Navigation Links
Alcoholism, smoking and genetics among Plains American Indians

rns," she said. "In societies where regular, daily drinking is the norm, such as in Europe, anxious Met individuals may be more vulnerable to alcoholism through using alcohol as a coping mechanism. In societies where heavy, periodic drinking bouts are the norm, such as in some American Indian tribes, anxious Met individuals may be less likely to participate in this kind of risky behavior and may be protected from alcoholism."

Enoch and her colleagues also found that the Val allele was a risk factor for smoking, but only in women.

For the current study, researchers recruited 342 (201 women, 141 men) community-based Plains American Indians, establishing their lifetime drinking and smoking histories. Additionally, five COMT loci ?including Val158Met ?were genotyped.

"There are three key findings," said Enoch. "One, Plains Indians have very different drinking patterns. Alcoholics drink heavily, but episodically ?yet they still meet the criteria for alcoholism."

Two, she continued, "they have a very different comorbidity. They don't smoke heavily." In statistical terms, although 62 percent of the male alcoholics and 40 percent of the female alcoholics were smokers, only 12 percent of the alcoholic men and eight percent of the alcoholic women smoked heavily.

"And three," she noted, "at least one third are social smokers who never progress to 'real' smoking, they just smoke in social settings. This may be a throwback to the traditional use of tobacco amongst American Indians."

Enoch said that this study shows how there is no such thing as an "alcoholism gene" or "alcoholism allele."

"Here you've got one gene, and in one population one allele of the gene is associated with a disease, alcoholism, yet in another population, the gene's other allele is associated with that disease," she said. "You've really got to look at the gene-environment interaction when you've got a gene like this, with two common vari
'"/>

Source:Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Research shows smoking adds a decade to reproductive age of IVF patients
2. OHSU research shows vitamin C counteracts some negative impacts of smoking on unborn babies
3. Indias smoking gun: Dino-killing eruptions
4. Both alcoholism and chronic smoking can damage the brains prefrontal cortex
5. Researchers test new way to quit smoking
6. Blood test predicts success of quitting smoking using the nicotine patch
7. Quitting smoking improves lung function considerably
8. Cigarette smoking impedes tendon-to-bone healing
9. High HPV concentrations combined with smoking significantly raise risks of cervical cancer
10. Heavy smoking cuts womens chance of pregnancy -- even with donated oocytes
11. The effects of smoking on fractures and ligament injuries
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Alcoholism smoking and genetics among Plains American Indians

(Date:7/10/2014)... Fe, Albuquerque, and other major cities in New Mexico, ... treated municipal wastewater rather than precious potable water supplies. ... 40% of all golf courses receive treated effluent. Reusing ... , Additionally, golf courses and homeowners alike fertilize their ... fertilizer is nitrate. A New Mexico State University turfgrass ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... , June 27, 2014  The American ... National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and ... its academic research and forensic science expert members ... Board is an element of the NIST,s Organization ... are among the first appointments made to the ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... NEW YORK , June 27, 2014 /PRNewswire/ ... against Provectus Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. ("Provectus" or the "Company")(NYSE-MKT: ... action, filed in United States District Court, Middle ... Division, is on behalf of a class consisting ... otherwise acquired Provectus securities between December 17, 2013 ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):'Tailored' water -- the latest in lawn care 2Ten Members of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences Appointed to Forensic Science Standards Board (FSSB) 2Ten Members of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences Appointed to Forensic Science Standards Board (FSSB) 3SHAREHOLDER ALERT: Pomerantz Law Firm Announces the Filing of a Class Action against Provectus Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. and Certain Officers - PVCT 2SHAREHOLDER ALERT: Pomerantz Law Firm Announces the Filing of a Class Action against Provectus Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. and Certain Officers - PVCT 3
... for a University of Alberta paleontology researcher, who after months of ... as a new species of pterosaur, a flying reptile that lived ... stumped when the small piece of jaw bone was first pulled ... A,s paleontology department. "It could have been from a dinosaur, ...
... 4, 2011) − Scientists at the University of Kentucky have ... break up blood clots, speeds up the progress of prion ... plasminogen a promising new target for the development of drugs ... senior author Chongsuk Ryou, a researcher at the UK Sanders-Brown ...
... Lithuania, Jan. 10, 2011 Neurotechnology , ... announced the release of MegaMatcher 4.0 , ... fingerprint, iris, facial and palmprint biometrics in a ... MegaMatcher 4.0, Neurotechnology has incorporated palmprint technology along ...
Cached Biology News:Research identifies drug target for prion diseases, 'mad cow' 2New MegaMatcher 4.0 from Neurotechnology Integrates Fingerprint, Iris, Facial and Palmprint Biometrics In One High-Performance SDK 2New MegaMatcher 4.0 from Neurotechnology Integrates Fingerprint, Iris, Facial and Palmprint Biometrics In One High-Performance SDK 3
(Date:7/10/2014)... 10, 2014 Women in the ... to an additional family planning option. Sayana® Press ... at all levels of the health system and ... a widely used contraceptive—Pfizer’s Depo-Provera® (depot medroxyprogesterone acetate)—with ... is the first of four African countries expected ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... 2014 Product and process impurities ... abundance and are often “lost in the noise,” ... Join presenters Dr. Rowel Tobias, Senior Scientist, Protein ... Head of Quality at Nanotherapeutics, Inc., to lear ... speed detection and quantitation while achieving the required ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... 2014 Deep Knowledge Ventures last ... on ‘Commercialising Longevity Research’ and welcomed a host ... London Bioscience Innovation Center for the event, organised ... Analytics Ltd. The meeting highlighted the need for ... for age-related disease, as well as the crucial ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... Cleveland, Ohio (PRWEB) July 10, 2014 ... in ion channel-expressing cell lines, and the gap that ... new cells that expand its industry-leading portfolio of validated ... focuses on ion channel-expressing cell lines, as ion channels ... able to control this activity creates the potential to ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Injectable Contraceptive Launched in Burkina Faso to Expand Choice and Address Unmet Need 2Injectable Contraceptive Launched in Burkina Faso to Expand Choice and Address Unmet Need 3Injectable Contraceptive Launched in Burkina Faso to Expand Choice and Address Unmet Need 4Injectable Contraceptive Launched in Burkina Faso to Expand Choice and Address Unmet Need 5Injectable Contraceptive Launched in Burkina Faso to Expand Choice and Address Unmet Need 6Novel Ms Techniques Speed Detection of Biopharmaceutical Product and Process Impurities, New Webinar Hosted by Xtalks 2DKV Sponsors Forum on Commercialising Longevity Research; Brings Together Scientists, Investors, Entrepreneurs and Celebrities 2DKV Sponsors Forum on Commercialising Longevity Research; Brings Together Scientists, Investors, Entrepreneurs and Celebrities 3DKV Sponsors Forum on Commercialising Longevity Research; Brings Together Scientists, Investors, Entrepreneurs and Celebrities 4DKV Sponsors Forum on Commercialising Longevity Research; Brings Together Scientists, Investors, Entrepreneurs and Celebrities 5DKV Sponsors Forum on Commercialising Longevity Research; Brings Together Scientists, Investors, Entrepreneurs and Celebrities 6Leader in Ion Channel Research Announces Newly Validated and Re-Engineered Cells 2Leader in Ion Channel Research Announces Newly Validated and Re-Engineered Cells 3
... 13 Nile Therapeutics, Inc.,(Nasdaq: NLTX ), today ... present at the Rodman & Renshaw 5th Annual Global ... at Le Meridian Beach,Plaza Hotel in Monte Carlo, Monaco. ... the status of Nile,s current clinical development,programs., The ...
... Foamix Offers New Intravaginal Foam Technology with Improved Usability & ... ... Israel, May 13 Despite the high incidence,of women,s health conditions ... and ovules, a recent survey,found that an alarming majority of women ...
... with CelVida Yields First Milestone, NEW YORK, May ... pioneering the pre-disease collection, processing and long-term,storage of adult ... a,site has been secured for a new stem cell ... Robin Smith, MD MBA, NeoStem,s Chairman and Chief ...
Cached Biology Technology:Nile Therapeutics to Present at the Rodman & Renshaw 5th Annual Global Healthcare Conference 272% of Women Are Dissatisfied With Their Current Treatment of Vaginal Infection, Survey Finds 2NeoStem to Expand Stem Cell Collection Center Network to Florida 2NeoStem to Expand Stem Cell Collection Center Network to Florida 3
... GC-rich nucleic acids ,The GC-RICH PCR ... and a proofreading polymerase, powers through templates ... with other polymerases and other blends of ... and the unique GC-RICH Resolution Solution combine ...
... Hot Start Taq ... activity before the onset ... nonspecific amplification and primer-dimer ... is raised, the antibody ...
B-FABP (FL-132)...
Roll of Mesh 5m x 25cm...
Biology Products: