Navigation Links
Why do guppies jump?
Date:4/25/2013

COLLEGE PARK, Md - If you've owned a pet guppy, you know they often jump out of their tanks. Many a child has asked why the guppy jumped; many a parent has been stumped for an answer. Now a study by University of Maryland biologist Daphne Soares reveals how guppies are able to jump so far, and suggests why they do it.

Soares, an expert in the brain circuitry that controls animal behavior, decided to study jumping guppies while researching unrelated evolutionary changes in the brainstems of Poecilia reticulata, a wild guppy species from the island of Trinidad and the forebear to the familiar pet shop fish. During that 2011 project, a guppy jumped out of a laboratory tank and into Soares' cup of chai.

"Fortunately it was iced chai and it had a lid on, so he stayed alive," Soares said. "That was enough for me. I had to use a high speed camera to film what was going on."

Soares, an assistant professor of biology, and University of Maryland biology lecturer Hilary S. Bierman used high speed videography and digital imaging to analyze the jumping behavior of nine guppies from the wild Trinidadian species.

In a research paper published April 16 in the online peer-reviewed journal PLOS One, Soares and Bierman reported the jumping guppies started from a still position, swam backwards slowly, then changed directions and hurtled into the air. By preparing for the jump a behavior never reported before in fish, according to the two biologists the guppies were able to jump up to eight times their body length, at speeds of more than four feet per second.

Soares and Bierman concluded that guppies jump on purpose, and apparently not for the reasons other fish do to escape from predators, to catch prey, or to get past obstacles on seasonal migrations.

The biologists hypothesize that jumping serves an important evolutionary purpose, allowing guppies to reach all the available habitat in Trinidad's mountain streams. By dispersing, they move away from areas of heavy predation, minimize competition with one another, and keep the species' genetic variability high.

"Evolution is truly amazing," said Soares, who spent her own money on fish food, but otherwise conducted the study at no cost.


'/>"/>

Contact: Heather Dewar
hdewar@earthlink.net
301-405-9267
University of Maryland
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Hop, skip or jump? Study says no to all of the above
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/3/2016)... , February 4, 2016 --> ... to SEK 1,351.5 M (105.0), up 1,187% compared with fourth quarter of ... amounted to SEK 517.6 M (loss: 30.0). Earnings per share ... activities was SEK 537.4 M (neg: 74.7). , ... , Revenues amounted to SEK 2,900.5 M (233.6), up 1,142% compared with ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... YORK , Feb. 2, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... facilities are primarily focused on medical screening ... measure point-of-care parameters. Wearable devices that facilitate ... user,s freedom of movement are being bolstered ... for human biomedical signal acquisition coupled with ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... RESTON, Va. , Feb. 2, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... contract award from the U.S. Army Research Office ... extend the range and sensitivity of the company,s ... DoD,s Past Accounting Mission and, more generally, defense-related ... its DNA phenotyping capabilities (predicting appearance and ancestry ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/9/2016)... BOSTON , Feb. 9, 2016 ... a data-driven, biological research approach, has announced the ... Financial Officer and Chief Operating Officer. Haddock brings ... corporate finance, including 12 years in senior financial ... global experience in business organizational management. ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... 8, 2016 --> ... an innovation-driven oncology company developing next generation cancer ... today announced that chairman emeritus of Tata Sons ... the company as part of the first close ... investors Navam Capital and Aarin Capital. ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Bulk food product inspection systems are specifically ... of the production process. Despite frequently inspecting loose product prior to packaging, product ... as sacks of dry powders. , Mettler-Toledo Product Inspection's brand-new white paper entitled ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... BATH, England , February 8, 2016 ... Genetics Ltd ("Atlas Genetics" or the "Company"), the ultra-rapid Point-Of-Care ... approval to CE Mark its Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) test to ... requirements of the IVD Directive (98/79/EC), the CT test is ... --> --> The launch of the ...
Breaking Biology Technology: