Navigation Links
Applying ecological laws to bacteria

Researchers have obtained further evidence that one of the oldest biological laws can also be applied to bacteria living in the sump tank reservoirs of machines in an engineering workshop in Oxford, according to a paper published in Environmental Microbiology.

Scientists from the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH) in Oxford, found that the patterns of abundance and genetic diversity of bacteria living in oil-based metal-cutting fluid reservoirs were similar to those found in higher animal and plant communities. This confirms the ecological law that states that the bigger the area the greater the number of species present.

Scientists previously thought that biodiversity at the microbial level, was fundamentally different to that of larger organisms, such as plants and mammals. This discovery implies that similar processes, which structure the communities of large organisms, also determine those of microbial communities.

Engineering machine metal-cutting fluid reservoirs are used as coolants and lubricants in metal machining processes. The reservoirs of the machines studied, such as lathes and mills, were of increasing size and were said to be analogous to an archipelago of islands.

Microbial communities impact greatly on life on Earth. They can help promote plant growth and protect plants against disease, as well as reducing pollution. The finding that microorganisms follow the same patterns as plants and animals has potential significance in medicine, agriculture and pollution-control. By applying the new insights to the microbial world, researchers may be able to improve the exploitation of vital microbial processes, such as sewage treatment.

Dr Christopher van der Gast, from CEH, lead author on the paper, comments: 'This is an important finding as it will allow us to predict some fundamental diversity patterns of bacterial communities from information that is fairly simple to obtain. Combined with the amazing technologi cal advances made in environmental microbiology, we hope that we will be able to predict how these communities respond to changes in their environment, as well engineering these communities to perform useful tasks.'

Island size and bacterial diversity in an archipelago of engineering machines.
Christopher J. van der Gast, Andrew K. Lilley, Duane Ager, Ian P. Thompson
Environmental Microbiology, Volume 7, Issue 8, pg. 1220-1226, Aug 2005


'"/>

Source:Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


Related biology news :

1. Essential mangrove forest threatened by cryptic ecological degradation
2. An (ecological) origin of species for tropical reef fish
3. UN: World in big ecological mess
4. Logging changed ecological balance for monkeys, damaged health
5. The ecological effects of the Chernobyl disaster
6. Gene chips forecast ecological impacts of climate change
7. Humans ecological footprint in 2015 and Amazonia revealed
8. Substance protects resilient staph bacteria
9. Physiological effects of reduced gravity on bacteria
10. Bee mites suppress bee immunity, open door for viruses and bacteria
11. Using computers and DNA to count bacteria
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/4/2017)... , April 4, 2017   EyeLock LLC ... announced that the United States Patent and Trademark Office ... broadly covers the linking of an iris image with ... transaction) and represents the company,s 45 th issued ... patent is very timely given the multi-modal biometric capabilities ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... The research team of The Hong Kong ... identification by adopting ground breaking 3D fingerprint minutiae recovery and matching ... and accuracy for use in identification, crime investigation, immigration control, security ... ... A research team led by ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... The report "Video Surveillance Market ... Storage Devices), Software (Video Analytics, VMS), and Service (VSaaS, ... to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the market was valued ... to reach USD 75.64 Billion by 2022, at a ... year considered for the study is 2016 and the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/22/2017)... Frederick, MD (PRWEB) , ... June 22, 2017 ... ... software solutions provider, announced the release of Limfinity® version 6.5, a content-packed update ... Limfinity® framework continue to gain a larger and more diverse base of customers ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... June 20, 2017 , ... CTNext , Connecticut’s ... has formed a Higher Education Entrepreneurship Advisory Committee to implement the recommendations of ... other high-ranking representatives from 35 higher education institutions across the state over the ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... Fairfield, Iowa (PRWEB) , ... June 20, 2017 ... ... a chance to immediately determine the adulterants which pose the most likely threat ... 25 - 28 of this year. , IFT's annual food expo attracts ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... June 20, 2017 , ... National executive search firm, Slone ... assay development and biomarker expertise, as VP of Scientific Affairs at Cambridge Biomedical. ... bio-analytical assay development and sample testing services. The organization acts as a leading ...
Breaking Biology Technology: