Navigation Links
Yield projections for switchgrass as a biofuel crop
Date:7/11/2010

MADISON, WI, July 12th, 2010 While scientists have conducted numerous studies on production of biomass from biofuel crops, such as switchgrass, no one has yet compiled this information to evaluate the response of biomass yield to soils, climate, and crop management across the United States.

A team of researchers from Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Dartmouth College published just such a study in the July-August 2010 Agronomy Journal, published by the American Society of Agronomy. The researchers used peer-reviewed publications to evaluate switchgrass yield as it relates to site location, plot size, stand age, harvest frequency, fertilizer application, climate, and land quality. Switchgrass is one type of crop under consideration for use as a feedstock for advanced biofuels.

The scientists compiled a total of 1,190 biomass yield observations for both lowland and upland types of switchgrass grown from 39 field sites across the United States. Observations were pulled from 18 publications that reported results from field trials in 17 states, from Beeville, TX in the south, to Munich, ND in the Midwest, and Rock Springs, PA in the northeast.

Among the many factors examined, statistical analysis revealed that much of the variation in yield could be accounted for by variation in growing season precipitation, annual temperature, nitrogen fertilization, and they type of switchgrass.

Lowland switchgrass outperformed upland varieties at most locations, except at northern latitudes. Annual yields averaged 12.9 metric tons per hectare for lowland and 8.7 metric tons for upland ecotypes. Some field sites in Alabama, Texas and Oklahoma reported biomass yields greater than 28 metric tons per hectare using the lowland cultivars Kanlow and Alamo.

The research team did not observe any bias for higher yields associated with experimental plot size, row spacing, or with preferential establishment of stands on high quality lands. A model developed from the data, based on long-term climate records, projected maximum yields in a corridor westward from the mid-Atlantic coast to Kansas and Oklahoma. Low precipitation west of the Great Plans limited yields in that region.

"Field trials are often planted to provide local estimates of crop production," said Stan Wullschleger, a crop physiologist who led the study. "However, viewed in a broader context, results from individual field trials can contribute to a larger perspective and provide regional to national scale estimates of yield and the variables that determine that yield."

Lee Lynd, co-author on the article and Steering Committee Chair of the Global Sustainable Bioenergy Project observed, "This is the largest data base analyzed to date for energy crop productivity as a function of geographically distributed variables. The finding that there is no bias with respect to either plot size or land productivity is important. A promising future direction is to apply the modeling approaches taken here to additional bioenergy crops at a global scale in combination with various land use scenarios."

Scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Dartmouth College continue to explore factors involved in the production of biomass from switchgrass and other dedicated energy crops. One of the lessons learned from the current analysis is that yield data from an even broader range of soil and climatic conditions will be useful in building better predictive models. Future studies should extend the geographic distribution of field trials and thus improve our understanding of biomass production for promising biofuels like switchgrass.


'/>"/>

Contact: Sara Uttech
suttech@sciencesocieties.org
608-268-4948
American Society of Agronomy
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. New Study Predicts Yield for Biofuel Jatropha
2. ARS, industry cooperation yields device to detect insects in stored wheat
3. Rice yields researched to tackle food security issues
4. High-yield agriculture slows pace of global warming, say Stanford researchers
5. New research into the deep ocean floor yields promising results for microbiologists
6. Stretching molecules yields new understanding of electricity
7. Chinese-German collaboration yields new species of Large Blue butterfly
8. Psychedelic maize may help increase crop and biofuel yields
9. Technique yields potential biological substitute for dental implants
10. Neanderthal genome yields insights into human evolution and evidence of interbreeding
11. Calculating crop and ethanol yields and irrigation needs in 4 easy steps
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Yield projections for switchgrass as a biofuel crop
(Date:2/10/2016)... February 10, 2016 ... to 2016 iris recognition market report, combined ... is more widely accepted for border control. ... fingerprint and iris recognition technology in a ... avoid purchasing two individual biometrics devices. ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... Aware, Inc. (NASDAQ: AWRE ), a leading supplier of biometrics ... and year ended December 31, 2015.  --> ... was $6.9 million, an increase of 61% compared to $4.3 million ... quarter of 2015 was $2.6 million compared to $0.2 million in ... --> Higher revenue and operating income in the fourth ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... Vigilant Solutions announces today that an agency used ... a lead in a difficult homicide case. The agency then ... the suspect vehicle. Due to the ongoing investigation, the agency ... at the agency,s request. --> ... was found deceased at an intersection here in the City. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/10/2016)... , Feb. 10, 2016  Allergan plc (NYSE: ... announced that Brent Saunders , Allergan,s CEO and ... a fireside chat session at the RBC Capital Markets ... p.m. ET at The New York Palace Hotel in ... will be webcast live and can be accessed on ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 10, 2016 , ... ... attend the International Society of Pharmaceutical Engineering (ISPE) Rocky Mountain Chapter 21st Annual ... is expecting to fill more than 100 tables for its annual event, which ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... Mateo, CA (PRWEB) , ... February 10, 2016 ... ... of Multiplex Testing (PROMPT), a research registry built on the secure online PatientCrossroads ... September 2014. More than 1,600 participants have joined the PROMPT study, which seeks ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... La Jolla CA (PRWEB) , ... February 10, 2016 , ... ... of new agents for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease, announced today it has been ... to February 18th at the Breakers in Palm Beach, Florida. The purpose of ...
Breaking Biology Technology: