Navigation Links
Yale researchers may have uncovered the mechanism by which progesterone prevents preterm birth
Date:2/4/2010

Researchers at Yale School of Medicine believe they may have discovered how the hormone progesterone acts to prevent preterm birth.

The findings will be presented at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM) in Chicago by Errol Norwitz, M.D., professor in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences at Yale.

Preterm birthdelivery prior to 37 weeks gestationhas become increasingly common over the past 40 years. Currently, one in eight pregnancies in the U.S. are delivered prematurely. These premature infants are at least seven times more likely to die or have long-term neurologic injury compared with infants delivered at term. Efforts to date to prevent preterm birth have been largely unsuccessful. Several recent studies have suggested that progesterone supplementation from weeks 16-20 of gestation through 36 weeks may prevent preterm birth in about one-third of high-risk women, but the molecular mechanism by which progesterone acts was not known until now.

One-third of preterm birth is linked to premature rupture of the fetal membranes. Prior studies have suggested that rupture results from weakening of the membranes by apoptosis (programmed cell death). Norwitz and his Yale colleagues have shown for the first time that progesterone can prevent apoptosis in fetal membranes.

"We were able to demonstrate that progesterone prevents apoptosis in an artificial environment in the laboratory in which we stimulated healthy fetal membranes with pro-inflammatory mediators," said Norwitz. "Interestingly, and somewhat unexpectedly, we also saw an inhibition of apoptosis under basal conditions without the presence of pro-inflammatory mediators. This suggests that the same mechanism may also be important for the normal onset of labor at term."


'/>"/>

Contact: Karen N. Peart
karen.peart@yale.edu
203-432-1326
Yale University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Secrets to superb malting barleys explored by ARS researchers
2. UF researchers: Ancient crocodile relative likely food source for Titanoboa
3. ARS researchers develop method to speed up breeding of scab-resistant barley cultivars
4. National Jewish Health researchers discover how virulent bacteria
5. Epigenetics could help researchers determine any risks associated with low-dose radiation
6. University of the Basque Country researchers decode transcriptome for gray mullet
7. Researchers correct the record about behavior of important human protein tied to cancer
8. Bat researchers no longer flying blind on echolocation
9. Researchers trace effects of genetic defect in myotonic muscular dystrophy
10. Researchers identify a new gene involved in autophagy, the cellular recycling program
11. Researchers identify proteins that might contribute to memory loss and Alzheimers disease
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/13/2017)... April 13, 2017 According to a new market ... Identity Analytics, Identity Administration, and Authorization), Service, Authentication Type, Deployment Mode, Vertical, ... Market is expected to grow from USD 14.30 Billion in 2017 to ... of 17.3%. ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... ... grow at a CAGR of 30.37% during the period 2017-2021. ... prepared based on an in-depth market analysis with inputs from industry ... over the coming years. The report also includes a discussion of ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... April 11, 2017 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... company, announces the appointment of independent Directors Mr. Robin ... its Board of Directors, furthering the company,s corporate governance and ... Gino Pereira ... look forward to their guidance and benefiting from their considerable ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... June 20, 2017 , ... National executive ... leader with extensive assay development and biomarker expertise, as VP of Scientific Affairs ... CRO specializing in bio-analytical assay development and sample testing services. The organization acts ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... , ... June 20, 2017 , ... ... discovery of antibody therapeutics from millions-diverse immune repertoires, announces launch of its new ... Diego, California. Dave Johnson, PhD, CEO of GigaGen, will present on Surge at ...
(Date:6/19/2017)... ... June 19, 2017 , ... ... development reported today that it is launching two new additions of its award-winning ... demonstrating new capabilities at the DIA 2017 Annual Meeting in Chicago, IL, June ...
(Date:6/19/2017)... ... 2017 , ... A colony of healthy honey bees is like a superorganism--individual ... and nectar containing nutrients necessary for growth and survival. Better nutrition gives the colony ... point to a decline in honey bee health. Sick and weakened bees diminish the ...
Breaking Biology Technology: