Navigation Links
Western Indian Ocean communities play vital role in conservation
Date:7/24/2014

An international team of researchers led by the University of York has carried out the first assessment of community-led marine conservation in the Western Indian Ocean.

The results, reported in the journal PLOS ONE, point to a revolution in the management of marine protected areas, with almost half of the sites more than 11,000 km in the region now under local community stewardship.

Marine protected areas (MPAs) are zones of the seas and coasts designed to protect wildlife from damage and disturbance and managed typically by governments rather than by local communities. They are rapidly increasing in number as countries rush to meet international conservation commitments.

Lead author Steve Rocliffe, a PhD researcher with York's Environment Department, said: "MPAs are vital tools for marine conservation but often fall short of their potential and can have negative impacts on local fishing communities.

"Against this backdrop, we're seeing coastal communities across a vast swathe of the Indian Ocean taking more responsibility for their resources by setting up conservation zones known as 'locally managed marine areas' or LMMAs.

"LMMAs put people at the centre: it's the fishers themselves who are making the management decisions, based on their needs, their priorities, and their traditional ecological knowledge."

The study, which covers a region of 11 coastal and island states stretching from Somalia in the north to South Africa in the south, was supported by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.

The inventory, which is a collaboration between the University of York, Blue Ventures Conservation and CORDIO, an East African research organisation, summarises information on 62 local initiatives and 74 MPAs, providing agencies, researchers and government officials with an important baseline against which to evaluate future efforts to expand marine conservation in the region.

The researchers assessed LMMAs in terms of geography, numbers, size and governance structures, comparing them with areas under government stewardship and evaluating their potential contributions towards Convention on Biodiversity targets to effectively conserve 10 per cent of marine and coastal ecological regions by 2020.

Dr Julie Hawkins, from York's Environment Department, said: "LMMAs have proven to be a cost-effective, scaleable, resilient and more socially acceptable alternative to more traditional 'top-down' methods of marine resource management. They have also shown promise as a means to safeguard food security, address coastal poverty, and help coastal communities to adapt to climate change."

Shawn Peabody of Blue Ventures Conservation, added: "We found that although locally managed marine areas are hampered by underdeveloped legal structures and enforcement mechanisms, they are emerging as a tool of choice in mainland Tanzania and Madagascar, where they cover 3.5 and 4.2 times more area than centrally managed MPAs respectively.

"The way forward now is to establish a network through which LMMA practitioners can share experiences and best practice."


'/>"/>

Contact: David Garner
david.garner@york.ac.uk
44-019-043-22153
University of York
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. NOAA, partners predict significant harmful algal bloom in western Lake Erie this summer
2. Scientists chart a baby boom -- in southwestern Native-Americans from 500 to 1300 A.D.
3. One of the last strongholds for Western chimpanzees
4. Western University study unlocking secrets of breast tissue
5. Southwestern bird and reptile distributions to shift as climate changes
6. Northwestern study tests drug against Parkinsons disease
7. UT Southwestern faculty member receives Norman Hackerman Award
8. UT Southwestern ob/gyn researchers studying genetic factors in premature births
9. Fish species unique to Hawaii dominate deep coral reefs in Northwestern Hawaiian Islands
10. Thirty-nine new species of endemic cockroach discovered in the southwestern US and Mexico
11. Western University primatologist teams with international group to save lemurs
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/9/2019)... ... March 08, 2019 , ... On International ... a new initiative focused on women in the field. The Women in ... seeks to celebrate and empower emerging female leaders in the cancer immunotherapy field. ...
(Date:3/1/2019)... ... ... Teresa Krabbe, Ph.D., a student in the working group of Dr. Jennifer ... an xCELLigence Research Grant for her proposal to develop adoptive T cell therapy as ... represent an exciting new aspect in the evolving field of cancer immunotherapy. Dr. Krabbe ...
(Date:2/22/2019)... Mass. (PRWEB) , ... February 20, 2019 , ... ... in biomedical devices and precision medicine, the traditional line between engineering and medical ... become smaller, faster and smarter, the medical device industry is making medical practice ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/14/2019)... ... March 13, 2019 , ... ... 2019 ISPE Europe Biotechnology Conference , taking place in Brussels, Belgium on 25–26 ... practices, technical and operational solutions, and innovative approaches. , “Biopharmaceuticals have become ...
(Date:3/12/2019)... (PRWEB) , ... March 11, 2019 , ... ... first hospital system in Colorado, and among the first in the nation, to ... around lab draws, IV placement and overall degree to which staff showed compassion ...
(Date:3/11/2019)... TORONTO (PRWEB) , ... March 11, 2019 , ... In ... be considered to improve your clinical trial efficiency and experience. Participants will learn how ... with clinical IRT expertise to ensure that the simple or complex randomization scheme is ...
(Date:3/9/2019)... DIEGO (PRWEB) , ... March 07, 2019 , ... ... Technologies, is a pioneer in the development and commercialization of high performance, cutting-edge ... PhysioStim, a leading European CRO with GLP-certified expertise in cardiovascular pharmacology and electrophysiology, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: