Navigation Links
Ancient DNA confirms single origin of Malagasy primates

Yale biologists have managed to extract and analyze DNA from giant, extinct lemurs, according to a Yale study published in a recent issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Radiocarbon dating of the bones and teeth from which the DNA was obtained reveal that each of the individuals analyzed died well over 1,000 years ago, according to the senior author, Anne Yoder, associate professor in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.

Living lemurs comprise more than 50 species, all of which are unique to the island of Madagascar, which is the world's fourth largest island and east of Africa. Evolutionary analysis of the DNA obtained from the extinct giants reveals that they, like the living lemurs, are descended from a single primate ancestor that colonized Madagascar more than 60 million years ago, Yoder said.

The biologists extracted DNA from nine subfossil individuals in two of the more bizarre extinct species, Palaeopropithecus and Megaladapis. The first has been likened to tree sloths and the second compared to koala bears. Both ranged in body weights from 100 to 150 pounds, as compared to the largest living lemur, Indri indri, which weighs in at fewer than 15 to 17 pounds.

"The most important conclusion to be drawn from our study is that the phylogenetic placement of subfossil lemurs adds additional support to the hypothesis that non-human primates colonized Madagascar only once," Yoder said. "However, the limited taxonomic success of our study leaves open the possibility that data from additional taxa will overturn this increasingly robust hypothesis."

Yoder said the researchers' results support the close relationship of sloth lemurs (Palaeopropithecus) to living indriids, but Megaladapis does not show a sister-group relationship with the living genus Lepilemur. "The classification of the latter in the family Megaladapidae is misleading," she said.

Yoder said that damaging effects of moi sture, ultraviolet irradiation, and tropical heat on DNA survival likely contributed to the inability to obtain DNA from some species. The only samples to yield DNA from tropical localities were the two individuals that were used as positive controls, Yoder said.

"The results of our study contribute to the mountain evidence that suggests that prospects for ancient DNA studies from the tropics are less promising than those from higher latitudes, but when the results are potentially of such compelling interest, it's always worth a try," she said.


'"/>

Source:Yale University


Related biology news :

1. Ancient olfaction protein is shared by many bugs, offering new pest control target
2. Ancient immune defense mechanism is no match for HIV-1
3. Ancient DNA helps clarify the origins of two extinct New World horse species
4. Researchers Discover Ancient Origins Of Tuberculosis-causing Bacteria
5. Ancient anthropoid origins discovered in Africa
6. Ancient trans-Atlantic swarm brought locusts to the New World
7. Ancient humans brought bottle gourds to the Americas from Asia
8. Ancient DNA helps UF researchers unearth potential hemophilia therapy
9. Ancient DNA provides clues to the evolution of social behavior
10. Ancient ants arose 140-168 million years ago
11. Ancient fossil DNA found preserved in crystal
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:1/12/2017)... and PUNE, India , January 12, 2017 ... Forecasts, 2015 - 2022," projects that the global biometric technology market is expected to ... 2016 to 2022. Continue Reading ... ...      ...
(Date:1/6/2017)... JOLLA, Calif. , Jan. 6, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... 1 safety studies in healthy volunteers of a ... intended to treat acute pancreatitis. ... is typically a mild disorder, but can be ... organ failure and sepsis, where extended hospital stays, ...
(Date:1/4/2017)... LAS VEGAS , Jan. 4, 2017  For the thousands of ... , a global leader in connected health and biometric measurement devices and ... pressure monitors. On display in A&D Medical,s special CES ... monitors represent the ongoing expansion of the company,s WellnessConnected product ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... FireflySci Inc. is a go-getter type of company ... is accounted to two main factors. The first is the amazing customer service ... supplying FireflySci products all around the world. , 2016 was a tremendous sales year ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... , Jan. 18, 2017 BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company) ... today that it will host a live webcast of its Annual ... (ET). The webcast can be accessed from the ... replay through Tuesday, January 31, 2017. ... About BD BD is a global ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... 18, 2017   Parent Project Muscular Dystrophy (PPMD) ... Duchenne muscular dystrophy (Duchenne) , today announced a ... Institute of Technology (NJIT) and Talem Technologies (Talem) as ... technology to assist people living with Duchenne. PPMD ... – an embedded computer, software, a force sensor and ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... 2017 , ... MYOLYN, which creates medical technology for people ... to the FDA, requesting clearance of the MyoCycle Home and the MyoCycle Pro ... , The submission marks a major milestone for the technology startup. MYOLYN spun ...
Breaking Biology Technology: