Navigation Links
Wall, war, wealth: 30 years of science

Montreal, QC (CNW) February 17, 2010 A Discussion Paper released today by Science-Metrix Inc. examines geopolitical shifts in knowledge creation over the past three decades in the ex-USSR, the Middle East and Asia.

Using information extracted from the Web of Science (Thomson Reuters) database of scientific publications spanning the last 30 years (1980 to 2009), the paper examines the effects of geopolitical change on scientific production.

"When we started this research, we expected to find Asian countries growing rapidly," says Eric Archambault, author of the Discussion Paper and president of Science-Metrix. "But we were both awed and pleasantly surprised. Asia is catching up even more rapidly than previously thought, Europe is holding its position more than most would expect, and the Middle East is a region to watch."

As one example of geopolitical change and its effects, the study cites the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. While the levels of scientific output of most of the ex-Soviet republics (with the exception of Lithuania and Estonia) have yet to recover, those of other ex-members of the Warsaw Pact surged very shortly after the fall of the Iron Curtain.

The paper also discusses the Middle East, where constant political tensions and armed conflict have led to substantially different responses in the development of national scientific systems. Iraq's system is still shattered, and Kuwait's still hasn't fully recovered. Importantly, Iran has exhibited one of the fastest growth rates in scientific production the world over. The growth and specific efforts in strategic subfields indicate that this may be the result of Iran's highly controversial nuclear technology development program.

The paper concludes with an examination of global trends in scientific production and highlights Asia's rising dominance on the research front. Over the last 30 years, Asia's share of world scientific output grew by 155% and, as of 2009, surpassed that of Northern America. China, in particular, has shown spectacular progressits output of peer-reviewed scientific papers grew more than five times faster than that of the US, and it is set to meet the US level of output in natural sciences and engineering in 2010, and in 2015 overall.

"These data provide a lot of food for thought," says Dr. Archambault. "Science is growing in importance, but we don't know much about how politics affects science and not even how science affects policy."


Contact: Trina L. Foster

Related biology news :

1. 2 years old -- a childhood obesity tipping point?
2. Walkerton Tragedy: 10 years of research leads to breakthrough
3. The sea level has been rising and falling over the last 2,500 years
4. Supervolcano eruption -- in Sumatra -- deforested India 73,000 years ago
5. The largest bat in Europe inhabited northeastern Spain more than 10,000 years ago
6. Ethiopias climate 27 million years ago had higher rainfall, warmer soil
7. A trees response to environmental changes: What can we expect over the next 100 years?
8. UF to get $64 million over 6 years to study disability prevention in older Americans
9. LLNL technology cleans up Visalia Superfund 100 years ahead of schedule
10. Key feature of immune system survived in humans, other primates for 60 million years
11. Scientists discover Amazon river is 11 million years old
Post Your Comments:
(Date:9/30/2015)... , Sept. 30, 2015  With nearly 300,000 ... number of new SCIs estimated to reach 12,500 annually, ... Southern California Resource Services for Independent Living (SCRS-IL) ... in California opening doors to ... of programs and services, notably assistive technology services and ...
(Date:9/29/2015)... SUNNYVALE, Calif. , Sept. 29, 2015 ... technology improves employee productivity while also saving energy ... features such as Low Power Active Mode and embedded ... workplace transformation Fujitsu today shows that ... of new and refreshed models to its enterprise desktop ...
(Date:9/28/2015)... 2015  The monitoring of vital signs, such ... is an essential component of patient assessment. Changes ... in a patient,s condition. However, in general care ... taken during routine observation rounds only once every ... between these observation rounds, the warning signs can ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/12/2015)... octubre de 2015 El 8 de octubre, ... récord en el congreso con su declaración acerca del ... Plasma Awareness Week (IPAW), que se celebrará del 11 ... la Plasma Protein Therapeutics Association (PPTA) y ... , Aumentar la concienciación mundial acerca de la donación ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... 2015 LabStyle Innovations Corp. ... today announced its Medical Director, Dr. Moshe Kamar ... 5th EAI International Conference on Wireless Mobile Communication ... in mobile and wireless technologies," the conference will take ... October 14 - 16, 2015. The conference is endorsed ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2015 , ... ... today that Dr. Srini Srinivasan, has joined the firm as a Premier Expert ... professional stature enable them to bring extraordinary value to the company's clients. ...
(Date:10/11/2015)... ... October 11, 2015 , ... ... has been officially launched and multiple surgeries have been completed with this new ... of the Neuroscience & Spine Center of the Carolinas. The Revolution™ Spinal ...
Breaking Biology Technology: