Navigation Links
When proteins change partners
Date:9/11/2009

LA JOLLA, Calif., September 11, 2009 Dieter Wolf, M.D., and colleagues at Burnham Institute for Medical Research (Burnham) have illuminated how competition between proteins enhances combinatorial diversity during ubiquitination (the process that marks proteins for destruction). Using S. pombe fission yeast as a model, the Wolf laboratory uncovered an intricate relationship, in which an array of Fbox proteins alternately attach to and are kicked off of a cullin-RING ubiquitin ligase (CRL1) containing CUL1 and Skp1. Without the Fbox, CRL1 cannot attach to the protein substrate or recruit ubiquitin, potentially preserving aberrant proteins. The research was published in the journal Molecular Cell on September 11.

S. pombe expresses 16 different Fbox proteins, some of which are regulated by the COP9 signalosome (CSN). The study shows that these proteins attach to CRL1 but are kicked off by the competing protein CAND1. Fbox proteins and CAND1 continue to trade places until they come in contact with the appropriate substrate of the protein being degraded. This phosphorylated substrate recruits the protein N8, which attaches to the complex and stabilizes the Fbox protein. Then the complex can attach to the substrate and recruit ubiquitin. Once this process is completed, N8 is removed, Fbox is destabilized and the process begins again.

"The tension between CAND1 and Fbox gives more Fbox proteins the opportunity to attach to CRL1," says Dr. Wolf. "Without CAND1, more prevalent Fbox proteins would dominate the process. We also found that, to bind to CRL1, the Fbox proteins must contain a specific proline residue. Only when the substrate is present can the Fbox protein be stabilized in the complex."

The laboratory tested eight of the 16 Fbox proteins. They found that five of the eight were regulated by the CSN and that CSN-insensitive proteins were missing a proline residue. They also found that the proline residue was required for CRL1 complex formation. The laboratory also determined that CAND1 deficiency and CSN deficiency produced different phenotypes, outlining the different roles they play in stabilizing CRL1.


'/>"/>

Contact: Josh Baxt
jbaxt@burnham.org
858-795-5236
Burnham Institute
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Researchers identify proteins involved in new neurodegenerative syndrome
2. NIH awards researcher $1.5 million new innovator grant for fruit-fly studies of prion proteins
3. Depression, aging, and proteins made by a virus may all play role in heart disease
4. New approach builds better proteins inside a computer
5. Legionnaires bacterial proteins work together to survive
6. Proteins pack tighter in crowded native state
7. MIT IDs proteins key to brain function
8. Cystic fibrosis proteins photographed interacting
9. Using carbon nanotubes to seek and destroy anthrax toxin and other harmful proteins
10. The precise role of seminal proteins in sustaining post-mating responses in fruit flies
11. Carnegie Mellon scientists develop fluorescent proteins for live cell imaging, biosensor design
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/3/2016)... PUNE, India , February 3, 2016 ... to the new market research report "Automated Fingerprint Identification ... (Tenprint Search, Latent Search), Application (Banking & Finance, Government, ... 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, the market is expected to ... estimated CAGR of 21.0% between 2015 and 2020. The ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... 2016 This BCC Research report provides ... reviewing the recent advances in high throughput ‘omic ... field forward. Includes forecast through 2019. ... and opportunities that exist in the bioinformatic market. ... as well as IT and bioinformatics service providers. ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... , Feb. 2, 2016  Based on ... Frost & Sullivan recognizes US-based Intelligent Retinal Imaging ... & Sullivan Award for New Product Innovation. IRIS, ... North America , is poised ... rapidly growing diabetic retinopathy market. The IRIS technology ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... Thomas J. Todorow has ... Vice President for Corporate Services and the Chief Financial Officer at The Children’s ... Operations, Treasury, Managed Care Contracting, Supply Chain, and Investments. , Prior to joining ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Information Management Services ( IMS ) is pleased to announce ... new technical foundation and is so significant it was endowed with a new name, ... for search results, a streamlined layout and a more intuitive format for navigating the ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... ... leading supplier of Semantic Graph Database technology, today announced the availability of AllegroGraph ... Cloudera Enterprise through the Cloudera Certified Technology Program (CCPT). AllegroGraph is ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... has an active R&D program for the development of ... Group has a unique research and development center in ... Bio Control products. Stockton has a ... regulatory guidelines, and is active in more than 35 counties ... Stockton,s flagship product Timorex Gold ® ...
Breaking Biology Technology: