Navigation Links
A new understanding of how cells defend themselves against bacterial pore-forming toxins

Biologists at the EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne) have unveiled a new twist in a metabolic pathway that cells use to defend themselves against toxins made by disease-causing bacteria.

The discovery of this pathway, published in the September 22 issue of the journal Cell, advances our understanding of how cells mount a survival response when attacked by bacteria and parasites and also gives insight into the more general process of cell membrane biogenesis.

Bacteria and parasites often use special toxins to perforate the membranes of target cells. These pore-forming toxins are a key weapon in the attack arsenal of some common and virulent bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus, well-known for its role in hospital-acquired infections, Streptococcus pneumonie, responsible for middle ear infections and pneumonia, and Helicobacter pylori, implicated in ulcers. Pore-forming toxins compose about a quarter of all known protein toxins that increase the infectivity and severity of bacterial diseases.

Once the toxin perforates the host membrane, ions begin to leak out of the cell. Sensing a drop in its potassium concentration, the cell reacts by forming a multi-protein complex known as an inflammasome. Scientists know that inflammasomes act like a sort of roving security force inside the cell, detecting a variety of danger signals such as bacterial RNA or bits of bacterial flagellin. The inflammasomes join together and activate a protein, caspase-1, that in turn triggers an inflammatory response.

Van der Goot and her colleagues found that in addition to its normal role as a signal for inflammatory response, caspase-1 also triggers the cell's central regulators for membrane synthesis, launching a bout of lipid metabolism. This previously undetected part of the response pathway has important implications for cell survival.

The Swiss team studied the pathway by using RNA interference to silence genes involved. Interr
'"/>

Source:Ecole Polytechnique F茅d茅rale de Lausanne


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. UCSB scientists probe sea floor venting to gain understanding of early life on Earth
2. Zebrafish may hold key to understanding human nerve cell development
3. Novel ultrafast laser detection of cancer cells also may improve understanding of stem cells
4. Researchers make gains in understanding antibiotic resistance
5. Brain-mapping technique aids understanding of sleep, wakefulness
6. New understanding of DNA repair may pave way to cancer treatments
7. NYU and MSKCC research provides model for understanding chemically induced cancer initiation
8. Virologists make major step towards understanding the process of HIV infection
9. New understanding of cell movement may yield ways to brake cancers spread
10. Proteomics brings researchers closer to understanding microbes that produce acid mine drainage
11. New understanding of jet lag
Post Your Comments:
(Date:1/22/2015)...  BellBrook Labs, a leader in high throughput screening ... a TR-FRET (time resolved Forster resonance energy transfer) ... high throughput screening assay for glycosyltransferases and other ... sensitive detection of hundreds of human and microbial ...
(Date:1/22/2015)...  Analyst Report Issued by Small Cap IR. In 2011, Nilson ... transactions at merchants on the leading payment cards rose to ... debit, and prepaid cards reached 6.54 billion.  Eight million credit ... usage in 2012, and credit and debit card fraud resulted ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... CHARLOTTE, N.C. , Jan. 22, 2015 Infinisource has ... introduction of the G2 model. The G2 sets a higher ... company,s iSolved human capital management solution. With plug-and-play installation, touch ... G2 time clock provides a robust time collection solution for ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):BellBrook Labs Launches a High Throughput Screening Assay for Glycosyltransferases with TR-FRET Readout 2$4.80 Near Term Price Target with "Buy" given by CapRock Research for NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD) issued by Small Cap IR 2Infinisource's NXG series sets new time clock standard 2
... NEWTOWN SQUARE, Pennsylvania, September 27, 2011 An ... U.S. Forest Service,s Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program ... eastern United States is increasing despite infestations of hemlock ... The information comes from an e-Science Update co-authored by ...
... ROUGE A research team led by LSU Associate Professors ... the results of a combined field and laboratory study showing ... living in Louisiana marshes. , The study, funded ... the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative is being published in ...
... ... Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE). The award ... scientists and engineers in the early stages of their careers. ... significant award," said Jane Lubchenco, Ph.D., under secretary of commerce for ...
Cached Biology News:US Forest Service study finds hemlock still abundant despite adelgid infestation 2LSU researchers find impact of oil spill in marsh fish species 2President to honor high achieving, early career NOAA scientists 2
(Date:1/22/2015)... , 22 de enero de 2015  El Dr. ... su llamada a nominaciones para 2015. Este prestigioso premio ... o tiene el potencial para hacer, contribuciones destacadas para ... aceptarán hasta el 15 de marzo de 2015 a ...
(Date:12/25/2014)... The report “Service Quality Management and ... Provider Type - Global Advancements, Worldwide Forecasts & Analysis ... analysis and forecasting of revenues. , Browse 152 ... and in-depth TOC on “Service Quality Management (SQM) and ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... “Preparative & Process Chromatography Market by Instrument ... Buffers, Valves, Guages, Seals), Accessories, Services, End User ... 2019” provides a detailed overview of the major ... strategies impacting the preparative and process chromatography market ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... New York (PRWEB) December 23, 2014 According ... the Long Island Affiliate of ITRA Global, the national office ... but steady recovery. This is evidenced by the third ... strong stock market. Low energy costs have held inflation ...
Breaking Biology Technology:El Dr. Paul Janssen Award for Biomedical Research emite su llamada a los nominados para 2015 2El Dr. Paul Janssen Award for Biomedical Research emite su llamada a los nominados para 2015 3El Dr. Paul Janssen Award for Biomedical Research emite su llamada a los nominados para 2015 4Service Quality Management Market worth $2.1 Billion & Telco Customer Experience Management Market worth $2.3 Billion by 2019 – New Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Service Quality Management Market worth $2.1 Billion & Telco Customer Experience Management Market worth $2.3 Billion by 2019 – New Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Service Quality Management Market worth $2.1 Billion & Telco Customer Experience Management Market worth $2.3 Billion by 2019 – New Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Preparative and Process Chromatography Market is expected to reach $9 billion by 2019 - New Report by Marketsandmarkets 2Preparative and Process Chromatography Market is expected to reach $9 billion by 2019 - New Report by Marketsandmarkets 3Preparative and Process Chromatography Market is expected to reach $9 billion by 2019 - New Report by Marketsandmarkets 4ITRA Global Reports Long Island Is Out of Sync With The National Office Market 2ITRA Global Reports Long Island Is Out of Sync With The National Office Market 3
... Calif., July 8 Epeius Biotechnologies,Corporation today announced ... the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for ... the rarity,seriousness, and current lack of effective therapies ... medicinal merit of Rexin-G, the,granting of Orphan Drug ...
... , ... St. Louis, MO (PRWEB) July 8, 2008 -– In a new ... describes the process of food biotechnology, as well as the safety and ... on a daily basis make numerous decisions about the food they eat. ...
... NorthPoint Domain, an IC Sciences,company, announced ... (BMC),Cardiovascular Center to apply advanced Internet patient ... Also known as,"medical informatics instruments" (MIIs), these ... informational and interactive tools that involve,patients and ...
Cached Biology Technology:Epeius Biotechnologies' Tumor-Targeted Rexin-G Receives FDA Orphan Drug Designation for the Treatment of Osteosarcoma 2Dietitian Mary Lee Chin Comments on Proven Value and Safety of Food Biotechnology in New Online Video 2Dietitian Mary Lee Chin Comments on Proven Value and Safety of Food Biotechnology in New Online Video 3Dietitian Mary Lee Chin Comments on Proven Value and Safety of Food Biotechnology in New Online Video 4NorthPoint Domain and Boston Medical Center Partner to Apply Advanced Patient Engagement Instruments to Pioneering Cardiac Robotic Surgery Program 2NorthPoint Domain and Boston Medical Center Partner to Apply Advanced Patient Engagement Instruments to Pioneering Cardiac Robotic Surgery Program 3
Four siRNAs targeting your gene of interest, providing gene silencing with 100% satisfaction guaranteed High knockdown potency , High specificity for minimal off-target effects , Flexible siR...
... PHD2000 syringe pump series combines Harvard Apparatuss best ... and a wide range of configuration options. A ... dimensions of syringes from all the major manufacturers. ... all the pertinent information from across the lab. ...
... are used for heterologous protein expression in the ... S2 cell line was derived from a primary ... Drosophila melanogaster embryos (1). This versatile ... CO2 and is easily adapted to suspension culture. ...
... Harvard Apparatuss best pump mechanism, a well thought ... configuration options. A lookup table in the pumps ... the major manufacturers. A bright, two line display ... across the lab. All models have RS-232 and ...
Biology Products: