Navigation Links
Yale University researchers find key genetic trigger of depression
Date:10/17/2010

Yale University researchers have found a gene that seems to be a key contributor to the onset of depression and is a promising target for a new class of antidepressants, they report Oct. 17 in the journal Nature Medicine.

"This could be a primary cause, or at least a major contributing factor, to the signaling abnormalities that lead to depression," said Ronald S. Duman, professor of psychiatry and pharmacology at Yale and senior author of the study.

Scientists have had a difficult time pinning down the cause of depression, which afflicts almost 16 percent of Americans in any given year and carries an annual economic burden of $100 billion.

Symptoms of depression vary widely among individuals. Most now believe that multiple physiological processes are involved in major depressive disorder. That explains why people respond differently to most commonly prescribed antidepressants, which work by manipulating the uptake of the neurotransmitter serotonin. However, as many as 40 percent of depressed patients do not respond to currently available medications, which take weeks to months to produce a therapeutic response.

Duman's team did whole genome scans on tissue samples from 21 deceased individuals who had been diagnosed with depression and compared gene expression levels to those of 18 individuals who had not been diagnosed with depression. They found that one gene called MKP-1 was increased more than two-fold in the brain tissues of depressed individuals.

This was particularly exciting, say the researchers, because the gene inactivates a molecular pathway crucial to the survival and function of neurons and its impairment has been implicated in depression as well as other disorders. Duman's team also found that when the MKP-1 gene is knocked out in mice, the mice become resilient to stress. When the gene is activated, mice exhibit symptoms that mimic depression.

The finding that a negative regulator of a key neuronal signaling pathway is increased in depression also identifies MKP-1 as a potential target for a novel class of therapeutic agents, particularly for treatment resistant depression.


'/>"/>

Contact: Bill Hathaway
william.hathaway@yale.edu
203-432-1322
Yale University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Team of chemists produces biodiesel at their university, using used cooking oil as a basis
2. Queens University Belfast lung injury study could save lives in critically ill
3. Unlike us, honeybees naturally make quick switch in their biological clocks, says Hebrew University researcher
4. University of Utah microbubbles clean dirty soil in China
5. Ben-Gurion University of the Negev hosts UNESCO conference on drylands, deserts and desertification
6. Brown University chemists simplify biodiesel conversion
7. New fisheries system will save about $20 million, Iowa State University researchers find
8. Hebrew University research holds promise for development of new osteoporosis drug
9. Auxogyn licenses noninvasive embryo assessment technology from Stanford University
10. Iowa State University researcher examines mosquito gene for new disease response
11. WSJ honors university-created LLC with Innovation Award
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/18/2017)... 18, 2017  Socionext Inc., a global expert in SoC-based imaging ... server, the M820, which features the company,s hybrid codec technology. A ... Tera Probe, Inc., will be showcased during the upcoming Medtec Japan ... at the Las Vegas Convention Center April ... Click here for ...
(Date:4/13/2017)... April 13, 2017 According to a new market ... Identity Analytics, Identity Administration, and Authorization), Service, Authentication Type, Deployment Mode, Vertical, ... Market is expected to grow from USD 14.30 Billion in 2017 to ... of 17.3%. ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... , April 11, 2017 No two ... researchers at the New York University Tandon School ... Engineering have found that partial similarities between prints ... used in mobile phones and other electronic devices ... The vulnerability lies in the fact that ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2017 , ... A recent ... the most troublesome and difficult to control weed in 12 categories of broadleaf crops, ... Almost 200 weed scientists across the U.S. and Canada participated in the 2016 survey, ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 23, 2017 , ... Genedata, a leading provider ... the occasion with a strong presence at Bio-IT World Conference & Expo 2017 ... an invitation to all attendees to view posters on the entire range ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 22, 2017 , ... A ... in San Diego, California, this August will feature high-level speakers on quantum devices, ... , SPIE Optics and Photonics, the largest multidisciplinary optical sciences meeting in North ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 23, 2017 , ... Energetiq Technology, a ... a facility expansion to accommodate its rapid growth. , The renovations at the ... renovation of the existing areas. The expansion includes, a state-of-the-art engineering facility, and ...
Breaking Biology Technology: