Navigation Links
'Ancestral eve' was mother of all tooth decay

A New York University College of Dentistry (NYUCD) research team has found the first oral bacterial evidence supporting the dispersal of modern Homo sapiens out of Africa to Asia.

The team, led by Page Caufield, a professor of cariology and comprehensive care at NYUCD, discovered that Streptoccocus mutans, a bacterium associated with dental caries, has evolved along with its human hosts in a clear line that can be traced back to a single common ancestor who lived in Africa between 100,000 and 200,000 years ago.

S. mutans is transmitted from mothers to infants, and first appears in an infant’s mouth at about two years of age. Caufield’s findings are reported in an article in the February issue of the Journal of Bacteriology.

In his analysis of the bacterium, Caufield used DNA fingerprints and other biomarkers that scientists have also employed to trace human evolution back to a single common African ancestor, known as "ancestral Eve."

"As humans migrated around the world and evolved into the different races and ethnicities we know today," Caufield said, "this oral bacterium evolved with them in a simultaneous process called coevolution."

"It is relatively easy to trace the evolution of S. mutans, since it reproduces through simple cell division," says Caufield, who gathered over 600 samples of the bacterium on six continents over the past two decades. His final analysis focused on over 60 strains of S. mutans collected from Chinese and Japanese; Africans; African-Americans and Hispanics in the United States; Caucasians in the United States, Sweden, and Australia; and Amazon Indians in Brazil and Guyana.

"By tracing the DNA lineages of these strains," Caufield said, "We have constructed an evolutionary family tree with its roots in Africa and its main branch extending to Asia. A second branch, extending from Asia back to Europe, traces the migration of a small group of Asians who founded at least one group of modern-day Caucasians."

Additional branches, tracing the coevolution of humans and bacteria from Asia into North and South America, will be drawn in the next phase of Caufield’s analysis.

Source:New York University

Related biology news :

1. Adding Radiation Therapy To Chemotherapy Improves Survival In Patients With High-risk Breast Cancer
2. New Treatment Rivals Chemotherapy For Lymphoma, Study Finds
3. Bevacizumab Combined With Chemotherapy Improves Progression-Free Survival for Patients With Advanced Breast Cancer
4. Report that delayed motherhood decreases life expectancy of mouse offspring
5. Tendency to hair loss inherited from the mother
6. USC researchers determine mechanism of action of chemotherapy drug
7. Studies clarify risk factors for mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis C virus
8. Mining biotechs data mother lode
9. Gene expression profile helps predict chemotherapy response in ovarian cancer patients
10. Ultrasounds show mothers drinking shrinks fetal brain
11. Hyena mothers give their cubs a helpful dose of hormones

Post Your Comments:

(Date:11/17/2015)... , November 17, 2015 ... au 19 novembre  2015.  --> Paris ... --> DERMALOG, le leader de l,innovation biométrique, ... la fois passeports et empreintes sur la même surface ... les passeports et l,autre pour les empreintes digitales. Désormais, ...
(Date:11/16/2015)... , Nov 16, 2015  Synaptics Inc. ... human interface solutions, today announced expansion of its ... ™ touch controller and display driver integration ... of smartphones. These new TDDI products add to ... (HD resolution), TD4302 (WQHD resolution), and TD4322 (FHD ...
(Date:11/12/2015)... 2015   Growing need for low-cost, easy ... been paving the way for use of biochemical ... analytes in clinical, agricultural, environmental, food and defense ... in medical applications, however, their adoption is increasing ... continuous emphasis on improving product quality and growing ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/1/2015)... Calif. , Dec. 1, 2015 Cepheid ... of its participation at the Piper Jaffray Healthcare Conference ... this morning, the Company is reaffirming its outlook for ... for 2016, in addition to discussing longer term business ... and Chief Executive Officer.  "We continue to be the ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... 01, 2015 , ... The American Society of Gynecologic Laparoscopists, ... Mathews will join fellow surgeons in the shared pursuit of “advancing minimally ... urogynecologist, founder of Plano Urogynecology Associates and Fellow of the American College ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... DUBLIN , December 1, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... the addition of the  "2016 U.K. Virology ... Segment Forecasts for 100 Tests, Supplier Shares ... Opportunities"  report to their offering.  --> ... of the  "2016 U.K. Virology and Bacteriology ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... ... Global Stem Cells Group announced that its scientific team is ... adipose-derived stem cells. The announcement starts a new phase toward launching the simple, quick ... of the lipoaspirate obtained from liposuction of excess adipose tissue. , Lipoaspirate, contains ...
Breaking Biology Technology: