Navigation Links
Applying ecological laws to bacteria

Researchers have obtained further evidence that one of the oldest biological laws can also be applied to bacteria living in the sump tank reservoirs of machines in an engineering workshop in Oxford, according to a paper published in Environmental Microbiology.

Scientists from the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH) in Oxford, found that the patterns of abundance and genetic diversity of bacteria living in oil-based metal-cutting fluid reservoirs were similar to those found in higher animal and plant communities. This confirms the ecological law that states that the bigger the area the greater the number of species present.

Scientists previously thought that biodiversity at the microbial level, was fundamentally different to that of larger organisms, such as plants and mammals. This discovery implies that similar processes, which structure the communities of large organisms, also determine those of microbial communities.

Engineering machine metal-cutting fluid reservoirs are used as coolants and lubricants in metal machining processes. The reservoirs of the machines studied, such as lathes and mills, were of increasing size and were said to be analogous to an archipelago of islands.

Microbial communities impact greatly on life on Earth. They can help promote plant growth and protect plants against disease, as well as reducing pollution. The finding that microorganisms follow the same patterns as plants and animals has potential significance in medicine, agriculture and pollution-control. By applying the new insights to the microbial world, researchers may be able to improve the exploitation of vital microbial processes, such as sewage treatment.

Dr Christopher van der Gast, from CEH, lead author on the paper, comments: 'This is an important finding as it will allow us to predict some fundamental diversity patterns of bacterial communities from information that is fairly simple to obtain. Combined with the amazing technologi cal advances made in environmental microbiology, we hope that we will be able to predict how these communities respond to changes in their environment, as well engineering these communities to perform useful tasks.'

Island size and bacterial diversity in an archipelago of engineering machines.
Christopher J. van der Gast, Andrew K. Lilley, Duane Ager, Ian P. Thompson
Environmental Microbiology, Volume 7, Issue 8, pg. 1220-1226, Aug 2005


'"/>

Source:Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


Related biology news :

1. Essential mangrove forest threatened by cryptic ecological degradation
2. An (ecological) origin of species for tropical reef fish
3. UN: World in big ecological mess
4. Logging changed ecological balance for monkeys, damaged health
5. The ecological effects of the Chernobyl disaster
6. Gene chips forecast ecological impacts of climate change
7. Humans ecological footprint in 2015 and Amazonia revealed
8. Substance protects resilient staph bacteria
9. Physiological effects of reduced gravity on bacteria
10. Bee mites suppress bee immunity, open door for viruses and bacteria
11. Using computers and DNA to count bacteria
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/2/2016)... 2, 2016  Based on its recent analysis ... recognizes US-based Intelligent Retinal Imaging Systems (IRIS) with ... for New Product Innovation. IRIS, a prominent cloud-based ... America , is poised to set the ... retinopathy market. The IRIS technology presents superior price-performance ...
(Date:1/27/2016)... WEST CHESTER, Ohio , Jan. 27, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... services supplier based in West Chester, Ohio ... and their award winning service staff, based in ... Track,s technical capacity and ability to provide modifications, installations ... John Dovalina , CEO of PLUS, commented, "PLUS ...
(Date:1/21/2016)... 21, 2016 --> ... market research report "Emotion Detection and Recognition Market by Technology ... (Facial Expression, Voice Recognition and Others), Services, Application ... to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, the global Emotion ... USD 22.65 Billion by 2020, at a CAGR ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... , Feb. 12, 2016  BD (Becton, Dickinson ... medical technology company, today announced the launch of the ... Biology and Technology (AGBT) Meeting. ... enables genomic research by providing cost effective NGS library ... is a high-throughput, fully integrated, next generation sequencing (NGS) ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... , February 11, 2016 Non-profit ... Promote Genetic Understanding to Support Research and Discovery ... 100K, today announced an ambitious plan to sequence 100,000 individuals. ... Asian countries and at least 7 of North and East ... In the first phase, the project will focus on creating ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... HILDEN , Germany and ... QGEN ; Frankfurt Prime Standard: ... new QIAseq Targeted RNA Panels for gene expression profiling, ... next-generation sequencing (NGS). The panels enable researchers to select ... expression fold changes and discover interactions between genes, cellular ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... -- Wellcentive today announced it has been selected by FamilyCare ... community care organization (CCO) with more than 130,000 ... and care management solutions and services. Wellcentive,s capabilities ... managers, analysts and care managers while providing insight ... members. Oregon . ...
Breaking Biology Technology: