Navigation Links
Wildlife Conservation Society finds wild cat mimicking monkey calls
Date:7/8/2010

In a fascinating example of vocal mimicry, researchers from the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and UFAM (Federal University of Amazonas) have documented a wild cat species imitating the call of its intended victim: a small, squirrel-sized monkey known as a pied tamarin. This is the first recorded instance of a wild cat species in the Americas mimicking the calls of its prey.

The extraordinary behavior was recorded by researchers from the Wildlife Conservation Society and UFAM in the Amazonian forests of the Reserva Florestal Adolpho Ducke in Brazil. The observations confirmed what until now had been only anecdotal reports from Amazonian inhabitants of wild cat speciesincluding jaguars and pumasactually mimicking primates, agoutis, and other species in order to draw them within striking range.

The observations appear in the June issue of Neotropical Primates. The authors of the paper include: Fabiano de Oliveira Calleia of Projeto Sauim-de-Coleira/UFAM; Fabio Rohe of the Wildlife Conservation Society; and Marcelo Gordo of Projeto Sauim-de-Coleira/UFAM.

"Cats are known for their physical agility, but this vocal manipulation of prey species indicates a psychological cunning which merits further study," said WCS researcher Fabio Rohe.

Researchers first recorded the incident in 2005 when a group of eight pied tamarins were feeding in a ficus tree. They then observed a margay emitting calls similar to those made by tamarin babies. This attracted the attention of a tamarin "sentinel," which climbed down from the tree to investigate the sounds coming from a tangle of vines called lianas. While the sentinel monkey started vocalizing to warn the rest of the group of the strange calls, the monkeys were clearly confounded by these familiar vocalizations, choosing to investigate rather than flee. Four other tamarins climbed down to assess the nature of the calls. At that moment, a margay emerged from the foliage walking down the trunk of a tree in a squirrel-like fashion, jumping down and then moving towards the monkeys. Realizing the ruse, the sentinel screamed an alarm and sent the other tamarins fleeing.

While this specific instance of mimicry was unsuccessful, researchers were amazed at the ingenuity of the hunting strategy.

"This observation further proves the reliability of information obtained from Amazonian inhabitants," said Dr. Avecita Chicchn, director of the Wildlife Conservation Society's Latin America Program. "This means that accounts of jaguars and pumas using the same vocal mimicry to attract prey--but not yet recorded by scientists--also deserve investigation."

WCS is currently monitoring populations of the pied tamarinlisted as "Endangered" on the IUCN's Red Listand is seeking financial support to continue the study, which aims to protect this and other species from extinction. Next to Madagascar, the Amazon has the highest diversity of primates on Earth.

These behavioral insights also are indications of intact Amazon rainforest habitat. WCS works throughout the Amazon to evaluate the conservation importance of these rainforests, which have become increasingly threatened by development.


'/>"/>

Contact: John Delaney
jdelaney@wcs.org
718-220-3275
Wildlife Conservation Society
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Study: Wildlife need more complex travel plans
2. Study on wildlife corridors shows how they work over time
3. Golf course: Playing fields, wildlife sanctuaries or both
4. Village bird study highlights loss of wildlife knowledge from one
5. Wildlife Conservation Society helps Cameroon create new national park
6. Wildlife biologist named Roger Tory Peterson Medal recipient, speaker
7. Wildlife trade threatens public health and ecosystems
8. Wildlife Conservation Society supports worlds first study of egg-laying mammal
9. US-Mexico border wall could threaten wildlife species
10. The war against wildlife comes to an end in Southern Europe
11. Oil and wildlife dont mix in Ecuadors Eden
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/11/2016)... Feb. 11, 2016  Vigilant Solutions announces today that its ... being used by Lee,s Summit Police ... location and arrest of a homicide suspect. ... covers around 65 square miles and is home to roughly ... has a single mobile license plate reader system and also ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... February 10, 2016 ... to 2016 iris recognition market report, combined ... is more widely accepted for border control. ... fingerprint and iris recognition technology in a ... avoid purchasing two individual biometrics devices. ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... AWRE ), a leading supplier of biometrics software and services, ... December 31, 2015.  --> --> ... an increase of 61% compared to $4.3 million in the same ... was $2.6 million compared to $0.2 million in the fourth quarter ... Higher revenue and operating income in the fourth quarter of this ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... Feb. 11, 2016  Vermillion, Inc. (NASDAQ: VRML ... today announced the formation of the Steering Committee for ... --> Pelvic masses can present physicians ... management. Once pregnancy is ruled out, pelvic masses may ... advanced endometriosis, benign ovarian tumors and gastrointestinal and urinary ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... Germany and GERMANTOWN, Maryland ... ; Frankfurt Prime Standard: QIA) today announced the introduction ... for gene expression profiling, expanding QIAGEN,s portfolio of Sample ... enable researchers to select from over 20,000 human genes ... interactions between genes, cellular phenotypes and disease processes. ...
(Date:2/11/2016)...  Bioethics International, a not-for-profit organization focused on the ethics ... made accessible to patients around the world, today announced that ... publication of the Good Pharma Scorecard an ... as one of BMJ Open ,s ,Most Popular Articles, ... most frequently read. Ed Sucksmith , assistant editor ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... , Feb. 11, 2016  Spectra BioPharma Selling Solutions ... that provides biopharma companies the experience, expertise, operational ... deploy outsourced sales teams. Created in concert with ... both the strategic and tactical needs of its ... solutions through both personal and non-personal promotion. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: