Navigation Links
Widely used virus assay shown unreliable when compared to other methods
Date:10/21/2009

Blacksburg, Va. -- In the course of doing research on the mosquito-borne pathogens chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and o' nyong-nyong virus (ONNV), Virginia Tech researchers have discovered an inconvenient truth about an assay, strand-specific quantitative real-time PCR (ssqPCR), increasingly being used to detect and measure replicating viral RNA in infected cells and tissues. The method most labs are using for ssqPCR is unreliable.

The research appears in the Wednesday, October 14, 2009, issue of PLoS ONE, in the article, "Accurate Strand-Specific Quantification of Viral RNA," by Nicole E. Plaskon of Richmond Va., a Master of Science in life sciences candidate in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, and entomology Assistant Professors Zach N. Adelman and Kevin M. Myles, all with the Fralin Life Science Institute..

CHIKV has sickened millions of people in India and Africa in the last five years 1.3 million in India alone. ONNV has also previously caused large outbreaks of human disease with cases numbering in the millions. In studying virus infection of the mosquito, the Virginia Tech researchers developed a novel assay that detects and measures anti-genomic copies of the viral genome. This differs from traditional assays that simply measure viral nucleic acids associated with infection, regardless of origin.

"The application of real-time PCR to the detection and quantification of specific strands of viral RNA is becoming an increasingly important tool in the study of RNA viruses. As a result, multiple types of ssqPCR assays have been described and are in widespread use. However, no study has yet determined if the accuracy with which the different types of assays detect and quantify specific strands of viral RNA are equivalent. It turns out they are not, and the most frequently used method is the most error prone," said Myles.

"A less frequently used ssqPCR assay turned out to be more accurate," said Adelman.

"The fact that many labs have been using assays prone to error may have led to some wrong conclusions," Adelman said. "Using the more accurate assays will lead to more accurate conclusions and better science."

Although Myles and Adelman developed their assays for CHIK and ONNV, the results should help improve the design of ssqPCR assays for the study of other RNA viruses as well.


'/>"/>

Contact: Susan Trulove
STrulove@vt.edu
540-231-5646
Virginia Tech
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Rensselaer leads effort to replace 1 of the most widely used drugs in American hospitals
2. Features of replication suggest viruses have common themes, vulnerabilities
3. First all-African GM crop is resistant to maize streak virus
4. Carnegie Mellon scientist uses mass spectrometer to weigh virus particle, von Willebrand factor
5. Gamma globulin effective in treating eye infections caused by adenoviruses
6. Discovery may help defang viruses
7. Who will recover spontaneously from hepatitis C virus infection
8. Prions and retroviruses -- an unholy alliance?
9. Scientists learn structure of enzyme in unusual virus
10. UGA Odum School of Ecology professor receives grant to study West Nile Virus in NYC
11. New field-deployable biosensor detects avian influenza virus in minutes instead of days
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/10/2016)... --  Unisys Corporation (NYSE: UIS ) today announced ... testing its biometric identity solution at the Otay Mesa border ... identify certain non-U.S. citizens leaving the country. ... determine the efficiency and accuracy of using biometric technologies in ... until May 2016. --> the United States ...
(Date:3/3/2016)... , March 3, 2016  FlexTech, a SEMI Strategic ... of Innovation, Research & Development, Leadership in Education, and, ... is the 9 th year of the FLEXI ... companies and individuals from past years . Judging ... a pre-described set of criteria, by a panel of ...
(Date:3/1/2016)... , March 1, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... announced the addition of the  "Global ...  report to their offering. ... the addition of the  "Global Biometric ...  report to their offering. --> ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2016)... ReportsnReports.com adds 2016 global ... on US, EU, China ... healthcare business intelligence collection of its growing online ... on the Flow Cytometry market spread across 153 ... tables and figures is now available at ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... ... April 26, 2016 , ... BaseHealth , ... joined the company as Chief Business Officer. Arianpour, a genomics pioneer and visionary ... market, was most recently Chief Commercial Officer of Pathway Genomics. He has held ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... ... 26, 2016 , ... Heidelberg Instruments, a leader in design, ... its Volume Pattern Generator (VPG) line of lithography systems. The breakthrough VPG+ system ... as a solution for mid volume direct write lithography applications. It utilizes ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... ... April 26, 2016 , ... This unique "Fertility Happy Hour" event will ... an opportunity to get the lowdown on female fertility and the reproductive technologies that ... Jesse Hade, of Boston IVF - The Arizona Center, will give a short presentation ...
Breaking Biology Technology: