Navigation Links
Whole genome sequencing of wild rice reveals the mechanisms underlying oryza genome evolution
Date:3/13/2013

March 13, 2013, Shenzhen, China - In a collaborative study published online today in Nature Communications, researchers from Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, BGI-Shenzhen, and University of Arizona have completed the genome sequencing of wild rice Oryza brachyantha. This work provides new insights for researchers to understand the function and evolution of Oryza genomes.

The genus Oryza is an idea model system for studying plant comparative genomics, evolutionary biology and functional biology. There are two cultivated rice and more than twenty wild rice species. Among them, the wild relatives can provide invaluable genomic resources for rice improvement. As the most diverged wild relative of O. sativa (rice), O. Brachyantha has resistance against many rice pathogens and various stress environments. It was also proved to have the most compact genome in the genus Oryza, suggesting the genome may not experience many changes after the divergence of Oryza species.

In this study, researchers generated a high-quality reference genome sequence of O. brachyantha (~261Mb), and 96% genome sequences are anchored on 12 chromosomes based upon BAC-based physical map. After the comprehensive analysis, they found that the compact genome of O. brachyantha was caused by the silencing of LTR (Long terminal Repeats) retrotransposons and massive internal deletions of ancient elements.

Compared with the rice genome, the team found that many gene families were expanded in rice, where tandem duplications and gene movements mediated by double-strand break repair are responsible for the amplification of these genes. Researchers also observed that segmental and tandem duplications, further expanded by transposable element insertions, contributed to transition from euchromatin to heterochromatin in the rice genome, reflecting the dynamic nature of the Oryza genomes.

Quanfei Huang, Project Manager from BGI, said "This work revealed many important genomic mechanisms underlying Oryza genome, such as the genome size variation, gene movement and transition of euchromatin to heterochromatin. In the near future, I believe there will be more genomes of Oryza species to be cracked, enabling the genus Oryza be an unparalleled system for functional and evolutionary studies in plants."


'/>"/>
Contact: Jia Liu
liujia@genomics.cn
BGI Shenzhen
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Cod has a key role in the whole Baltic Sea
2. Prenatal whole genome sequencing: Just because we can, should we?
3. BGI Tech develops whole exome sequencing analysis of FFPE DNA samples to boost biomedicine
4. New whole plant therapy shows promise as an effective and economical treatment for malaria
5. Making whole wheat bread taste and smell more appetizing
6. Foods identified as whole grain not always healthy
7. Leading evolutionary scientist to discuss how genome of bacteria has evolved
8. Darwin in the genome
9. Analysis of stickleback genome sequence catches evolution in action
10. Athletic frogs have faster-changing genomes
11. PNAS: Precise molecular surgery in the plant genome
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/13/2017)... PUNE, India , April 13, 2017 According ... Identity Proofing, Identity Authentication, Identity Analytics, Identity Administration, and Authorization), Service, Authentication ... by MarketsandMarkets™, the IAM Market is expected to grow from USD 14.30 ... Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 17.3%. ... ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... April 11, 2017 No two people ... at the New York University Tandon School of ... have found that partial similarities between prints are ... in mobile phones and other electronic devices can ... The vulnerability lies in the fact that fingerprint-based ...
(Date:4/5/2017)...  The Allen Institute for Cell Science today announces ... portal and dynamic digital window into the human cell. ... application of deep learning to create predictive models of ... a growing suite of powerful tools. The Allen Cell ... publicly available resources created and shared by the Allen ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2017 , ... Vortex ... of “Label-free isolation of prostate circulating tumor cells using Vortex microfluidic technology ” ... result of a collaboration with Dr. Dino Di Carlo and Dr. Matthew Rettig at ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... San Diego, CA (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2017 , ... ... extracellular matrix of polymeric molecules, can cause diverse pathologies ranging from food poisoning and ... economic impact of biofilms is in the tens of billions of dollars per year, ...
(Date:5/22/2017)... ... 22, 2017 , ... Stratevi, a boutique firm that partners with healthcare companies ... opened an office in downtown Boston at 745 Atlantic Ave. , “We are ... generate evidence on the value they provide, not just to patients, but also payers. ...
(Date:5/21/2017)... ... May 19, 2017 , ... Ovation Fertility scientists’ ... American Association of Bioanalysts (AAB) and the College of Reproductive Biology (CRB) today ... AAB’s commitment to excellence in clinical laboratory services and regulations. , “We ...
Breaking Biology Technology: