Navigation Links
Antibody extends life of mice with breast cancer

A monoclonal antibody developed by researchers at the University at Buffalo has been shown to extend significantly the survival of mice with human breast-cancer tumors and to inhibit the cancer's spread to the lungs in the animals by more than 50 percent.

The antibody, named JAA-F11, targets a particular disaccharide, an antigen known as TF-Ag, which aids the adhesion and spread of certain cancer cells. While the antibody did not kill the cancer cells, it blocked stages of cancer-cell growth that allow the cells to adhere to organ tissue, the research showed.

Results of the research appeared in the November 2006 issue of the journal Neoplasia.

Mice with breast-cancer tumors that received the antibody had a median survival time of 72 days, compared to 57 days for the animals that did not receive JAA-F11, the study found. In addition, exposing cultures of tumor cells to the antibody inhibited cell growth by a statistically significant 16 percent.

Kate Rittenhouse-Olson, Ph.D., associate professor of clinical and laboratory sciences in the UB School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, is senior author on the study.

"This antibody binds with a carbohydrate on the tumor cell surface that is involved in adhesion of the cell during the metastatic process," said Rittenhouse-Olson. "Not only would drugs attached to the antibody JAA-F11 bind to the tumor cell surface to direct their cytotoxic effect, but the binding of the antibody itself would block the cell from metastasizing."

The antibody was tested using in vitro models of tumor cell growth, in assays to determine its ability to damage or kill cells (cytotoxicity), in various models of cancer metastasis, and, finally, in mice with metastatic breast cancer.

"In addition to providing a survival advantage," said Rittenhouse-Olson, "JAA-F11 immunotherapy reduced the metastatic tumor burden significantly, reflected by both a dramatic decline in the overall incidence of spontaneous metastasis to the lung -- 88 percent to 47 percent -- and fewer macroscopic metastatic lesions."

The research group currently is determining if JAA-F11 could increase the effectiveness of existing cancer drugs, she said, as well as studying the possibility of using the antibody as a vehicle for the targeted delivery of drugs to aid cancer diagnosis and therapy.


'"/>

Source:University at Buffalo


Related biology news :

1. Antibody signal may redirect inflammation to fuel cancer
2. Antibody therapy prevents type 1 diabetes in mice
3. Combined treatment extends life expectancy for lung cancer patients
4. Single molecule extends fat mice lives by reversing gene pathways associated with disease in obese
5. Viral DNA sequence a possible trigger for breast cancer
6. Used in a new way, RNA interference permanently silences key breast cancer gene
7. Biomarkers isolated from saliva successfully predict oral and breast cancer
8. Study reveals dramatic difference between breast cancers in US and Africa
9. Compounds in plastic packaging act as environmental estrogens altering breast genes
10. Alcohol consumption disrupts breastfeeding hormones
11. VCU Massey Cancer Center study shows enzyme linked to spread of breast cancer cells
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/11/2017)... , April 11, 2017 No two ... researchers at the New York University Tandon School ... Engineering have found that partial similarities between prints ... used in mobile phones and other electronic devices ... The vulnerability lies in the fact that ...
(Date:4/6/2017)... April 6, 2017 Forecasts by ... Document Readers, by End-Use (Transportation & Logistics, Government & ... Gas & Fossil Generation Facility, Nuclear Power), Industrial, Retail, ... Are you looking for a definitive report ... ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... YORK , April 5, 2017 Today ... is announcing that the server component of the HYPR ... known for providing the end-to-end security architecture that empowers ... HYPR has already secured over 15 million ... makers including manufacturers of connected home product suites and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2017)... , ... May 23, 2017 , ... ... manufacturers to re-engineer their control technology again and again. METTLER TOLEDO has released ... machine manufacturers. The videos illustrate how integration of the ACT350 into Siemens and ...
(Date:5/22/2017)... Maryland (PRWEB) , ... May 22, 2017 , ... ... Olsen, joined with other leaders of the Maryland Biohealth community in developing and ... globally recognized Top 3 U.S. BioHealth Innovation Hub by 2023. ...
(Date:5/21/2017)... ... May 19, 2017 , ... Ovation Fertility scientists’ ... American Association of Bioanalysts (AAB) and the College of Reproductive Biology (CRB) today ... AAB’s commitment to excellence in clinical laboratory services and regulations. , “We ...
(Date:5/19/2017)... York (PRWEB) , ... May 19, 2017 , ... In ... in treating gait disorders, Biodex Medical Systems, Inc. announces the release of their Gait ... therapy has been joined with a biomedical system to aid in rehabilitating individuals with ...
Breaking Biology Technology: