Navigation Links
Where is your soil water? Crop yield has the answer
Date:7/1/2008

MADISON, WI, JUNE 16, 2008 -- Crop yield is highly dependent on soil plant-available water, the portion of soil water that can be taken up by plant roots. Quantitative determination of the maximum amount of plant-available water in soil using traditional methods on soil samples remains challenging, especially at the scale of an entire field. However, a map of plant-available water capacity for a field would be instrumental in yield potential assessment and site-specific soil and water management, making the search for improved methods of soil plant-available water quantification an important step towards improved crop productivity and management.

One of the alternative methods designed to rapidly and economically estimate plant-available water capacity for a field is the Simple Inverse Yield Model (SIYM). The SIYM first simulates crop yield using a water-budgeting algorithm and growing season weather conditions such as radiation, temperature, and rainfall. As such, yield values can be simulated for a range of levels of soil plant-available water. In the following model step, plant-available water values can subsequently be obtained by matching measured crop yield with the closest simulated yield on a yield map.

A group of researchers at the University of Missouri and the USDA-ARS (Cropping Systems and Water Quality Research Unit) investigated the applicability and performance of the SIYM for poorly-drained claypan soils in Central Missouri, and compared them to well-drained soils where the model was first developed and tested. For the study, a total of nine corn yield maps were generated using data collected from two fields in Central Missouri during 1993 to 2005. Soil samples were taken to determine plant-available water capacity using traditional laboratory methods. This research was published in the May-June issue of Agronomy Journal.

Results showed that measured plant-available water capacity correlated with corn yield better in dry years than in normal or wet years. Agreement between measured plant-available water and SIYM estimates was weaker in the claypan soils than well-drained soils, especially at locations where the claypan layer was shallow or exposed at the surface. At these locations, plants cannot utilize all the plant-available water in the soil, due to slow water transport in clay-rich soils. As a result, yields simulated by SIYM tended to be higher than measured yields, and thus SIYM-estimated plant available water capacity tended to be lower than measured plant-available water capacity.

The lead author, Pingping Jiang, stated "Compared to the measured plant-available water using traditional methods, the SIYM estimates may be more useful in assessing soil productivity and making site-specific management decisions. SIYM is based on actual yield measurements, and less strongly on conventional soil measurement techniques, which do not take crop-soil-water interactions into account."


'/>"/>

Contact: Sara Uttech
suttech@soils.org
608-268-4948
Soil Science Society of America
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Not just for the monkeys: New publication shows evolution is everywhere
2. New study predicts where corals can thrive
3. How and where fat is stored predicts disease risk better than weight
4. Where college students live can impact their weight, eating and exercise habits
5. MRSA in hospital intensive care -- whats growing where?
6. Where will we find the next generation of engineers?
7. Where and why humans made skates out of animal bones
8. Where have all the lake eels gone? Queens prof asks
9. Where does stored nuclear waste go?
10. Easton, PA Police Officers Armed With BIO-key(R) Mobile Data Solution Access Information Anytime, Anywhere
11. Research yields pricey chemicals from biodiesel waste
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/23/2017)... , Aug. 23, 2017  The general public,s help is being ... microbiome—the bacteria that live in and on the human body –and are ... The Microbiome ... the human microbiome, starting with the gut. The project's goal is to ... Photo credit: IBM ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... LLC , a medical device company focused on improving the safety ... ISO 13485 Certification, the global standard for medical device quality management ... ... for the early detection of IV infiltrations. ... "This is an important milestone for ivWatch, as it validates our ...
(Date:7/20/2017)... , July 20, 2017 Delta (NYSE: DAL ... board any Delta aircraft at Reagan Washington National Airport (DCA). ... Delta launches biometrics to ... Delta,s biometric ... Sky Club is now integrated into the boarding process to allow ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:9/21/2017)... Paramus, New Jersey (PRWEB) , ... September 21, ... ... for highly-regulated pharmaceutical and clinical research sector professionals, has announced the addition of ... CFR Part 11 training - Compliance with Regulation 21 CFR Part 11 ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... ... September 21, 2017 , ... Biorez, ... election of Paul Hermes, Entrepreneur in Residence at Medtronic, Inc., to serve as ... a proprietary, tissue-engineered scaffold for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction that is designed ...
(Date:9/20/2017)... ... 20, 2017 , ... Diversity focused business accelerator, The Refinery , announced ... to uncover the top technology-driven, women-led startups in Boston, MA, New Haven/Hamden, CT, and ... entrepreneurial events going on that week – in Boston, it will be part of ...
(Date:9/20/2017)... East Hanover, N.J. (PRWEB) , ... ... ... Foundation researchers have recently published findings of a study examining the effects ... and individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). The article, "Neuromechanical adaptations during ...
Breaking Biology Technology: