Navigation Links
Yale researchers identify targets for immunotherapy in early-stage breast cancer
Date:7/18/2014

July 17, 2014, New Haven, CT Yale Cancer Center researchers used a new molecular analysis tool to accurately detect the level of an important target for immunotherapy in early-stage breast cancers. The diagnostic test, using RNAScope, measures the amount of PD-L1 (programmed death ligand 1) mRNA in routine formalin-fixed cancer tissues and is devoid of many of the technical issues that plague antibody-based detection methods that have yielded conflicting results in the past. PD-L1 is the target of several novel immune stimulatory therapies in clinical trials. The findings were published in the Journal of Clinical Cancer Research in May.

PD-L1 is a protein that plays an important role in suppressing immune response, and in cancer, it may allow tumors to evade immune attack. The study demonstrated that about 60 percent of early-stage breast cancers have PD-L1 expression, and a subset of these cancers also have large numbers of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes. High levels of lymphocytes and PD-L1 predicted for better survival, suggesting a beneficial role for the immune system in at least partially controlling these cancers.

"This is exciting because these findings provide the rationale to test PD-L1 targeted therapies in breast cancer with the hope of further improving cure rates in early stage breast cancer," said Lajos Pusztai, MD, DPhil, professor of Medical Oncology and chief of Breast Medical Oncology at Smilow Cancer Hospital, Yale Cancer Center, and an author on the study. "Patients with many tumor infiltrating lymphocytes and high PD-L1 expression may be the ideal candidates for these therapies."

The in situ mRNA detection method used in the study, eliminates many of the technical problems that older immunohistochemistry assays had, Pusztai added.


'/>"/>

Contact: Vicky Agnew
vicky.agnew@yale.edu
203-785-7001
Yale University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. CNIO researchers discover a gene that links stem cells, aging and cancer
2. Duck migration study reveals importance of conserving wetlands, MU researchers find
3. Researchers advance understanding in immune response to infectious disease
4. Researchers find organic pollutants not factor in turtle tumor disease
5. Largest International Meeting for the Study of Reproductive Biology Attracts Researchers from 36 Countries in Grand Rapids, Michigan
6. Little too late: Researchers identify disease that may have plagued 700-year-old skeleton
7. Researchers declassify dinosaurs as being the great-great-grandparents of birds
8. IPCC must consider alternate policy views, researchers say
9. Science and cookies: Researchers tap into citizen science to shed light on ant diversity
10. Researchers receive $12.6 million NIH grant to study genetics of Alzheimers
11. Researchers uncover new knowledge about our intestines
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/5/2017)... KEY FINDINGS The global market for stem ... 25.76% during the forecast period of 2017-2025. The rise ... growth of the stem cell market. Download ... The global stem cell market is segmented on the ... cell market of the product is segmented into adult ...
(Date:4/3/2017)... WASHINGTON , April 3, 2017 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ ... single-cell precision engineering platform, detected a statistically ... cell product prior to treatment and objective ... highlight the potential to predict whether cancer ... prior to treatment, as well as to ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... 30, 2017 The research team of The ... (3D) fingerprint identification by adopting ground breaking 3D fingerprint minutiae recovery ... of speed and accuracy for use in identification, crime investigation, immigration ... ... A research team ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/22/2017)... ... 21, 2017 , ... Building on the success of the inaugural RAADfest last ... very latest developments in radical life extension. RAADfest combines cutting edge science presented for ... of personal development, making it the largest most comprehensive and inclusive super longevity event ...
(Date:6/22/2017)... ... June 22, 2017 , ... For the months of May ... Spotlight series on “Cell Therapy Regulation” for its regenerative medicine followship. ... the unique regulatory challenges of stem cell medical research. , Stem cell clinical ...
(Date:6/22/2017)... ... June 22, 2017 , ... ... the release of Limfinity® version 6.5, a content-packed update to the Limfinity® framework. ... gain a larger and more diverse base of customers among labs and other ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Biologist Dawn Maslar MS has found a biomarker that she ... Women Choose: The Neuroscience of Meeting, Dating, Losing Your Mind, and Finding True Love, ... logical next step, in my estimation, was to scientifically track the evidence of commitment ...
Breaking Biology Technology: