New research from the University of Cincinnati provides food for thought.
The research examined how short-term and long-term hunger affected mate selection and aggression in female wolf spiders (Schizocosa ocreata) commonly found in the eastern United States and Canada. These female spiders are potentially aggressive and cannibalistic when approached by a courting male.
The research is published in the April 2011 print issue of the journal, "Animal Behavior." It was carried out by George Uetz, UC professor of biology, and former UC doctoral student Brian Moskalik, now a postdoctoral teaching fellow at College of the Holy Cross, Worcester, Mass.
According to Uetz, this research helps indicate what might result if environmental changes affect food resources for animal populations, shedding light on the possible effects of scarce resources on short- and long-term mating preferences and potential long-term population dynamics.
He added, "For instance, we had a drought this past summer, and we saw smaller spiders in the fall. This spring, we're getting a lot of rain, which will likely mean more insects and an abundant food supply for spiders. That should mean well-fed spiders this year and, according to our research, that will affect spider mating choices."
SATIATED (WELL-FED) FEMALE SPIDERS
Hunger does affect female spiders' receptivity to mating, with well-fed females showing the most overall receptivity to mate and the least aggression. These satiated females were, however, quite choosy, and were most receptive to large-bodied males with large leg tufts (an indication of success in foraging for food). As they aged, they showed lower levels of aggression, and that aggression was directed toward small-bodied males with small leg tufts.
Overall, female spiders that experienced short-term starvation showed relatively little receptivity to mating and higher levels o
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