Navigation Links
World-wide assessment determines differences in cultures
Date:5/26/2011

tural tolerance and understanding," said Gelfand. "Such understanding is critical in a world where both global interdependence and global threats are increasing."

The researchers surveyed 6,823 respondents in 33 nations. In each nation, individuals from a wide range of occupations, as well as university students, were included. Data on environmental and historical threats and on societal institutions were collected from numerous established databases. Historical data--population density in 1500, history of conflict over the last hundred years, historical prevalence of disease outbreaks--were included whenever possible, and data on a wide range of societal institutions, including government, media and criminal justice, were obtained.

"You can see tightness reflected in the response in Japan to the natural disasters recently," said Gelfand referring to the massive earthquake and tsunami that hit the country on March 11 of this year.

"The order and social coordination after the event, we believe, is a function of the tightness of the society," Gelfand said, noting that tightness is needed in Japan to face these kinds of ecological vulnerabilities.

The research further showed that a nation's tightness or looseness is in part determined by the environmental and human factors that have shaped a nation's history--including wars, natural disasters, disease outbreaks, population density and scarcity of natural resources.

Tight and loose societies also vary in their institutions, with tight societies having more autocratic governments, more closed media and criminal justice systems that have more monitoring and greater deterrence of crime as compared to loose societies.

The study found that the situations that people encounter differ in tight and loose societies. For example, everyday situations--like being in a park, a classroom, the movies, a bus, at job interviews, restaurants and even one's bedroom--constrain behavior
'/>"/>

Contact: Bobbie Mixon
bmixon@nsf.gov
703-292-8485
National Science Foundation
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Harmonizing biobank research: An achievable world-wide goal
2. Improving health assessments with a single cell
3. Excessive nitrogen harms the economy and environment -- first Europe-wide assessment published
4. EPAs draft health assessment for formaldehyde needs improvement
5. Challenges for biofuels: New life cycle assessment report from Energy Biosciences Institute
6. Optical water quality assessment
7. WHO Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) newly released for Singapore
8. Environmental risk assessment of pharmaceuticals inadequate
9. Sediment pollution should be included in water quality assessment
10. Auxogyn licenses noninvasive embryo assessment technology from Stanford University
11. Reinventing technology assessment for the 21st century
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/24/2014)... a red light or a stop sign? Or have ... passed by but totally missed seeing? , "When we ... only be aware of so much of what we ... the University of Illinois. "For example, when you,re driving, ... , But say there,s an unexpected event: an emergency ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... COLUMBIA, Mo. When bacteria attack plants, they ... cells to weaken and suppress natural defenses. However, ... the plant cells as a potential host. Now, ... and replicated the process that allows the bacteriaknown ... discovery could lead to natural anti-infective treatments that ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... a scientist at Western University and the Lawson Health ... metastasizes to the lung. , Breast cancer is the ... of cancer-related deaths among women in North America. ... high success rate, but once the disease spreads beyond ... lung is one of the most common and deadly ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Controlling brain waves to improve vision 2Controlling brain waves to improve vision 3Plants send out signals attracting harmful bacteria, MU study finds 2New study helps to explain why breast cancer often spreads to the lung 2
... (SACRAMENTO, Calif.) Smokers who don,t quit before ... neck cancers fair significantly worse than those who do, ... Allen Chen, an assistant professor in the Department ... found that head- and neck-cancer patients who continue to ...
... This press release is available in French . ... most deadly parasitic diseases in the world. It affects more than ... it kills 50 000 people each year. A reliable and rapid ... now, this has been next to impossible. Dr. Momar Ndao and ...
... America needs more vitamin D. It,s one more reason to ... at the Experimental Biology conference in Anaheim, California. Milk is ... supplying nearly half of all of the much-needed vitamin D. ... what more than 16,000 Americans ages two and older eat, ...
Cached Biology News:Smoking during radiation therapy for head and neck cancers linked to poorer outcomes 2Smoking during radiation therapy for head and neck cancers linked to poorer outcomes 3Major breakthrough in the diagnosis of parasitic diseases 2
(Date:1/15/2014)... 2014 ­ RedBrick Health , a fast-growing leader ... announces that EmblemHealth , the New ... now providing the RedBrick Compass health assessment, combined with ... of its members. EmblemHealth is among the first health ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... (PRWEB) January 15, 2014 More than ... and about 1 in 3 seniors will die with ... ). These jaw-dropping figures have shocked many Americans into ... hopefully, help prevent these tragic age-related cognitive disorders. Jonathan ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... DTS Language Services, Inc . is pleased to ... Science organizations who need document translations. Clients will now ... documents in advance with a selection of nearly 50 life ... a critical factor in clinical and scientific fields, and decrease ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... 15, 2014 AudioNotch is the internet's ... for the treatment of tinnitus. Patients listen to sound ... over a period of weeks to months, their tinnitus volume ... two forms: Notched Music and Notched White Noise. Now, AudioNotch ...
Breaking Biology Technology:EmblemHealth Selects RedBrick Health to Power its Next-Generation Health Engagement and Behavior Change System 2EmblemHealth Selects RedBrick Health to Power its Next-Generation Health Engagement and Behavior Change System 3Biohack Pure Offers 5 Tips for Increasing Memory in 2014 2DTS Improves Efficiency for Life Science Document Translations 2
... availability of its newest report, Prospering in ... In this report, BioInformatics, LLC ( www.gene2drug.com ... life science market, provides hard data and analysis that ... science suppliers. BioInformatics, LLC fielded a detailed 45-question survey ...
... The following release is being issued by the Greater ... CEO, Greater Baltimore Committee150 company owners, executives and researchers from ... Maryland Bioscience Awards , , WHEN: ... Breakfast & Registration , 8:45 - 9:45 a.m. / Awards ...
... has launched that facilitates the search for egg donors ... Donor Network Alliance (DNA) is the first and ... agencies across the United States.Membership-based DNA was started by ... need to pool resources: The Center for Egg ...
Cached Biology Technology:New Report - Prospering in a Down Market: Strategies for Life Science Suppliers 2New Report - Prospering in a Down Market: Strategies for Life Science Suppliers 3Greater Baltimore Committee to Announce Winners of 2009 Maryland Bioscience Awards at Ceremonies on March 12 2Greater Baltimore Committee to Announce Winners of 2009 Maryland Bioscience Awards at Ceremonies on March 12 3Agencies Unite to Launch Donor Network Alliance: First-Ever Web-Based Collective of Egg Donor Candidates 2