Navigation Links
Archerfish tune their shots to universal properties of prey adhesion

Archerfish exhibit the remarkable ability to hunt for insects and other small terrestrial animals by firing precisely aimed streams of water that knock prey onto the water's surface. These water shots were once thought to be all-or-none in quality, but researchers have now discovered new levels of sophistication in the archerfish's hunting strategy that shed light on how this impressive predatory behavior has evolved. The findings are reported by Thomas Schlegel, Christine Schmid, and Stefan Schuster of the Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg in Erlangen, Germany, and appear in the October 10th issue of the journal Current Biology, published by Cell Press.

By employing high-resolution imaging of water streams fired during archerfish hunting, researchers have discovered that archerfish automatically tune the force they use to dislodge prey according to prey size, and that this strategy appears to be resistant to alteration by experience: It occurs even when the fish have been placed for two years in an environment that has been manipulated to make such tuning unnecessary for successful hunting. The findings suggest that the tuning aspect of the archerfish's hunting strategy is not as plastic in response to learning as might have been thought. Instead, the strategy may reflect the evolution of archerfish behavior in accordance with a recently discovered scaling law: Among animals such as flies and lizards, an animal's adhesive force--its natural tendency to stick to a surface--is closely proportional to the animal's size.

The researchers showed that for any given size of prey, the archerfish tune their attacks such that prey are hit with about ten times the force that adhesive organs of animals of that size could sustain.

The new work also revealed that the archerfish's hunting technique is metabolically costly and that the fish tune the force of their water shots by adjusting the mass of water in a shot, rather than altering the initial releas e pressure and speed of the shot. This turns out to be the most efficient way of adjusting force--by doubling the mass of water shot, the fish double the force that is applied to prey in a way that only doubles the energetic cost of the shot; doubling speed of the shot would require quadrupled energetic cost.
'"/>

Source:Cell Press


Related biology news :

1. Priming embryonic stem cells to fulfill their promise
2. Protein offers way to stop microscopic parasites in their tracks
3. Flocking together: Study shows how animal groups find their way
4. Where bacteria get their genes
5. Chickadees can help humans get their bearings
6. Bacteria use hosts immune response to their competitive advantage
7. Structures of marine toxins provide insight into their effectiveness as cancer drugs
8. Beauty queens urge girls not to sacrifice their bones
9. Researchers learn how blood vessel cells cope with their pressure-packed job
10. Stem cells electric abilities might help their safe clinical use
11. Multiple genes permit closely related fish species to mix and match their color vision

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/22/2017)...   Neurotechnology , a provider of high-precision ... the release of the SentiVeillance 6.0 ... recognition using up to 10 surveillance, security and ... new version uses deep neural-network-based facial detection and ... a Graphing Processing Unit (GPU) for enhanced speed. ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... Optimove , provider of the ... as 1-800-Flowers and AdoreMe, today announced two new ... Using Optimove,s machine learning algorithms, these features allow ... recommendations to their customers based not just on ... intent drawn from a complex web of data ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... LIVERMORE, Calif. , March 21, 2017 ... recognition analytics company serving law enforcement agencies, announced today ... Sheridan as director of public safety business development. ... of diversified law enforcement experience, including a focus on ... Vigilant. In his most recent position, Mr. Sheridan served ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/22/2017)... ... ... The Conference Forum has announced the launch of the 5th Annual ... at the Colonnade Hotel in Boston, MA. The CMO Summit is the only emerging ... support. , “The Chief Medical Officer faces a unique set of challenges at small ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... ... ... The Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) strongly opposes the proposed budget ... year 2018 budget request. , This proposal calls for a reduction ... 20% of its total budget. If applied proportionally across NIH, funding for the National ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... -- Personal Genome Diagnostics Inc. (PGDx) today announced an ... U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) that replaces ... new CancerSELECT ™ 125 test. CancerSELECT 125 ... that includes microsatellite instability status (MSI), a biomarker ... inhibitor immunotherapies. CancerSELECT 125 will be available to ...
(Date:3/20/2017)... ... , ... SSCI and Whitehouse Laboratories, divisions of Albany Molecular Research, Inc, are ... the Parenteral Drug Association (PDA), the New York Interphex Show will open on March ... more than 625 exhibitors, the educational and networking opportunities are extremely valuable. INTERPHEX is ...
Breaking Biology Technology: