Navigation Links
Zoonotic diseases and global viral pandemics
Date:2/17/2014

Emergence of new microbes

While many endemic infectious diseases of humans have been largely contained, new microbes continue to emerge to threaten human and animal health. Such emerging infectious diseases are not confined to humans and their livestock but extend to wildlife ecosystems; the finely-tuned dynamic balance of which is destabilised by human interventions. The changes in the scale and manner of livestock production and marketing, the increase of global travel and trade including the trade in domestic livestock as well as the pet animal trade, the increasing encroachment into stable ecosystems and ecological changes, all contribute to novel disease emergence. Over two-third of novel emerging pathogens are zoonotic in origin. Because of their higher intrinsic mutation rates and adaptability in crossing species barriers, RNA viruses are the cause of many of these novel emerging infections.

Economic Impacts

In addition to their impacts on human health, such novel emerging pathogens often have huge economic, social, and sometimes political consequences. Recent examples are the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, SARS (estimated global economic impact was US$42 billion), the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, MERS, the H1N1 pandemic of 2009, the highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 (global impact US$20 billion up to 2009), the avian influenza H7N9, the Nipah virus and (though not a virus) the Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy, BSE (US$16 billion within UK alone).

Detection, Response and Prevention

While many of these have arisen in Asia, such outbreaks may arise anywhere (e.g. BSE in UK, pandemic H1N1 2009 in North America). Early detection and response is crucial for effective disease containment or mitigation. Bio-surveillance for unusual disease events (unusual disease patterns or clusters of cases) is important to target diagnostic efforts. Networks such as GOARN and Promed have
'/>"/>

Contact: Grace Ng
gracesk@hku.hk
852-281-99995
University of Hong Kong Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. GW researcher finds connection in pathogenesis of neurological diseases, HIV
2. Thousands of unvaccinated adults die each year from preventable diseases
3. Newly discovered signaling pathway could impact a variety of autoinflammatory diseases
4. Researchers reverse some lung diseases in mice by coaxing production of healthy cells
5. Important discovery for the diagnosis of genetic diseases
6. IOF-ESCEO congress will focus on advances in the management of musculoskeletal diseases
7. 2014 ASM Biodefense and Emerging Diseases Research Meeting
8. New compound could reverse loss of muscle mass in cancer and other diseases
9. New target identified for preventing bone destruction in diseases such as arthritis and cancer
10. New compound for slowing the aging process can lead to novel treatments for brain diseases
11. Manufacturing a new gut to treat GI diseases
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/17/2014)... Va. , Dec. 15, 2014 ... to make it easier to detect and prevent ... Today the agency started performing an ... capability will validate the authenticity of purchased microcircuits ... The new quality control measures will be conducted ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... 16, 2014 Research and Markets ... the "Global Chemical Sensor Market 2015-2019" ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 One major trend ... for medical sensors in biomedical applications. Chemical sensors ... and correct diagnosis during surgical procedures. The Global ...
(Date:12/11/2014)... Research and Markets , ... http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/twhjll/biometrics_market ) has announced the addition of the ...  report to their offering. One ... in technology. With continuous advances in technology, it ... latest standard that meets the needs and expectations ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Defense Logistics Agency Launches DNA Marking Capability to Strengthen Microcircuit Supply Chain 2Defense Logistics Agency Launches DNA Marking Capability to Strengthen Microcircuit Supply Chain 3Global Chemical Sensor Market 2015-2019: Key Vendors are Abbott Laboratories, Bayer, Hoffmann La-Roche, Johnson & Johnson, NGK Spark Plugs and Robert Bosch 2Biometrics Market in the APAC Region 2015-2019: Key Vendors are 3M Cogent, NEC, Safran and Suprema 2
... , BIRMINGHAM, Ala. A new study at the University ... and abdominal obesity, which has been linked to an increased ... that in a sample of young adults during a 15-year ... gained weight at a faster rate than others in the ...
... -- CoLucid Pharmaceuticals, Inc., ("CoLucid"), an innovative biotechnology ... disorders, today announced that its investigational first-in-class Neurally ... COL-144), a selective 5-HT1F receptor agonist, was effective ... as documented in a Phase IIb study. Results ...
... the 2010 International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases (ICEID), ... Regency, Atlanta, Georgia. The meeting is being organized ... the American Society for Microbiology, the Council of State ... and the World Health Organization. The International Conference ...
Cached Biology News:UAB study confirms link between depression, abdominal obesity 2CoLucid Pharmaceuticals, Inc. announces study data documenting oral efficacy of lasmiditan (COL-144), a selective 5-HT1F receptor agonist, in the treatment of acute migraine attacks 22010 International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases 2
(Date:12/17/2014)... (PRWEB) December 17, 2014 Gene ... that it has entered into a technology access ... (ADM) to apply DNA2.0’s proprietary protein engineering technology, ... process. , “We are extremely excited that the ... platform. This proprietary bioengineering technology has now ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... SOUTH SAN FRANCISCO, Calif. , Dec. 17, ... positive results of a Phase 2 study evaluating ... for the treatment of patients with severe, chronic ... the current standard of care, including topical steroids ... endpoint was percent change in Visual Analog Scale ...
(Date:12/15/2014)...  GlassesOff Inc. (OTCBB: GLSO) announced today the appointment ... director of the Company,s Board of Directors. ... its CEO until its acquisition by Stanley Black ... Recognized as the inventor of the first Wi-Fi-based Active ... -based RFID solutions focused on improving operational efficiency, safety ...
(Date:12/13/2014)... (PRWEB) December 12, 2014 Clarassance, a ... announced its new name: Therabron Therapeutics , Inc. ... and bronchioles (a type of structure in the lungs ... company’s mission to develop novel protein therapeutics for the ... directors decided to change the name to mark the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:ADM and DNA2.0 Enter Into Protein Engineering Technology Access and Service Agreement 2Velocity Pharmaceutical Development, LLC and Tigercat Pharma, Inc. Announce Phase 2 Results for VPD-737 in Patients With Chronic Pruritus 2Velocity Pharmaceutical Development, LLC and Tigercat Pharma, Inc. Announce Phase 2 Results for VPD-737 in Patients With Chronic Pruritus 3Velocity Pharmaceutical Development, LLC and Tigercat Pharma, Inc. Announce Phase 2 Results for VPD-737 in Patients With Chronic Pruritus 4AeroScout Founder Joins GlassesOff's Board of Directors 2AeroScout Founder Joins GlassesOff's Board of Directors 3Maryland-based Biotech Company's Path Forward in Treating Respiratory Diseases Sparks Name Change 2
... Since the cloning of Dolly the Sheep over a decade ... promising way to generate human, patient-specific stem cells for therapeutic ... efforts to substitute animal oocytes. However, a new study published ... 2009 issue of Cloning and Stem Cells , a ...
... its 20 years of experience as a leader in ... is offering free microbial identification testing , along ... attendees visiting the Microtest exhibit, #828, at MD&M West ... range of laboratory testing and validation services - and ...
... WALTHAM, Mass., Feb. 2 Repligen Corporation (Nasdaq: ... and Chief Executive Officer, Walter C. Herlihy, Ph.D., will ... Monday, February 9th, 2009 at 11:30 a.m. EST at ... live audio webcast of the presentation will be available ...
Cached Biology Technology:Animal Eggs Not Suitable Substitutes to Produce Stem Cells 2Animal Eggs Not Suitable Substitutes to Produce Stem Cells 3Microtest Labs Offers Free Microbial Identification Testing, Free Shipping on Other Tests, to MD&M West Attendees 2Repligen to Present at the BIO CEO & Investor Conference Monday, February 9th, 11:30 a.m. EST 2
...
Whole blood is collected from healthy guinea pigs of either sex from US source which are free of visible diseases at time of blood collection. Hemolytic titer: CH50 = 435 units...
... l-[35S]in vitro cell labeling mix, ... *Aqueous solution stabilized with 0.1% ... pyridine 3,4-dicarboxylic acid. *Amino acid ... labeling containing l-[35S]Methionine and l-[35S]Cysteine. ...
...
Biology Products: