Navigation Links
Why do guppies jump?
Date:4/25/2013

COLLEGE PARK, Md - If you've owned a pet guppy, you know they often jump out of their tanks. Many a child has asked why the guppy jumped; many a parent has been stumped for an answer. Now a study by University of Maryland biologist Daphne Soares reveals how guppies are able to jump so far, and suggests why they do it.

Soares, an expert in the brain circuitry that controls animal behavior, decided to study jumping guppies while researching unrelated evolutionary changes in the brainstems of Poecilia reticulata, a wild guppy species from the island of Trinidad and the forebear to the familiar pet shop fish. During that 2011 project, a guppy jumped out of a laboratory tank and into Soares' cup of chai.

"Fortunately it was iced chai and it had a lid on, so he stayed alive," Soares said. "That was enough for me. I had to use a high speed camera to film what was going on."

Soares, an assistant professor of biology, and University of Maryland biology lecturer Hilary S. Bierman used high speed videography and digital imaging to analyze the jumping behavior of nine guppies from the wild Trinidadian species.

In a research paper published April 16 in the online peer-reviewed journal PLOS One, Soares and Bierman reported the jumping guppies started from a still position, swam backwards slowly, then changed directions and hurtled into the air. By preparing for the jump a behavior never reported before in fish, according to the two biologists the guppies were able to jump up to eight times their body length, at speeds of more than four feet per second.

Soares and Bierman concluded that guppies jump on purpose, and apparently not for the reasons other fish do to escape from predators, to catch prey, or to get past obstacles on seasonal migrations.

The biologists hypothesize that jumping serves an important evolutionary purpose, allowing guppies to reach all the available habitat in Trinidad's mountain streams. By dispersing, they move away from areas of heavy predation, minimize competition with one another, and keep the species' genetic variability high.

"Evolution is truly amazing," said Soares, who spent her own money on fish food, but otherwise conducted the study at no cost.


'/>"/>

Contact: Heather Dewar
hdewar@earthlink.net
301-405-9267
University of Maryland
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Hop, skip or jump? Study says no to all of the above
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/28/2016)... and BANGALORE, India , April ... EdgeVerve Systems, a product subsidiary of Infosys (NYSE: ... today announced a global partnership that will provide ... to use mobile banking and payment services.      ... a key innovation area for financial services, but it also ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... DUBLIN , April 27, 2016 ... of the  "Global Multi-modal Biometrics Market 2016-2020"  report ... ) , The analysts forecast ... a CAGR of 15.49% during the period 2016-2020.  ... a number of sectors such as the healthcare, ...
(Date:4/15/2016)... DUBLIN , April 15, 2016 ... of the,  "Global Gait Biometrics Market 2016-2020,"  report ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160330/349511LOGO ) , ,The global gait ... CAGR of 13.98% during the period 2016-2020. ... movement angles, which can be used to compute ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2016 , ... ... That Will Drive Precision Farming in 2017 and Beyond. The paper outlines the ... in the precision ag industry. , “We’ve witnessed a lot of highs and ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... 23, 2016 - Leading CRO,s Use of ... - Frontage Implement a Single Platform to Manage End-to-end Operations Across ... the Bioanalytical lab Frontage Laboratories, a full-service contract research ... and China , has selected IDBS, ... addition to serving as the global electronic lab notebook (ELN), the ...
(Date:5/22/2016)... ... May 22, 2016 , ... Doctors in Rome say micronutrients found in certain ... mesothelioma. Surviving Mesothelioma has just posted an article on the new research. Click ... of Clinical Sciences and Translational Medicine evaluated more than 150 studies on polyphenols in ...
(Date:5/20/2016)... ... May 20, 2016 , ... Korean researchers say Manumycin A triggers ... a new way to treat the disease. Surviving Mesothelioma has just posted an article ... from several Korean institutions based their mesothelioma study on the fact the Manumycin A, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: