Navigation Links
A new tool against brain disease

ssion, the higher the patient's viral load and the lower the count of helper T cells, said Walker.

When they compared PD-1 activation in blood samples from four patients before and after antiviral therapy, they found that PD-1 expression dropped when treatment began. "It became very clear from this analysis that the virus was actually driving these high levels of PD-1 expression, and that you could actually change the PD-1 level by getting rid of the viral antigen with drugs," said Walker. An antigen is a protein on a virus or other infectious agent that triggers an immune reaction.

Walker said one of the team's key findings emerged from their test tube studies showing that blocking the PD-1 pathway could restore the function of exhausted killer T cells. "We wanted to determine whether these T cells had been irreparably damaged or misprogrammed," he said. "And we found that they are capable of functioning; they've just been turned off."

Similarly, the researchers also found that blocking PD-1 restored helper T cell function. "This was the most striking finding, because the majority of patients we have studied had no detectable levels of these HIV-specific cells; but as soon as we blocked the PD-1 pathway, they had a ton of them," said Walker.

The researchers' discoveries could lead to immediate clinical application, although Walker cautioned against over-optimism. "Obviously, the big question is whether you could manipulate this pathway in HIV-infected people to turn these T cells back on and better control the virus," he said. "And drugs to block this pathway have already been developed for cancer, so that question should be able to be addressed in the very near future.

"However, one has to proceed with real caution, because if you turn back on an immune regulatory switch that the body has decided to turn off, you could trigger serious immunological problems such as
'"/>

Source:leesiegel@ucomm.utah.edu


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Enzyme, lost in most mammals, is shown to protect against UV-induced skin cancer
2. Bound for destruction: Ubiquitination protects against improper Notch signaling
3. Female sex hormones play a vital role in defense against sexually transmitted diseases
4. In the sea slugs defense against lobsters, confusion is key
5. Antibodies from plants protect against anthrax
6. Molecular models advance the fight against malaria
7. Sickle cell and protection against malaria
8. Live vaccines more effective against horse herpes virus
9. Turning viruses into allies against cancer
10. Friendly bacteria in humans may protect against HIV
11. NSAID drug protects against intestinal tumors in mice, despite poor diet and gene losses
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: new tool against brain disease

(Date:7/25/2014)... is a complex congenital central nervous system disease ... the neural tubes during the embryonic phase. Many ... fecal incontinence and neurocognitive retardation. Such problems decrease ... life. Researchers at Ankara Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ... performance in children with SB, using the Pediatric ...
(Date:7/25/2014)... girls reach puberty is influenced by ,imprinted genes,a subset of ... gene. This is the first evidence that imprinted genes ... of this study were published today in the journal ... menarche, is a marker for the timing of puberty in ... varies between girls, is an inherited trait, and is linked ...
(Date:7/25/2014)... a molecular testing panel developed at UPMC greatly ... surgery for patients with thyroid nodules and cancer, ... Institute (UPCI), partner with UPMC CancerCenter., The test, ... other diagnostic testing agencies, improved the chances of ... percent, according to the study published this month ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Could age of first period influence development of diseases in older women? 2Test increases odds of correct surgery for thyroid cancer patients 2Test increases odds of correct surgery for thyroid cancer patients 3
... European College of Neuropsychopharmacology (ECNP) is pleased to ... 2009 ECNP Neuropsychopharmacology Award in Basic Science Research ... into the neurochemical basis of substance addiction. ... in the field of neuropsychopharmacology and its closely ...
... Researchers have made significant advances in the treatment of metastatic ... treat successfully once it has started to spread according ... congress, ECCO 15 ESMO 34 [1], in Berlin on ... seen rapid and dramatic shrinking of metastatic tumours in patients ...
... research team at the National Institute of Standards and ... possible cancer therapy has uncovered a delicate balancing act ... says they should be. Just like individuals in a ... because they get close together, but not too close. ...
Cached Biology News:Trial of new treatment for advanced melanoma shows rapid shrinking of tumors 2Trial of new treatment for advanced melanoma shows rapid shrinking of tumors 3Therapeutic nanoparticles give new meaning to sugar-coating medicine 2
(Date:7/25/2014)... Sinovac Biotech Ltd. (Nasdaq: SVA ), a leading ... today announced that it will release its unaudited financial results ... close on Thursday, August 14, 2014 EDT. The Company will ... Friday, August 15, 2014, at 8:00 a.m. EDT (Friday, August ... the Company,s financial results and provide an update on recent ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... July 24, 2014 -- A novel combination of microscopy ... of Energy,s Oak Ridge National Laboratory an unprecedented look ... unusual physical and electrochemical properties. , The research ... affects the surface of a perovskite manganite, a complex ... new avenue to understand surface behavior could benefit researchers ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... , July 24, 2014  Now available is a ... Rehealth Regenerative Therapies , located in ... physically active people a new health option: stem ... of age, countless patients suffer from joint and muscle ... as muscle tears, torn rotator cuff, tennis elbow, and ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... -- ECC West Africa, LLC (ECC) signed a contract in ... Hospital (UCH) Ibadan Board of Management for the first ... and operate and maintain a new, state-of-the-art Cancer Institute ... first of the 4-phase project, ECC will conduct feasibility ... Ibadan intends to finance and develop the Cancer Institute ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Sinovac to Host Conference Call to Report Second Quarter 2014 Unaudited Financial Results 2ORNL study reveals new characteristics of complex oxide surfaces 2Stem Cells In Sports Injuries, Joints And Muscular Pain 2Stem Cells In Sports Injuries, Joints And Muscular Pain 3ECC Signs a Contract for the Finance, Design, and Construction of a Premier Cancer Institute in Ibadan, Nigeria 2
... Researcher Appreciation Event ... ... PHOENIX, Oct. 3 ThirdBiotech Inc., http://www.thirdbiotech.com, a biotechnology incubator ... Appreciation Event to be held on Thursday, October 23rd, 2008,between noon and ...
... http://www.amdl.com ),AMDL, Inc. (Amex: ADL ), a leading ... the US, today announced that the,Company will present at ... on Tuesday, October 7, 2008 at 10:30 a.m. ET. ... York Hotel in the Morosco Room., The Maxim ...
... Support R&D Efforts and Clinical Trials Advancing,the ... Oct. 3 Micromet, Inc. (Nasdaq:,MITI) ("Micromet" ... proprietary antibodies for the treatment of cancer, ... has closed its previously,announced $40 million private ...
Cached Biology Technology:First Annual Arizona Biotech Day Announced for October 23rd 2008 2First Annual Arizona Biotech Day Announced for October 23rd 2008 3AMDL, Inc. to Present at Maxim Group Growth Conference October 7, 2008 2AMDL, Inc. to Present at Maxim Group Growth Conference October 7, 2008 3Micromet Closes $40 Million Private Equity Placement 2Micromet Closes $40 Million Private Equity Placement 3Micromet Closes $40 Million Private Equity Placement 4
... It has been demonstrated that oxidative stress ... and cancer. Oxidative stress is the condition ... and physiological antioxidants exist leading to the ... response to oxidative stress is through several ...
... Human Serum-Single Donor • Human serum is ... found to be negative by a test ... Antibodies to Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Anti-HIV 1/2), ... Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HbsAg) and Non-reactive ...
... Clean-up Micro Kit provides a fast and simple ... X-100 and other detergents from small samples of ... patented protein resin as an ion exchanger. Each ... of either acidic or basic protein.A complete kit ...
Compound(s) screened through any number of client selected assays. Client also selects number of concentrations and replicates....
Biology Products: