Navigation Links
mTOR: A key brain signaling mechanism for rapidly acting antidepressants
Date:11/19/2013

Philadelphia, PA, November 19, 2013 Two years ago, mammalian target of rapamycin or mTOR, a signaling protein, was identified as a key mediator of the antidepressant effects of ketamine, the first rapidly acting antidepressant medication to be identified.

Several years later, a group at the National Institutes of Mental Health Intramural Program reported that scopolamine, a muscarinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist, also produced rapidly appearing antidepressant effects, similar to the actions of ketamine.

Together these findings represent one of the most significant advances in the field of depression in recent years.

Now, new results reported in the current issue of Biological Psychiatry by researchers at the Yale University School of Medicine demonstrate that scopolamine causes rapid activation of mTOR signaling and increased number of synaptic connections in the prefrontal cortex.

The prefrontal cortex is an important brain region, involved in executive and cognitive functioning, decision-making, planning, and the expression of personality. It is also implicated in the pathophysiology and treatment of depression.

"These effects are similar to the actions of ketamine, showing that two drugs with completely different receptor blocking profiles have common downstream actions linked to rapid antidepressant responses," said Dr. Ronald Duman, senior author on the project. "Moreover, the increase in synaptic connections reverses the deficit caused by stress and depression and thereby reinstates the normal control of mood and emotion."

"It would be very important to know if all of the new generation of rapidly acting antidepressant medications acted through a final common signaling pathway within neurons. This knowledge might guide insights into why some patients fail to respond to available antidepressants and provide directions for treating depression," said Dr. John Krystal, Editor of Biological Psychiatry.

The authors agree, noting that these findings suggest that different muscarinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist may be even more effective and cause fewer side effects than scopolamine. Further studies of such agents are already underway.


'/>"/>

Contact: Rhiannon Bugno
Biol.Psych@utsouthwestern.edu
214-648-0880
Elsevier
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Nurture impacts nature: Experiences leave genetic mark on brain, behavior
2. SIGNAL found to enhance survival of new brain cells
3. Exercise during pregnancy gives newborn brain development a head start
4. OHSU Vollum Institute research gives new insight into how antidepressants work in the brain
5. Allen Institute for Brain Science partners with imec for development of next-generation tools
6. Brain may play key role in blood sugar metabolism and development of diabetes
7. Brain structure in post-traumatic stress disorder
8. Lasers might be the cure for brain diseases such as Alzheimers and Parkinsons
9. Did brain tumor stem cells originate from malignant neural stem cells?
10. Snakes on the brain: Are primates hard-wired to see snakes?
11. How problems with an Alzheimers protein can jam up traffic in the brain
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/29/2017)... , March 29, 2017  higi, the health ... in North America , today announced ... and the acquisition of EveryMove. The new investment and ... set of tools to transform population health activities through ... lifestyle data. higi collects and secures data ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... DUBLIN , Mar 24, 2017 Research ... Vehicle Access System Market Analysis & Trends - Industry Forecast to ... ... poised to grow at a CAGR of around 15.1% over the ... This industry report analyzes the market estimates and forecasts for ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... YORK , March 21, 2017 ... Marketing Cloud used by retailers such as 1-800-Flowers ... its platform — Product Recommendations and Replenishment. Using Optimove,s ... give more personalized product and replenishment recommendations to ... but also on predictions of customer intent drawn ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/26/2017)... , April 26, 2017  Genisphere LLC, ... platform, has signed a collaborative and sponsored research ... Silvia Muro . The overall goal of ... pharmacodynamics of various 3DNA designs and formulations after ... targeting diseases of the vasculature as well as ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... Diego, CA (PRWEB) , ... April 25, 2017 ... ... division of L3 Healthcare, is pleased to announce the company is now a ... management. The iMedNet software certification enables the company’s clinical research team to ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... April 25, 2017 , ... ... Services and Metrology Partners.     , Covalent’s Analytical Services unit provides high-quality ... can be measured within 24 hours of receipt. There are no price premiums, ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... -- Dante Labs announced today the offer of whole genome sequencing ... American individuals have been able to access WGS at $1,000, ... below EUR 1,000. The sequencing includes bioinformatics analysis ... make informed decisions about disease monitoring, prevention, nutrition, exercise, health ... ...
Breaking Biology Technology: