Navigation Links
When you can recite a poem but not remember who asked you to learn it a few days earlier
Date:8/11/2011

Milan, Italy, August 11, 2011 Memory is not a single process but is made up of several sub-processes relying on different areas of the brain. Episodic memory, the ability to remember specific events such as what you did yesterday, is known to be vulnerable to brain damage involving the hippocampus. The question is, what happens when damage to the hippocampus occurs very early in life? In a case study published in the September 2011 issue of Elsevier's Cortex, clinical neuropsychologists have reported that a child can develop normally despite severe damage to the hippocampus resulting from lack of oxygen in the first days of life. This supports the theory that the different aspects of memory rely on distinct areas of the brain.

Dr. Claire Bindschaedler and Dr. Claire Peter-Favre from the Neuropsychology Unit of Lausanne's University Hospital in Switzerland, together with their colleagues Prof. Philippe Maeder, Dr. Thrse Hirsbrunner and Prof. Stephanie Clarke, investigated the case of a patient known as VJ, one of the few cases of developmental amnesia reported in the scientific literature. Repeated neuropsychological testing showed that VJ cannot remember being read a story or shown a picture half an hour earlier, or at least remembers little of it. At the same time however, VJ does do well on tests of general knowledge, also called semantic memory. In fact, when tested regularly over his childhood and teenage years, VJ was found to develop at the same rate as other children in areas of general knowledge and general intelligence.

Analysing MRI scans of VJ's brain, Dr. Philippe Maeder found very severe atrophy (wasting away of brain tissue) in the hippocampi, while the adjacent area of the brain, known as the perirhinal cortex, was relatively spared from damage. This latter area is hypothesised to be important for the acquisition of semantic memory. These findings lend support to the idea that episodic memory (but not semantic memory) depends on the hippocampus.


'/>"/>

Contact: Laura Fabri
l.fabri@elsevier.com
39-028-818-4302
Elsevier
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Circadian clock may be critical for remembering what you learn, Stanford researchers say
2. Old and young brains rely on different systems to remember emotional content
3. You must remember this: Scientists develop nasal spray that improves memory
4. Remember magnesium if you want to remember
5. To remember the good times, reach for the sky
6. Plants remember winter to bloom in spring with help of special molecule
7. Alcohol helps the brain remember, says new study
8. A better way to remember
9. New research shows forest trees remember their roots
10. People want to be asked before sharing genetic data
11. Moths with a nose for learning
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/23/2017)... ITHACA, N.Y. , June 23, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... leader in dairy research, today announced a new collaboration ... reduce the chances that the global milk supply is ... dairy project, Cornell University has become the newest academic ... Supply Chain, a food safety initiative that includes IBM ...
(Date:5/6/2017)... 5, 2017 RAM Group , ... new breakthrough in biometric authentication based on a ... properties to perform biometric authentication. These new sensors are ... created by Ram Group and its partners. This sensor ... supply chains and security. Ram Group is a ...
(Date:4/13/2017)... 13, 2017 UBM,s Advanced Design and Manufacturing ... feature emerging and evolving technology through its 3D Printing ... run alongside the expo portion of the event and ... demonstrations focused on trending topics within 3D printing and ... manufacturing event will take place June 13-15, 2017 at the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/15/2017)... -- After spending the past two years building a state-of-the-art technology ... now offers this platform to healthcare stakeholders (hospitals, foundations, biopharma companies ... data collection vis a vis their members, under their own brand. ... this offer. ... ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... ... ... Any expert in stem cell research or stem cell medicine knows well the ... Despite their essential roles in human health and regenerative medicine, adult tissue stem ... this purpose also tag other, more abundant, non-stem tissue cells ( See 2017 Cell ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... ... August 15, 2017 , ... JULABO USA introduces ... the new website makes it easy to navigate through the site whether you’re ... find detailed product information, educational industry content and visit the company’s social media ...
(Date:8/11/2017)... , Aug. 11, 2017  Market ... New York Times article regarding the telemedicine ... according to Kalorama Information.  The article, ... for That"  used information from Kalorama ... Monitoring & Telemedicine Market  (Sleep, Diabetes, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: