Navigation Links
Wood's 'noble rot' fungus genetically decoded
Date:7/19/2010

An international team including Empa researcher Francis Schwarze has sequenced the genome of the common split gill mushroom, Schizophyllum commune, a widely distributed fungus which grows on and decomposes wood. The genome, containing some 13,000 genes, has recently been published in Nature Biotechnology. The new data allows scientists a view of the mushroom's unique enzyme-based digestive apparatus which gives it the ability to attack and degrade wood, causing white rot. It is this ability which Schwarze, together with other colleagues, has exploited to improve the tonal qualities of wood used to make violins.

Fungi are the ideal recycling machines they decompose dead organic material and convert it into nutritious humus, and together with bacteria they are nature's most important detritivores. During the course of their evolution they have developed special digestive enzymes with which they are able to decompose lignin and other complex substances in woody plants, an ability which is almost unique in nature. However, many species of fungi also attack living wood, thereby causing significant economic damage to wood related industries.

That fungi not only cause damage through their ability to decompose certain constituent materials of wood but can actually improve specific properties of wood has already been shown by Empa's Francis Schwarze. In his Stradivarius Project he has used wood-attacking fungi such as the (now genetically decoded) S. commune to improve the tonal qualities of spruce or maple used to make violins. In 2006 Schwarze submitted a patent application covering this process, and last September a biotech violin made with wood treated with fungi was judged superior to a genuine Stradivarius in a blind test.

A real expert at recycling carbohydrates

Schwarze has high hopes for the now completely deciphered genome of "his" fungus. "The genome sequence provides us with essential informati
'/>"/>

Contact: Dr. Francis W.M.R. Schwarze
francis.schwarze@empa.ch
41-712-747-247
Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research (EMPA)
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Cold water corals conference to be held in Woods Hole
2. Wildflower declines in Thoreaus Concord woods are due to climate changes
3. 3 Woods Hole scientific institutions forge alliance to address societal issues
4. Woods Hole lecture series explores range of scientific topics
5. Stanfords Woods Institute awards new round of Environmental Venture Projects
6. Invasive plants are beneficiaries of climate change in Thoreaus woods
7. Early hominid first walked on 2 legs in the woods
8. Even small patches of urban woods are valuable for migrating birds
9. Out of the woods for Ardi
10. Modern genetics vs. ancient frog-killing fungus
11. New type of fuel found in Patagonia fungus
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/18/2014)... sample of patients with undiagnosed, suspected genetic conditions, a ... a higher molecular diagnostic yield than traditional molecular diagnostic ... . The study is being released to coincide with ... Exome sequencing, which sequences the protein­coding region of the ... present in a cell or organism), has been rapidly ...
(Date:10/17/2014)... German . ... in order to reproduce? And why are there two sexes ... latest issue of the research journal Molecular Human Reproduction ... Ramm from Bielefeld University Bielefeld has compiled this special issue ... a female to copulate with several males in quick succession ...
(Date:10/17/2014)... German . ... When treating overdoses, doctors are often limited to supportive therapy ... is a combination of drugs involved. So what can be ... grandmother,s pills? ETH professor Jean-Christophe Leroux from the Institute of ... to this question. "The task was to develop an agent ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Study examines type of exome sequencing and molecular diagnostic yield 2Study examines type of exome sequencing and molecular diagnostic yield 3Sperm wars 2Emergency aid for overdoses 2Emergency aid for overdoses 3
... Alexandria, VA Age-related hearing loss (ARHL), one of the ... with low serum levels of folic acid, according to new ... Head and Neck Surgery . Hearing loss ... 28 million Americans between the ages of 60 and 74 ...
... that incorporates the surrounding landscape in unprecedented detail describes ... and seed dispersal in cotton plants more accurately than ... at the University of Arizona,s College of Agriculture and ... in PLoS ONE on Nov. 30. ...
... A new study published in the Journal of the ... by Autism Speaks, found that children with autism have more ... dysfunctional mitochondria. These new findings from UC Davis reveal ... way of screening for these deficits using blood samples. ...
Cached Biology News:Gene transfer from transgenic crops: A more realistic picture 2Gene transfer from transgenic crops: A more realistic picture 3Children with autism more likely to have mitochondrial defects impacting cellular energy production 2
(Date:10/19/2014)... October 19, 2014 The Asia-Pacific Speech ... market in Asia-Pacific with analysis and forecast of revenue. ... in 2014 to $208 million by 2019, at a ... to 2019. , Browse through the TOC of the ... of the in-depth analysis provided. It also provides a ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... The “Human Insulin Market- by ... Premixed), Modern Human Insulin (Rapid Acting, Long Acting, ... Tresiba, Others) - Forecast to 2018” provides a ... opportunities, current market trends, and strategies impacting the ... and forecasts of the revenue and share analysis. ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... October 18, 2014 The Asia-Pacific Liquid ... segments the concerned market in Asia-Pacific with analysis and ... million in 2013, and is expected to reach $380.0 ... 2013 to 2018. , Browse through the TOC of ... idea of the in-depth analysis provided. This also provides ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... 2014 The “Global Diagnostic Electrocardiograph ... by End-user (Hospitals, Home/Ambulatory, Research Center, Physician Office, ... -Global Forecast to 2020” provides a detailed overview ... market trends, and strategies impacting the global diagnostic ... of the revenue and share analysis. , The ...
Breaking Biology Technology:The Asia-Pacific Speech Analytics market is estimated to reach $208 million by 2019 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Asia-Pacific Speech Analytics market is estimated to reach $208 million by 2019 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3The Asia-Pacific Speech Analytics market is estimated to reach $208 million by 2019 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 4Medical Human Insulin Market Is Expected to Reach $42 billion by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Medical Human Insulin Market Is Expected to Reach $42 billion by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Medical Human Insulin Market Is Expected to Reach $42 billion by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Medical Human Insulin Market Is Expected to Reach $42 billion by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 5The Asia-Pacific Liquid Crystal on Silicon (LCoS) display market is expected to reach $380.0 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Asia-Pacific Liquid Crystal on Silicon (LCoS) display market is expected to reach $380.0 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3The Electrocardiograph (ECG) Market Is Expected to Reach $5,435 Million By 2020 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 2The Electrocardiograph (ECG) Market Is Expected to Reach $5,435 Million By 2020 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 3The Electrocardiograph (ECG) Market Is Expected to Reach $5,435 Million By 2020 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 4The Electrocardiograph (ECG) Market Is Expected to Reach $5,435 Million By 2020 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 5
... Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research ... Global Anticoagulants Industry ... worldwide markets for Anticoagulants in US$ Million by ... Anticoagulants (Unfractionated Heparin, & Low Molecular Weight Heparin). ...
... Resverlogix Presents ASSERT Human Clinical Trial Data at the American Heart Association Late Breaker Session ... ... if (typeof(lpUnit)==,undefined,) var lpUnit=,PRN,; --> ... = ""; BitlyCB.alertResponse = function(data) { var s = ,; var first_result; // Results are keyed by longUrl, so ...
... GENEVA and RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, N.C., Nov. 17, 2010 ... therapeutics, today presented an update to the World Health ... antiviral compound, CMX001, at the 12th Meeting of the ... presentation titled "Status of CMX001 for Smallpox and Other ...
Cached Biology Technology:Reportlinker Adds Global Anticoagulants Industry 2Reportlinker Adds Global Anticoagulants Industry 3Reportlinker Adds Global Anticoagulants Industry 4Reportlinker Adds Global Anticoagulants Industry 5Reportlinker Adds Global Anticoagulants Industry 6Reportlinker Adds Global Anticoagulants Industry 7Reportlinker Adds Global Anticoagulants Industry 8Reportlinker Adds Global Anticoagulants Industry 9Reportlinker Adds Global Anticoagulants Industry 10Reportlinker Adds Global Anticoagulants Industry 11Reportlinker Adds Global Anticoagulants Industry 12Reportlinker Adds Global Anticoagulants Industry 13Reportlinker Adds Global Anticoagulants Industry 14Reportlinker Adds Global Anticoagulants Industry 15Reportlinker Adds Global Anticoagulants Industry 16Reportlinker Adds Global Anticoagulants Industry 17Resverlogix Presents ASSERT Human Clinical Trial Data at the American Heart Association Late Breaker Session 2Resverlogix Presents ASSERT Human Clinical Trial Data at the American Heart Association Late Breaker Session 3Resverlogix Presents ASSERT Human Clinical Trial Data at the American Heart Association Late Breaker Session 4Resverlogix Presents ASSERT Human Clinical Trial Data at the American Heart Association Late Breaker Session 5Resverlogix Presents ASSERT Human Clinical Trial Data at the American Heart Association Late Breaker Session 6Resverlogix Presents ASSERT Human Clinical Trial Data at the American Heart Association Late Breaker Session 7Resverlogix Presents ASSERT Human Clinical Trial Data at the American Heart Association Late Breaker Session 8Resverlogix Presents ASSERT Human Clinical Trial Data at the American Heart Association Late Breaker Session 9Resverlogix Presents ASSERT Human Clinical Trial Data at the American Heart Association Late Breaker Session 10Chimerix Presents Update on CMX001 Development to the World Health Organization Advisory Committee on Variola Virus Research 2Chimerix Presents Update on CMX001 Development to the World Health Organization Advisory Committee on Variola Virus Research 3
Request Info...
IgD Chain C (AMS 9.1)...
Bethyl Laboratories packages antibodies, conjugates and calibrators to provide quantitative ELISA kits. Each kit contains the following components, sufficient for 1000 single well assays....
Applications: Epitope mapping, Mapping protein-protein contacts, Identification of enzyme substrates/inhibitors, Identification of receptor agonists/antagonists...
Biology Products: