Navigation Links
Antiretroviral Therapy May Prevent HIV Transmission From Breastfeeding Mothers To Infants

Two new studies support the hypothesis that combination antiretroviral drug therapy may reduce the risk of mother-to-child HIV transmission through breastfeeding, findings that could have significant implications in the developing world.

Researchers in the first study found mothers pass antiretroviral medications on to their breastfeeding infants in concentrations high enough to prevent infection. The second study showed levels of HIV RNA in breast milk are lower in mothers taking antiretroviral therapy than those who are not. Both studies appear in the September 1 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases, now available online.

Without antiretroviral therapy for an HIV-infected mother or her baby, transmission of HIV-1 through breast milk occurs in approximately 9 to 16 percent of breastfed infants. In the developing world, many HIV-infected mothers breastfeed rather than use formula due to the high cost of formula, lack of a safe water supply, and cultural norms.

Roger L. Shapiro, MD, MPH, of the Harvard School of Public Health, led the research in Botswana. In the first study, the researchers measured the concentrations of three antiretroviral drugs, nevirapine, lamivudine, and zidovudine, in the blood and breast milk of 20 HIV-infected women, and in the blood of their uninfected breastfeeding infants. All of the mothers had been receiving this combination of antiretroviral therapy continuously for at least six weeks prior to the start of the study, and all of the infants received a single dose of nevirapine and continuous zidovudine therapy after birth.

At either two or five months after delivery, all three drugs taken by the mothers were found in breast milk in concentrations similar to or higher than those found in the mothers' blood. In samples of the infants' blood, the investigators observed high, inhibitory concentrations of nevirapine that were above those thought necessary to protect against HIV infection. Dr. Shapiro and
'"/>

Source:Infectious Diseases Society of America


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Antiretroviral therapy may prevent excess risk of some cancers in people with HIV
2. Adding Radiation Therapy To Chemotherapy Improves Survival In Patients With High-risk Breast Cancer
3. Novel Therapy Tested in Mice Could Chase Away Cat Allergies
4. Gene Therapy For Parkinsons Disease Moves Forward In Animals
5. Rush Physicians Using Gene Therapy For Heart Patients With Moderate To Severe Chest Pains Who Do Not Benefit From Other Treatments
6. Pathogen-Mimicking Vaccine As Strategy For Cancer Therapy
7. Discovery Promises Simpler Therapy for Sickle Cell Disease
8. Gene Therapy Cures Inherited Liver Disease In Rats
9. HIV Therapy Greatly Extends Life of Key T Cells, Scientists Find
10. Menopause Symptoms May Come Back After Stopping Menopausal Hormone Therapy
11. Newly Discovered Role for Heart Response Enzyme May Yield Better Heart Failure Therapy
Post Your Comments:
(Date:7/23/2015)... July 23, 2015 Research and Markets ... the "Global Outlook of the Biometrics Industry ... The global biometrics market is likely ... commercial applications owing to the uptake of multiple ... transformation that enhances the growth of biometrics in ...
(Date:7/20/2015)... July 20, 2015  Acuity Market Intelligence,s latest ... Convergence of Commerce and Privacy" forecasts that between ... apps will be downloaded to smart mobile devices ... biometrics market is projected to generate more than ... the seven-year forecast period.    "Biometrics ...
(Date:7/9/2015)... -- Research and Markets( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/98rrmr/biometrics_for ... "Biometrics for Banking; Market & Technology Analysis, Adoption ... offering. The adoption for banking purposes ... the forecast is that by 2020 it will ... in delivering biometric systems to the banking industry. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Global Outlook of the Biometrics Industry 2015 2Global Outlook of the Biometrics Industry 2015 3Biometrics on Smart Mobile Devices to Redefine Digital Identity with 12.9 Billion Biometric App Downloads between 2014 and 2020 2Global Banking Biometrics Market 2015-2020 - Market & Technology Analysis, Adoption Strategies and Forecasts 2Global Banking Biometrics Market 2015-2020 - Market & Technology Analysis, Adoption Strategies and Forecasts 3
... College London have successfully converted human embryonic stem cells ... one day be grown for transplantation. , Cartilage is ... allow the smooth movement of joints. , Research ... Imperial team directed embryonic stem cells to become cartilage ...
... Bioinformatics Institute at Virginia Tech have discovered a novel ... a clue to the development of early metabolism on ... 2005 issue of the Journal of Biological Chemistry, in ... Novel Coenzyme F420-dependent Enzyme, from the Methanoarchaeon Methanocaldococcus jannaschii". ...
... forest greenery, the mold Aspergillus fumigatus lurks across ... most common mold causing infection, A. fumigatus triggers ... weakened immune systems. , Now, in the December 22 ... Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR) and their collaborators report the ...
Cached Biology News:Scientists use stem cells to grow cartilage 2Novel protein complex enables survival in hostile environment 2Novel protein complex enables survival in hostile environment 3Novel protein complex enables survival in hostile environment 4Novel protein complex enables survival in hostile environment 5Breaking the mold: Research teams sequence three fungus genomes 2
(Date:7/30/2015)... 30, 2015 HIGHLIGHTS:Q2 2015 Results ... , Reported sales were $697 million compared to ... grew organically by 8%, and changes in foreign currency ... sales by 1%. , By business unit, organic ... and 11% in SAFC Commercial. , Reported diluted ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... NH (PRWEB) , ... July 30, 2015 , ... ... homogenizer for advanced fluid applications and designed for continuous operation up to 1500 ... and sterilization-in-place, ensuring safety, efficiency, and preventing toxic contamination. , The Pony™ NS2006L ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... According to a new market research report, ... , published by Mordor Intelligence, the Global market is expected ... 2020, with North America being the ... global market size. The Global market for Stem Cells is ... period of (2015-2020).      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150428/740799) , ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... /PRNewswire/ - BioAmber Inc. (NYSE: BIOA ) today announced ... Officer has resigned.  The Company has hired Andrew ... in December 2014, as full time interim CFO and ... Andy Ashworth began his employment today, ... transition.  Andy was the Company,s CFO from September 2011 ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 2Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 3Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 4Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 5Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 6Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 7Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 8Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 9Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 10Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 11Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 12Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 13Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 14Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 15Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 16Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 17Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 18Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 19Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 20GEA Announces the Pony™ NS2006L… a Self-contained, High Pressure Lab Homogenizer for Product Development Ensuring Maximum Efficiency and Safety 2Asia Pacific to Dominate the Global Stem Cell Market - Vericel Corporation, Ocata Therpeutics, Athersys Inc., Cryo-Cell International, Geron Corporation, StemCells, Inc. Among the Major Players 2Asia Pacific to Dominate the Global Stem Cell Market - Vericel Corporation, Ocata Therpeutics, Athersys Inc., Cryo-Cell International, Geron Corporation, StemCells, Inc. Among the Major Players 3BioAmber Announces Change in Chief Financial Officer 2BioAmber Announces Change in Chief Financial Officer 3
... of debate and restructuring Gov. Jim Doyle has signed the ... the Biomedical Technology Alliance . , ,In the final ... a proposed grant of $2.5 million to the BTA, an ... The partial veto will cut the grant by 80 percent, ...
... Commentary , Madison, Wis. -- Two ... the worst deficit in the state's history. And on Monday, ... people of our state asked us to do three things with ... freeze property taxes. I'm pleased to say this budget does ...
... snack producer Link Snacks, Inc., has selected ... operating efficiencies and expand marketing efforts, Prescient reported Wednesday. ... snacks under the Jack Link's brand and reports to ... ,Jack Link's plans to use Prescient's Demand Planning and ...
Cached Biology Technology:Doyle partially vetoes SE Wisconsin technology grant 2Doyle partially vetoes SE Wisconsin technology grant 3A budget that moves Wisconsin forward 2A budget that moves Wisconsin forward 3A budget that moves Wisconsin forward 4
Anti-Potassium Channel EAG-1 Immunogen: Synthetic peptide from the C-terminus of rat Kv10.1 (Accession Q63472). The immunogen sequence is identical in mouse and 14/16 residues identical in human...
IEX-1 S/L (H-20)...
WIF-1 (N-20)...
... Strong reactivity with rat ... and guinea pig (48%). ... Specificity confirmed by Western ... Goa, rat Gia-1, Gia-2, rat ...
Biology Products: