Navigation Links
Want a good night's sleep in the New Year? Quit smoking
Date:1/2/2014

As if cancer, heart disease and other diseases were not enough motivation to make quitting smoking your New Year's resolution, here's another wake-up call: New research published in the January 2014 issue of The FASEB Journal suggests that smoking disrupts the circadian clock function in both the lungs and the brain. Translation: Smoking ruins productive sleep, leading to cognitive dysfunction, mood disorders, depression and anxiety.

"This study has found a common pathway whereby cigarette smoke impacts both pulmonary and neurophysiological function. Further, the results suggest the possible therapeutic value of targeting this pathway with compounds that could improve both lung and brain functions in smokers," said Irfan Rahman, Ph.D., a researcher involved in the work from the Department of Environmental Medicine at the University of Rochester Medical Center in Rochester, N.Y. "We envisage that our findings will be the basis for future developments in the treatment of those patients who are suffering with tobacco smoke-mediated injuries and diseases.

Rahman and colleagues found that tobacco smoke affects clock gene expression rhythms in the lung by producing parallel inflammation and depressed levels of brain locomotor activity. Short- and long- term smoking decreased a molecule known as SIRTUIN1 (SIRT1, an anti-aging molecule) and this reduction altered the level of the clock protein (BMAL1) in both lung and brain tissues in mice. A similar reduction was seen in lung tissue from human smokers and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). They made this discovery using two groups of mice which were placed in smoking chambers for short-term and long-term tobacco inhalation. One of the groups was exposed to clean air only and the other was exposed to different numbers of cigarettes during the day. Researchers monitored their daily activity patterns and found that these mice were considerably less active following smoke exposure.

Scientists then used mice deficient in SIRT1 and found that tobacco smoke caused a dramatic decline in activity but this effect was attenuated in mice that over expressed this protein or were treated with a small pharmacological activator of the anti-aging protein. Further results suggest that the clock protein, BMAL1, was regulated by SIRT1, and the decrease in SIRT1 damaged BMAL1, resulting in a disturbance in the sleep cycle/molecular clock in mice and human smokers. However, this defect was restored by a small molecule activator of SIRT1.

"If you only stick to one New Year's resolution this year, make it quitting smoking," said Gerald Weissmann, M.D., Editor-in-Chief of The FASEB Journal. "Only Santa Claus has a list longer than that of the ailments caused or worsened by smoking. If you like having a good night's sleep, then that's just another reason to never smoke."


'/>"/>

Contact: Cody Mooneyhan
cmooneyhan@faseb.org
301-634-7104
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Breaking up isnt hard to do -- the secret lives of corals on dark and stormy nights
2. Obstructive sleep apneas damage evident after 1 month
3. Longer sleep times may counteract genetic factors related to weight gain
4. Overweight? New research explains how proper sleep is important for healthy weight
5. The big sleep
6. Weight gain induced by high-fat diet increases active-period sleep and sleep fragmentation
7. Study identifies how muscles are paralyzed during sleep
8. Sleep deprivation may reduce risk of PTSD according to Ben-Gurion U. researchers
9. Rust never sleeps
10. Sleep-deprived bees have difficulty relearning
11. Could poor sleep contribute to symptoms of schizophrenia?
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/21/2016)... 21, 2016 NuData Security announced today that ... of principal product architect and that Jon ... customer development. Both will report directly to ... moves reflect NuData,s strategic growth in its product ... customer demand and customer focus values. ...
(Date:6/15/2016)... ALBANY, New York , June 15, 2016 ... published a new market report titled "Gesture Recognition Market ... Trends and Forecast, 2016 - 2024". According to the ... at USD 11.60 billion in 2015 and is ... and reach USD 48.56 billion by 2024.  ...
(Date:6/7/2016)... , June 7, 2016  Syngrafii Inc. and ... business relationship that includes integrating Syngrafii,s patented LongPen™ ... project. This collaboration will result in greater convenience ... credit union, while maintaining existing document workflow and ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Robots will storm the Prudential Center in ... 2016. The event, which is held on the United Nations International Day of Persons ... back into the workplace. Suitable Technologies is partnering with NTI to showcase how technology ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2016 , ... ... new moving magnet Voice Coil Actuator with a flexure design that ensures high ... life with cost-effective pricing and is ideally suited where extreme precision is required, ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... BOCA RATON, Fla. , Nov. 30, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... immunological biotherapeutic products, is pleased to announce the addition ... 1st Avenue Kearney, Nebraska . The ... for business on November 29th, 2016 and brings the ... Ileana Carlisle , BPC,s Chief ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... BEIJING , Nov. 30, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... of genomic services and solutions with cutting edge next-generation ... has completed a USD $75 Million [515 Million RMB] ... CMB International Capital Management ( Shenzhen ) ... Ltd. ("SDIC Innovation") and Shanghai Sigma Square Investment Center ...
Breaking Biology Technology: