Navigation Links
$5.1 billion would save 6 million children

Six million children could be saved if $5.1 billion in new resources for preventive and therapeutic interventions were provided each year, according to researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and other institutions. Approximately 90 percent of all child deaths occur in 42 countries around the world. In those countries, the average cost per child saved would be $887 or $1.23 per capita. With the recent publication of the potential impact of proven interventions that are feasible to deliver in low-income settings to children younger than age 5 years, this is the first time the global cost of implementing child survival programs could be estimated. The study is published in the June 25, 2005, issue of The Lancet.

"Achieving the Millennium Development Goal for child survival is clearly affordable. Protecting child health should be the priority for countries with the highest rates of child death and for international donors. The biggest challenges are increasing the delivery of health services and the lack of readily available funds," said Robert E. Black, MD, MPH, corresponding author of the study and chair of the Bloomberg School of Public Health's Department of International Health.

One of the United Nations-based Millennium Development Goals is to reduce child mortality by two-thirds by 2015. Past studies completed by Black and his colleagues found that two-thirds of the almost 11 million child deaths worldwide could be prevented with existing knowledge and treatments. In order to decrease child death rates, adequate funding must be available to provide comprehensive child survival interventions to the areas that need them most, according to the study authors.

The researchers compiled child survival interventions previously shown to reduce mortality from the major causes of death in children younger than age 5 years. They focused on preventive interventions that could be put in place during 18 visits with a primary care provider from one month before birth until the child reaches age five. In their cost analysis, the researchers also ensured that treatment for the major causes of child death were available to all children who needed them. Universal coverage levels from 2000 for drugs and other materials, delivery of treatment, program management and support were calculated to obtain the average cost to save a child's life. The cost of some of the interventions, such as vaccines to prevent infection with Haemophilus influenzae type b, may drop substantially as more extensive use reduces the price.

According to the study authors, full implementation of preventive interventions would reduce the current annual cost of treatment by over 60 percent, due to the projected reduction in child illnesses. Furthermore, the delivery of integrated preventive and therapeutic services would be far more efficient than parallel delivery of each intervention separately.

"The focus is on community-based resources, which decrease costs since building hospitals and other fixed resources isn't necessary. It is our hope that policymakers, donors and governments will use our price estimates to strengthen their health systems. If they don't, 16,000 children will continue to die each day as a result," said Jennifer Bryce, EdD, lead author of the study.

This study follows a series of articles by Black, Bryce and their colleagues, published by The Lancet starting in June 2003, which examines the means to reduce global child mortality. They found that at least 6 million child deaths worldwide could be prevented with existing interventions to prevent and treat pneumonia, diarrhea, malaria, neonatal sepsis, preterm delivery and asphyxia at birth, disorders that annually cause almost three-quarters of child deaths worldwide. The researchers calculate that a two-thirds reduction in child death can be accomplished by new resources that are easily within the capability of low-income countr ies and their international development partners.

"Can the world afford to save the lives of 6 million children each year" was co-authored by Jennifer Bryce, Robert E. Black, Neff Walker, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Joy E. Lawn and Richard W. Steketee.


'"/>

Source:Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health


Related biology news :

1. Tiny particles could solve billion-dollar problem
2. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment: Many of 2 billion dryland dwellers at risk as land degrades
3. Virginia Tech, Nanjing Institute researchers discover half-billion year-old fossils
4. Dead zone summer killed billions of ocean state mussels
5. Value of services performed by insects tops $57 billion in US
6. UCLA scientists strengthen case for life more than 3.8 billion years ago
7. President Bushs cut to AIDS prevention in Africa would be devastating
8. Ethical guidelines suggested for research that would put human stem cells in primates
9. Proposal would allow wild animals to roam North America
10. Cookbook recipes would cure disease with nontoxic DNA delivery systems
11. New discovery: If it werent for this enzyme, decomposing pesticide would take millennia
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/2/2017)... Feb. 2, 2017  EyeLock LLC, a market leader ... white paper " What You Should Know About Biometrics ... ensuring user authenticity is a growing concern. In traditional ... users. However, traditional authentication schemes such as username/password suffer ... Biometric authentication offers an elegant solution to the problem ...
(Date:1/31/2017)... Jan. 31, 2017  Spero Therapeutics, LLC, a ... the treatment of bacterial infections, today announced it ... candidates from Pro Bono Bio Ltd (PBB) to ... multi-drug resistant forms of Gram-negative bacteria.   The assets ... Ltd, a PBB group company. "The ...
(Date:1/26/2017)...  Acuity Market Intelligence today released the 2017 ...  Acuity characterizes 2017 as a "breakout" year for ... a new understanding of the potential benefits these ... identity are often perceived as threats to privacy ... of Acuity Market intelligence. "However, taken together these ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/23/2017)... it seems everyone has a chance to express their personalities. ... and dynamic community unlike any other. The businesses that succeed ... With their newest salon in Dunwoody ... that tradition with a unique, fresh approach to head lice ... newest of 13 nationwide locations, each of them well-situated in ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... ... novo clearance to begin marketing the SPEAC® System, the Brain Sentinel® Seizure Monitoring ... home or in healthcare facilities during periods of rest. A lightweight, non-invasive monitor ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... , ... February 23, 2017 , ... ... (such as insulin, cortisol, CRP, adiponectin, uric acid, and/or other biomarkers or SNPs ... Insulin Assay from Salimetrics’ SalivaLab , the relationship between insulin and other ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... SAN DIEGO , Feb. 23, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... protein research tools, announced the acquisition of GenWay ... with a comprehensive service and product offering for ... "This acquisition will facilitate growth and enhance capabilities ... proteins, antibodies, and ELISA assays will nicely complement ...
Breaking Biology Technology: