Navigation Links
What genes help blossoms last longer?
Date:5/24/2010

This release is available in Spanish.

Some cut flowers and potted plants are better than others at fending off the aging process, known as senescence. To help tomorrow's blooms stay fresh longer, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) plant physiologist Cai-Zhong Jiang is investigating the gene-controlled mechanisms of plants' aging.

Such probing may eventually reveal how to modify flowers' aging-linked genes, or the proteins that are products of those genes.

Jiang is with the ARS Crops Pathology and Genetics Research Unit at Davis, Calif.

One approach, known as "virus-induced gene silencing" or VIGS, is allowing Jiang and colleagues to determine the function of genes in aging plants. In the laboratory, the scientists work with a naturally occurring microbe known as the tobacco rattle virus, modifying it by inserting plant genes of interest into it. In any given experiment, some flowering plants will not be exposed to the virus, while others will be exposed to either the unmodified or the modified virus.

Exposure triggers the plants' natural defense mechanism, including attempts to quash, or silence, the virus. When that happens, the genes that were inserted into the modified virus are also silenced. By comparing all of the plants, the researchers may be able to determine the newly-silenced genes' functions

In early, proof-of-concept experiments, Jiang and University of California-Davis professor Michael S. Reid used petunia as their model plant. They showed that inserting a piece of a color-imparting gene into the virus resulted in white sectors or splotches on a normally purple-flowering petunia. The plant's defense system had silenced the gene's normal function, which was to create color, according to Jiang.

A second gene fragment that the team also inserted into the virus was similarly silenced in the oddly white splotches. That silenced gene would normally have been involved in producing ethylene, an aging compound. But the white splotches on the plants exposed to the modified virus produced less ethylene than unexposed plants, or plants exposed to the unmodified virus.

Though VIGS has been used elsewhere to study the functions of genes in tomato and tobacco, the experiments by Reid and Jiang were the first to use VIGS to explore senescence mechanisms in commercially grown cut flowers and potted plants.


'/>"/>

Contact: Marcia Wood
Marcia.Wood@ars.usda.gov
301-504-1662
United States Department of Agriculture-Research, Education, and Economics
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Gene regulation, not just genes, is what sets humans apart
2. Interaction of just 2 genes governs coloration patterns in mice
3. Muscle mass: Scientists identify novel mode of transcriptional regulation during myogenesis
4. Study finds blocking angiogenesis signaling from inside cell may lead to serious health problems
5. Smoking turns on genes -- permanently
6. Genes, Environment and Health Initiative invests in genetic studies, environmental monitoring
7. Hebrew SeniorLife researchers search for aging, osteoporosis genes
8. UT Southwestern researchers identify hundreds of genes controlling female fertility
9. Genes and environment grant funds close look at nature-nurture overlap in common diseases
10. Jumping genes could make for safer gene delivery system
11. Genes from the father facilitate the formation of new species
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/14/2017)... , Feb. 14, 2017  Wake Forest Baptist Medical ... its new chief executive officer (CEO). Freischlag joins the ... John D. McConnell , M.D., who last year announced ... the Medical Center, after leading it since 2008.   ... scope of Wake Forest Baptist,s academic health system, which ...
(Date:2/8/2017)... About Voice Recognition Biometrics Voice recognition biometrics ... a stored voiceprint template. Acoustic features of an ... are compared to distinguish between individual voices. Voice ... PCs already have a microphone and can authenticate ... are most likely to be deployed in telephone-based ...
(Date:2/7/2017)... Feb. 7, 2017   MedNet Solutions , an ... spectrum of clinical research, is pleased to announce that ... its innovative, highly flexible and award winning eClinical solution, ... iMedNet is a proven Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) clinical ... Capture (EDC), but also delivers an entire suite of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/24/2017)... , Feb. 24, 2017  Driven by ... biotechnology are now the fastest growing categories, finds ... Specialty Actives in Personal Care: Multi-regional Market Analysis ... and management consulting firm Kline. "Biotechnology ... that make them more effective for skin and ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... 24, 2017  OncoSec Medical Incorporated ("OncoSec") (NASDAQ: ONCS), ... a Key Opinion Leader event to highlight new clinical ... poster presentation at the upcoming 2017 ASCO-SITC Immuno-Oncology Symposium ... will be held in-person and via live webcast on ... AM PST at the Lotte New York Palace Hotel ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... Calif. , Feb. 23, 2017  MIODx ... license for two key immunotherapy technologies from the ... technology provides a method to monitor a patient ... as PD-L1 and CTLA-4.  The second license extends ... a patient is likely to have an immune-related ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... ... in a published evaluation of multiple immunoassay-based threat detection technologies by researchers ... Laboratory, PathSensors’ CANARY® biosensor threat detection technology was found to have the ...
Breaking Biology Technology: