Navigation Links
When the ill need protection from the cure
Date:10/17/2008

In the quest to discover the root of illnesses, patients have to undergo an increasing number of scans and tests that may involve the use of ionising radiation to detect the source and scope of an ailment. However, this practice could also put patients at risk.

"There has been concern that new technologies are not providing the amount of patient protection that medical professionals had expected. This comes from continued radiation accidents in radiotherapy facilities, and continued reports of unnecessary radiation doses to patients in those diagnostic examinations," says the IAEA's Madan Rehani, a Radiation Safety Specialist.

So the IAEA will be conducting a session in Buenos Aires, Argentina to explore the impact of new imaging and radiation therapy technologies in medicine, from 18 - 19 October 2008.

For the first time medical experts, radiation protection experts and manufacturers of these machines will be discussing the issue to arrive at recommendations and guidelines, some of which shall apply to the industry.

It's estimated that each year there are about 4 billion X-ray examinations, 30 million nuclear medicine examinations and 5 million patients undergoing radiotherapy. But there's no accurate record of how much radiation a patient has been exposed to through the process of diagnosis and evaluation during a series of examinations.

"The IAEA has been giving substantial emphasis to the programme on radiation protection of patients," says Dr. Rehani. "We have a website which is unique in the world dedicated to the radiological protection of patients. The information is currently for health professionals and those who are participating in our projects from Member States. In future we want to have information for patients themselves."

The IAEA has been active in providing free training material online for health workers dealing with patient protection in different contexts, like diagnostic and interventional radiology, radiotherapy, nuclear medicine, cardiology and positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scanning.

According to a report by the UN Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation in 2000, patients are exposed to about 200 times more ionizing radiation than medical workers. In some countries, this figure can be nearly 500 times.

Seeking Solutions

Dr. Rehani says, "We also have projects in Member States finding out how much radiation patients are getting in different imaging procedures."

Medical practitioners in the 82 member states where studies are now being carried out, are then advised of how to reduce patient radiation doses without compromising diagnostic information or image quality.

In another 10 years, under the aims of the project, patients who wish to monitor themselves, could be able to check the amount of radiation they have been exposed to, not only through the course of their current examination, but over a lifetime.

Under Dr. Rehani's leadership, a team of professionals with significant expertise in radiation dose management and manufacturers will be developing methodology for a Smart Card project. The card would utilise a microchip carrying information about the radiation doses a patient receives. "We don't intend to make it obligatory. It will be a voluntary system. So it will take many years before it is widespread," says Dr. Rehani.

The team will have its first meeting early in 2009. Over the course of the next 3 years, they will focus on the minimum radiation quantities to be measured, guidelines, norms, disclaimers and security issues related to the use of the card. They will also liaise with companies that now produce chip cards that contain medical information, to see how radiation dosages can be measured and included on the current cards that are becoming available for medical records.

Although the Smart Card project is in its infancy, and the actual card will not be available for some time, this is a promising development for the future of patient information and radiation management.


'/>"/>

Contact: IAEA Press Office
press@iaea.org
International Atomic Energy Agency
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Stem cells may solve mystery of early pregnancy breast cancer protection
2. Vaccine against HER2-positive breast cancer offers complete protection in lab
3. 2009 Force Protection Equipment Demonstration Set for Next May 19-21
4. Vobile Launches VideoDNA Live; Enables Real-Time Digital Content Protection for Live Broadcast Events
5. Smithsonian researchers show major role of bats in plant protection
6. Need for federal protection against genetic discrimination
7. Environmental groups call for increased protection of coral reefs
8. A search for protection against chemotherapy cardiotoxicity
9. Better protection for biomedial devices could result from Rutgers-Camden research
10. Secure Services Corp. Achieves Milestone in United States Identity Protection with the Launch of the SSC SHAPE Card Management Solution
11. Antioxidants could provide all-purpose radiation protection
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/2/2016)... 2, 2016 This BCC Research report ... by reviewing the recent advances in high throughput ... the field forward. Includes forecast through 2019. ... challenges and opportunities that exist in the bioinformatic ... developers, as well as IT and bioinformatics service ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... , Feb. 2, 2016  Based on its ... & Sullivan recognizes US-based Intelligent Retinal Imaging Systems ... Sullivan Award for New Product Innovation. IRIS, a ... North America , is poised to ... growing diabetic retinopathy market. The IRIS technology presents ...
(Date:1/28/2016)... Jan. 28, 2016 Synaptics (NASDAQ: SYNA ), a ... its second quarter ended December 31, 2015. ... of fiscal 2016 increased 2 percent compared to the comparable quarter ... of fiscal 2016 was $35.0 million, or $0.93 per diluted share. ... income for the first quarter of fiscal 2016 grew 9 percent ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... 2016  Wellcentive today announced it has been ... -based community care organization (CCO) with more ... quality reporting and care management solutions and services. ... of quality managers, analysts and care managers while ... serving FamilyCare members. Oregon ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... 2016   BioInformant announces the February 2016 ... Products, Opportunities, Tools, and Technologies – Market Size, Segments, ... The first and only ... industry, BioInformant has more than a decade of historical ... by stem cell type. This powerful 175 page global ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... , Febr. 10, 2016 /PRNewswire/ - BioAmber Inc. (NYSE: ... to announce that Mitsui & Co. Ltd., its partner ... acid plant, is investing an additional CDN$25 million in ... its stake from 30% to 40%.  Mitsui will also ... acid produced in Sarnia , providing ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... -- ASAE is introducing a hybrid membership model which ... option of joining or renewing through an organizational purchasing ... size, every employee in any size association or AMC ... available member benefits.   John H. Graham, ... will allow organizations of any size and their employees ...
Breaking Biology Technology: