Navigation Links
Where and why humans made skates out of animal bones
Date:12/23/2007

Archaeological evidence shows that bone skates (skates made of animal bones) are the oldest human powered means of transport, dating back to 3000 BC. Why people started skating on ice and where is not as clear, since ancient remains were found in several locations spread across Central and North Europe.

In a recent paper, published in the Biological Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Dr Formenti and Professor Minetti show substantial evidence supporting the hypothesis that the birth of ice skating took place in Southern Finland, where the number of lakes within 100 square kilometres is the highest in the world.

In Central and Northern Europe, five thousand years ago people struggled to survive the severe winter conditions and it seems unlikely that ice skating developed as a hobby says Dr Formenti. As happened later for skis and bicycles, I am convinced that we first made ice skates in order to limit the energy required for our daily journeys.

Formenti and Minetti did their experiments on an ice rink by the Alps, where they measured the energy consumption of people skating on bones. Through mathematical models and computer simulations of 240 ten-kilometre journeys, their research study shows that in winter the use of bone skates would have limited the energy requirements of Finnish people by 10%. On the other hand, the advantage given by the use of skates in other North European countries would be only about 1%.

Subsequent studies performed by Formenti and Minetti have shown how fast and how far people could skate in past epochs, from 3000BC to date.


'/>"/>

Contact: Federico Formenti
federico.formenti@dpag.ox.ac.uk
Wiley-Blackwell
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Easton, PA Police Officers Armed With BIO-key(R) Mobile Data Solution Access Information Anytime, Anywhere
2. Where does stored nuclear waste go?
3. Where have all the lake eels gone? Queens prof asks
4. Gene regulation, not just genes, is what sets humans apart
5. Humans fostering forest-destroying disease
6. SRMs track fire retardants in humans and environment
7. Influence of sex and handedness on brain is similar in capuchin monkeys and humans
8. Gene regulation in humans is closer than expected to simple organisms
9. Role reversal as humans suck life out of leeches
10. Extra gene copies were enough to make early humans mouths water
11. Newfound ancient African megadroughts may have driven the evolution of humans and fishes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/28/2014)... Roald Amundsen became the first man to reach the ... years later, an international team of scientists led by ... proven that air pollution from industrial activities arrived long ... from widely spaced locations around the Antarctic continent, including ... and precise reconstruction to date of lead pollution over ...
(Date:7/27/2014)... asteroid strike that wiped them out if it had ... say. , A fresh study using up-to-date fossil records ... a new narrative of the prehistoric creatures, demise, some ... the few million years before a 10km-wide asteroid struck ... This included extensive volcanic activity, changing sea levels and ...
(Date:7/27/2014)... discovered a new species of mayfly in the southern Western ... In fact, this is the first time that any mayfly ... in peninsular India. , The new species, called Labiobaetis ... for his substantial contribution to the understanding of the Ephemeroptera ... a study that describes the new mayfly in the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Industrial lead pollution beat explorers to the South Pole by 22 years and persists today 2Industrial lead pollution beat explorers to the South Pole by 22 years and persists today 3Dinosaurs fell victim to perfect storm of events, study shows 2
... by researchers at Baylor College of Medicine (BCM) and ... DNA sequencing to the patient's bedside, the doctor's office ... battlefield. , "We could eventually do direct detection of ... performed in the laboratory, said Dr. Michael L. Metzker, ...
... in the March 30th edition of the prestigious scientific journal ... UK's national academy of science) shows that the transfer of ... is much larger and more extensive than previously believed. , ... in a contentious debate. It is the first to isolate ...
... "A Method of Reconstituting Nucleic Acid Molecules" today to ... of DermaPlus, Inc. The patent covers methods for recovering ... allow scientists to reassemble everything from prehistoric, extinct animals ... applied by our scientists, brings us closer to our ...
Cached Biology News:Color-blind method opens new doors in DNA sequencing 2Color-blind method opens new doors in DNA sequencing 3Researchers reveal the infectious impact of salmon farms on wild salmon 2Researchers reveal the infectious impact of salmon farms on wild salmon 3Researchers reveal the infectious impact of salmon farms on wild salmon 4Dinosaur DNA? New Patent Covers Degraded DNA recovery 2
(Date:7/28/2014)... Reston, VA (PRWEB) July 28, 2014 ... leading nonprofit authority on the use of health IT ... its Health Plan Identifier (HPID) Workgroup has ... Between a Health Plan and Payer?” The HPID Workgroup, ... worked closely with the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... 28, 2014 Research and Markets ... Biology Market 2014-2018" report to their offering. ... term synthetic biology covers the designing and engineering of ... as the redesigning of natural biological systems that provide ... a form of extreme genetic engineering because it not ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... Hershey, PA & Boston, MA (PRWEB) July 28, 2014 ... into collaboration agreements with two researchers to further develop ... and deadly malignant brain tumor, in combination with their ... executed by ITI and Duke University, are based on ... MHSc, Chief, Division of Neurosurgery at The Preston Robert ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... The global market for biotechnology is expected ... a new study by Grand View Research, Inc. Increasing ... vaccines and drugs in an attempt to improve healthcare ... to drive market demand over the next six years. ... the use of genetically engineered seeds is expected to ...
Breaking Biology Technology:WEDI’s HPID Workgroup Announces Release of Issue Brief: “What is the Difference Between a Health Plan and Payer?” 2Global Synthetic Biology Market 2014-2018 2String of Collaborations Launch Immunomic Therapeutics’ Brain Tumor Program Pipeline 2String of Collaborations Launch Immunomic Therapeutics’ Brain Tumor Program Pipeline 3String of Collaborations Launch Immunomic Therapeutics’ Brain Tumor Program Pipeline 4Global Biotechnology Market Worth $604.40 Billion by 2020: Grand View Research, Inc 2Global Biotechnology Market Worth $604.40 Billion by 2020: Grand View Research, Inc 3Global Biotechnology Market Worth $604.40 Billion by 2020: Grand View Research, Inc 4
... March 14, 2011 Argentum Medical, LLC today issued a ... versus Noble Biomaterials, Inc. "The most important thing ... patents and it is business as usual for Argentum," said ... case concerned non-patent issues and is currently being appealed. We ...
... Biofuels, a bioenergy crop company using breeding and biotechnology ... it is applying more than 1.6 million genetic markers ... of marker assisted selection (MAS) methods to produce elite, ... the announcement during its presentation at the Biowise 2011 ...
... March 11, 2011 /PRNewswire-Asia-FirstCall/ --Tianyin Pharmaceutical Co., Inc. (NYSE ... specializes in patented biopharmaceutical medicine, modernized traditional Chinese medicine, ... at the 23rd ROTH Annual OC Growth Stock Conference ... Carlton in Dana Point, California. Dr. James ...
Cached Biology Technology:Argentum Medical Issues Response to Recent Decision in Litigation With Noble Biomaterials 2SG Biofuels Advances Jatropha Biotech Platform with Application of Genetic Markers to Reference Genome 2TPI Attends 23rd ROTH Annual OC Growth Stock Conference from March 13-16, 2011 2
Troponin I (22B11)...
... low temperature freezers offer a superior ... of biological samples with high capacities. ... inner doors ensure excellent warming protection ... ,Application oriented accessories simplify tracking of ...
Chicken polyclonal to UCK2 ( Abpromise for all tested applications). Antigen: Full length protein, corresponding to amino acids 1-261 of Human UCK2 Entrez Gene ID: 7371 Swiss Protein ID: ...
Thermo Labsystems offers a basic reader for 96-well microplates that is especially adapted for ELISA and other colorimetric assays....
Biology Products: