Navigation Links
Water channels in the body help cells remain in balance
Date:10/11/2011

Water channels exist not only in nature microscopical water channels are also present in the cells of the body, where they ensure that water can be transported through the protective surface of the cell. Scientists at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, have discovered that one type of the body's water channels can be modified such that it becomes more stable , which may be significant in the treatment of several diseases.

"It's important to understand how the water channels, which are known as 'aquaporins', in the body work, since they control many of the processes in our cells and tissues. They also determine what is to be transported into and out of the cell, and they are thus highly significant in the development of new treatments for various diseases, such as eczema, cerebral oedema, obesity and cancer", says Kristina Hedfalk of the Department of Chemistry at the University of Gothenburg.

Aquaporins are vital

There are 13 different types of aquaporins in the human body. One of these, AQP2, is found in the kidney where it is responsible for a large-volume recirculation of water from the primary urine every day. Without this, we would urinate nearly 10 litres every day. Another variant, AQP4, is found in the brain where it contributes to regulation of the osmotic pressure in the sensitive brain tissue. This regulation is particularly important in those who are affected by cerebral oedema, which is a life-threatening condition that can follow a blow to the head or a stroke.

The research group, which consists of Fredrik berg, Jennie Sjhamn, Gerhard Fischer, Andreas Moberg, Anders Pedersen, Richard Neutze and Kristina Hedfalk, describes their studies of one of the most recently discovered aquaporins in an article in the scientific journal The Journal of Biological Chemistry. This aquaporin, AQP10, is preferentially found in the intestine, and is particularly interesting since it transports both water and sugar alcohols.

Carbohydrates stabilise the water channel

"AQP10 differs from other aquaporins by having a large carbohydrate structure of branched sugar molecules, somewhat similar to a tree, attached on its outer surface. This makes it significantly more stable. This may be because aquaporins in the intestine need to be particularly stable. What we have shown is that AQP10 retains its transport ability, even if the carbohydrate structure is removed."


'/>"/>

Contact: Kristina Hedfalk
kristina.hedfalk@chem.gu.se
46-031-786-3923
University of Gothenburg
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Colossal aggregations of giant alien freshwater fish as a potential biogeochemical hotspot
2. Scientists identify microbes responsible for consuming natural gas in Deepwater Horizon spill
3. University of California Santa Barbara study reveals how gas, temperature controlled bacterial response to Deepwater Horizon spill
4. Tree frogs chill out to collect precious water
5. Managing future forests for water
6. Dead Sea researchers discover freshwater springs and numerous micro-organisms
7. Water and sanitation related diseases and the environment
8. Emerging contaminants of concern detected throughout Narragansett Bay watershed
9. Captive breeding could transform the saltwater aquarium trade and save coral reefs
10. Study in underwater laboratory may help manage seaweed-eating fish that protect coral
11. Water evaporated from trees cools global climate
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/18/2016)... --> --> Competitive Landscape Analysis ... Physical infrastructure and Perimeter Surveillance & Detection Systems ... and the continuing migration crisis in the Middle ... led visiongain to publish this unique report, which is crucial ... & security companies in the border security market and the ...
(Date:3/15/2016)... , March 15, 2016 --> ... published by Transparency Market Research "Digital Door Lock Systems Market ... 2015 - 2023," the global digital door lock systems market ... in 2014 and is forecast to grow at a CAGR ... micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) across the world and ...
(Date:3/14/2016)... NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" or the "Company"), a company ... of a new series of commercials on Time Warner Cable ... .  The commercials will air on Bloomberg TV, Fox Business ... show. --> NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" or the "Company"), ... the airing of a new series of commercials on Time ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... ... and traumatic injuries, will be accelerated by research at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) ... of wound healing and tissue regeneration. , The novel method, developed by WPI ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... Antonio, Texas (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2016 , ... The need for blood donations ... released this week by the South Texas Blood & Tissue Center, blood donations are on ... than 30 years, and they are down 21 percent in South Texas in the last ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... LONDON , May 23, 2016 ... Efficiency by 40% - Frontage Implement a Single Platform ... Quality, Compliance and Traceability Within the Bioanalytical lab Frontage ... the United States and China ... across its laboratory facilities. In addition to serving as the global ...
(Date:5/20/2016)... , ... May 20, 2016 , ... The leading Regenerative ... its most experienced veterinary clients have treated over 100 of their own patients with ... to provide the highest level of care for their patients. , The veterinarians ...
Breaking Biology Technology: