Navigation Links
Applying ecological laws to bacteria

Researchers have obtained further evidence that one of the oldest biological laws can also be applied to bacteria living in the sump tank reservoirs of machines in an engineering workshop in Oxford, according to a paper published in Environmental Microbiology.

Scientists from the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH) in Oxford, found that the patterns of abundance and genetic diversity of bacteria living in oil-based metal-cutting fluid reservoirs were similar to those found in higher animal and plant communities. This confirms the ecological law that states that the bigger the area the greater the number of species present.

Scientists previously thought that biodiversity at the microbial level, was fundamentally different to that of larger organisms, such as plants and mammals. This discovery implies that similar processes, which structure the communities of large organisms, also determine those of microbial communities.

Engineering machine metal-cutting fluid reservoirs are used as coolants and lubricants in metal machining processes. The reservoirs of the machines studied, such as lathes and mills, were of increasing size and were said to be analogous to an archipelago of islands.

Microbial communities impact greatly on life on Earth. They can help promote plant growth and protect plants against disease, as well as reducing pollution. The finding that microorganisms follow the same patterns as plants and animals has potential significance in medicine, agriculture and pollution-control. By applying the new insights to the microbial world, researchers may be able to improve the exploitation of vital microbial processes, such as sewage treatment.

Dr Christopher van der Gast, from CEH, lead author on the paper, comments: 'This is an important finding as it will allow us to predict some fundamental diversity patterns of bacterial communities from information that is fairly simple to obtain. Combined with the amazing technologi cal advances made in environmental microbiology, we hope that we will be able to predict how these communities respond to changes in their environment, as well engineering these communities to perform useful tasks.'

Island size and bacterial diversity in an archipelago of engineering machines.
Christopher J. van der Gast, Andrew K. Lilley, Duane Ager, Ian P. Thompson
Environmental Microbiology, Volume 7, Issue 8, pg. 1220-1226, Aug 2005


'"/>

Source:Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


Related biology news :

1. Essential mangrove forest threatened by cryptic ecological degradation
2. An (ecological) origin of species for tropical reef fish
3. UN: World in big ecological mess
4. Logging changed ecological balance for monkeys, damaged health
5. The ecological effects of the Chernobyl disaster
6. Gene chips forecast ecological impacts of climate change
7. Humans ecological footprint in 2015 and Amazonia revealed
8. Substance protects resilient staph bacteria
9. Physiological effects of reduced gravity on bacteria
10. Bee mites suppress bee immunity, open door for viruses and bacteria
11. Using computers and DNA to count bacteria
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/16/2018)... HOUSTON (PRWEB) , ... October 15, 2018 , ... ... integrated cold chain operations solutions for highly regulated industries, is a silver sponsor ... in San Diego, California. , The Biomanufacturing World Summit brings together ...
(Date:10/13/2018)... ... October 12, 2018 , ... ... will host a booth at premier packaging event PACK EXPO International in Chicago ... Machinery Manufacturers Institute (PMMI), of which HOLLOWAY AMERICA is a member. , At ...
(Date:10/11/2018)... YORK (PRWEB) , ... October 10, 2018 , ... ... technology is enabling newly diagnosed breast cancer patients to learn about their treatment ... outcomes for women with triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), and was developed through ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/5/2018)... (PRWEB) , ... October 04, 2018 , ... ... diagnostics with genomics, along with Duke University, announced today at IDWeek™ 2018 the ... test that detects pathogen DNA in plasma, accurately identified causative pathogens in patients ...
(Date:10/2/2018)... ... October 02, 2018 , ... Genedata, ... a new out-of-the-box integration of the Genedata Bioprocess ® platform with ... equipment supplier. This enables the automatic import of raw instrument data into ...
(Date:9/29/2018)... GARDEN GROVE, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... September 29, ... ... Voxx.Gateway, an analytics product enabling mid-level and early-stage companies to access the power ... working to make our solutions available to a broader market that didn’t necessarily ...
(Date:9/27/2018)... ... September 26, 2018 , ... ... ahead of their primary care physicians, according to a new Zeldis Research and ... and doctors were asked about consumer adoption of fitness and health wearables, remote ...
Breaking Biology Technology: