Navigation Links
Asexual worm quickly adapts to soil contamination

Soil contaminants lead to rapid genetic adaptations in the nematode Acrobeloides nanus. The worms from contaminated soil live longer and lay more eggs under polluted conditions than the worms from unpolluted soil. Dutch-sponsored researcher Agnieszka Doroszuk demonstrated this in her study into the long-term effects of environmental pollution on soil organisms.

Environmental pollution is an important cause of stress in natural populations. This not only has consequences for the size, dynamics and structure of the population but it can also lead to genetic changes and adaptations. Doroszuk investigated the long-term effects of pollution on the bacteria-eating nematode Acrobeloides nanus. This asexually reproducing nematode is easy to culture and study. The research is innovative due to a multidisciplinary approach, in which methods from various disciplines such as ecology, toxicology, molecular biology and evolutionary biology provide insights into the effect of soil pollution at different levels of biological organisation.

Genetic adaptation

The nematode was exposed to a combination of different pH and copper values. As well as their individual effects, the pH and the copper levels in the soil can exert a synergistic effect on the nematode population. Unexpectedly fast adaptation was observed and considerable genetic changes took place. As a result of this the nematodes in the polluted soil became resistant to the contamination. In the contaminated culturing medium they laid more eggs and lived for longer than the nematodes from the clean soil.

Asexual

The rapid adaptation to the environment in an asexual species is an interesting finding. It contradicts the general opinion that asexual species have low adaptive potential and that they adapt to stress less easily than sexual species. At present these asexual species are used as test organisms in ecotoxicological risk evaluations. The question now arises as to whether they are suitable for this purpose.

The results of this study are important for the development of protection strategies for natural populations. This can be realised by focusing environmental management more on functions such as biomass turnover rate and less on the structure and biomasss of populations per se. In her thesis Doroszuk shows that contributions from various research disciplines are crucial for insight into underlying mechanisms of the response to stress and for the consequences for the natural system.
'"/>

Source:Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research


Related biology news :

1. To translate touch, the brain can quickly rearrange its sense of the body
2. Gene patterns in white blood cells quickly diagnose disease
3. Animals can change genes quickly to keep up with viral ingenuity
4. New MRI technique quickly builds 3-D images of knees
5. Mussels evolve quickly to defend against invasive crabs
6. Biodegradable napkin -- featuring sensitive nanofibers -- may quickly detect biohazards
7. Drug can quickly mobilize an army of cells to repair injury
8. A new portable biosensor detects traces of contaminants in food more quickly and cheaply
9. Resistant HIV quickly hides in infants cells
10. Arctic ice retreating more quickly than computer models project
11. Retina adapts to seek the unexpected, ignore the commonplace

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/8/2017)... Feb. 7, 2017 Report Highlights ... 2021 from $8.3 billion in 2016 at a compound ... 2021. Report Includes - An overview of the ... trends, with data from 2015 and 2016, and projections ... Segmentation of the market on the basis of product ...
(Date:2/7/2017)... Feb. 7, 2017 Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. ... healthcare, will present at the LEERINK Partners 6th Annual ... Hotel on Wednesday, February 15, 2017 at 10 a.m. ... the presentation can be accessed at http://wsw.com/webcast/leerink28/zbh .  ... conference via Zimmer Biomet,s Investor Relations website at ...
(Date:2/6/2017)... According to Acuity Market Intelligence, ongoing ... to continue to embrace biometric and digital identification ... Border Control (ABC) eGates and 1436 Automated Passport ... 163 ports of entry across the globe. Deployments ... combined CAGR of 37%. APC Kiosks reached 75% ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/23/2017)... /PRNewswire/ - The Fight Against Cancer Innovation Trust (FACIT) ... pleased to report that Fusion Pharmaceuticals Inc. (Fusion) has ... Johnson Innovation – JJDC, Inc. (JJDC) as the lead ... Biotechnology Partners, and Genesys Capital, as well as founding ... ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... Minn. , Feb. 23, 2017  Imanis ... new product line of oncolytic vaccinia viruses for ... Corporation as part of Genelux,s proprietary, vaccinia virus-based ... are excited to enter into a partnership with ... selected oncolytic vaccinia viruses for use in research," ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... 23, 2017 , ... Today, researchers can fast-track sample collection ... and/or other biomarkers or SNPs of interest) using one, easy-to-collect saliva sample. With ... relationship between insulin and other relevant biomarkers can be extensively studied through a ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... SAN DIEGO and SAN FRANCISCO ... , a privately-held regenerative medicine company, and Beyond Type ... living with type 1 diabetes, today announced a grant ... develop a functional cure for type 1 and other ... decade, ViaCyte has been developing innovative stem cell-derived cell ...
Breaking Biology Technology: