBIX ) today announced its financial results for the ... --> --> For the fourth quarter of 2015, ... loss per share, compared to a net loss of $19.4 million, ... For the year ended December 31, 2015, the Company reported a ... compared to a net loss of $60.5 million, or $0.81 loss ...
(Date:2/11/2016)...  Spectra BioPharma Selling Solutions (Spectra) is a ... companies the experience, expertise, operational delivery and customer ... teams. Created in concert with industry leading commercial ... and tactical needs of its clients by providing ... personal and non-personal promotion. --> ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... , February 11, 2016 ... Corporation ("PositiveID" or "Company") (OTCQB: PSID), a life ... today that its Thermomedics subsidiary, which markets the ... its growth plan in January 2016, including entering ... increasing sequential monthly sales growth, and establishing several ...
Breaking Biology Technology: