Navigation Links
The secret to longevity in tubeworms

With an incredible lifespan of up to 250 years the deep sea tube worm, Lamellibrachia luymesi is among the longest-lived of all animals, but how it obtains sufficient nutrient ?in the form of sulfide - to keep going for this long has been a mystery. In a paper just published in the premier open-access online journal PLoS Biology, Erik Cordes and colleagues now provide a solution: by releasing its waste sulfate not up into the ocean but down into the sediments, L. luymesi stimulates the growth of sulfide-producing microbes, and ensures its own long-term survival.

The sulfide this worm needs is created by a consortium of bacteria and archaea that live in the deep sea cold sediments surrounding the seep where the worm lives. These chemoautotrophs use energy from hydrocarbons to reduce sulfate to sulfide, which L. luymesi absorbs through its unique "roots," extensions of its body that it tunnels into the sediments. However, current measurements of sulfide and sulfate fluxes in the water near the vents do not match the observed tubeworm colony size and individual longevity, leading Cordes et al. to propose that L. luymesi also uses its roots to release sulfate back to the microbial consortia from which it draws its sulfide. Without this return of sulfate, the model predicts an average lifespan of only 39 years in a colony of 1,000 individuals; with it, survival increases to over 250 years, matching the longevity of actual living tubeworms.

To date, the proposed return of sulfate to the sediments through the roots is only a hypothesis--albeit one with much to support it--that still awaits direct confirmation. By providing a model in which this hypothetical interaction provides real benefits and explains real observations, the authors hope to stimulate further research into the biology of the enigmatic and beautiful L. luymesi.

###

Citation: Cordes EE, Arthur MA, Shea K, Arvidson RS, Fisher CR (2005) Modeling the mutualistic interactions betw een tubeworms and microbial consortia. PLoS Biol 3(3): e77.


'"/>

Source:PLoS Biology


Related biology news :

1. Protein discovery could unlock the secret to better TB treatment
2. UWs Rosetta software to unlock secrets of many human proteins
3. The secret lives of whales
4. Scientists reveal molecular secrets of the malaria parasite
5. Scientists journey to southern Africa to unravel the secret world of elephant communication
6. Marine sponge yields nanoscale secrets
7. Climatologists discover deep-sea secret
8. Researchers reveal secrets of flying snakes
9. Researchers reveal secret of key protein in brain and heart function
10. Study: Well-known protein helps stem cells become secretory cells
11. New tool reveals secrets of migrating cells
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/6/2017)... 6, 2017 Mintigo , the ... announced Predictive Sales Coach TM , its new ... intelligence into Salesforce. This unique AI application will ... organizations with deep knowledge of their customers and ... engagement. Predictive Sales Coach extends Mintigo,s existing customer ...
(Date:3/2/2017)... -- Australian stem cell and regenerative medicine company, ... agreement with the Monash Lung Biology Network, a consortia ... Department of Pharmacology at Monash University, Melbourne ... support the use of Cymerus™ mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) ... is a chronic, long term lung condition recognised by ...
(Date:2/28/2017)...  EyeLock LLC, ein marktführendes Unternehmen im Bereich ... Lösung zur Iris-Erkennung auf der neuesten Mobilplattform ... dem Mobile World Congress 2017 (27. Februar ... 3, Stand 3E10, vorstellen. Der ... – eine Kombination aus Hardware, Software und ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)...   Sienna Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. , a privately held, ... Richard Peterson will join the company as ... who brings more than two decades of global financial ... retiring at the end of April but will continue ... Sienna from Novan, Inc., where he served as Chief ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... AxioMed president, Jake Lubinski, describes the AxioMed ... deformed, which is identical to how the human discs work to distribute force. ... to its natural state along a hysteresis curve, exactly like a healthy human ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... DUBLIN , Mar 23, 2017 ... "Biorefinery Products: Global Markets" report to their offering. ... The ... from $466.6 Billion in 2016 at a CAGR of 8.9%, ... of energetic and non-energetic bioproducts into seven major product segments: ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... March 23, 2017  SeraCare Life Sciences, ... in vitro diagnostics manufacturers and clinical laboratories, ... first multiplexed Inherited Cancer reference material ... by next-generation sequencing (NGS). The Seraseq™ Inherited Cancer ... input from industry experts to validate the ...
Breaking Biology Technology: