In the PLoS Medicine analysis, which is based upon a 100-page report financed by the Wellcome Trust, Mary Moran of the London School of Economics found that around three-quarters of these projects are conducted under the umbrella of drug development Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs). Thirteen of them have already reached clinical trial stage and two are awaiting regulatory approval (rectal artesunate for malaria, and paromomycin for visceral leishmaniasis). These PPP-driven projects should result in six or seven new drug registrations in the next five years.
Research by Dr Moran and her colleagues has shown that PPPs have been a critical driver of this considerable increase in activity, and that the PPP approach brings together the best skills of both public and private partners. This model consequently performs better than either sector working alone when it comes to delivering safe, effective, affordable drugs for neglected diseases.
In a linked editorial, entitled "A New Era of Hope for the World's Most Neglected Diseases", the PLoS Medicine editors argue that Moran's findings are one of several indicators that the world is finally taking action against these diseases.
For example, the Gleneagles Communiqué arising out of this year's G8 summit specifically called for increased investment to encourage the development of tools for neglected-disease control.
Citation: Moran M (2005) A breakthrough in R&D for neglected diseases: New ways to get the drugs we need. PLoS Med 2(9): e302.