Navigation Links
Walkerton Tragedy: 10 years of research leads to breakthrough
Date:1/27/2010

This release is available in French.

Studies of the victims of the Walkerton, Ont. tainted drinking water tragedy have led researchers to discover DNA variations in genes that increase the risk of developing post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome (PI-IBS). The sheer scale of infection and the recording of the health of Walkerton's citizens gave a team of researchers a unique opportunity to study the origin of this disorder.

"Although the exact cause of PI-IBS remains unknown, we now know for the first time that, in addition to the environmental trigger, genetic factors are also playing a critical role in the development of this disease," explains McGill PhD Alexandra-Chlo Villani, who led the team under the direction of principal investigators John K. Marshall (McMaster) and Denis Franchimont (formerly of McGill). Stephen Collins (McMaster) also collaborated.

Almost 10 years ago, the municipal water supply of Walkerton was contaminated with E. coli and Campylobacter jejuni, leading to a public health disaster. Seven people died and 2,300 suffered symptoms, including bloody diarrhea. Of these 2,300, 36 per cent developed PI-IBS, giving the town the highest incidence of PI-IBS ever reported.

PI-IBS is a functional bowel disorder that has an acute onset after an episode of gastroenteritis. "These patients suffer from chronic abdominal pain, discomfort, bloating and disturbed defecation in the absence of any detectable structural or biochemical abnormalities," said Marshall, a gastroenterologist. "After the exclusion of known organic disorders, like Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, such patients are diagnosed with PI-IBS."

"The biological implications of the identified genetic risk factors emphasize the important roles of the gut microbial flora, intestinal barrier function and inflammatory pathways in contributing to the onset of PI-IBS," Villani explained. Though these results will not lead to any new short-term treatments for PI-IBS, Marshall is confident that in the longer term the research will lead to better patient care, including potentially novel therapeutic targets for research, as well as improved medical decision-making ("risk stratification") concerning victims of future outbreaks.


'/>"/>

Contact: William Raillant-Clark
william.raillant-clark@mcgill.ca
514-398-2189
McGill University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. First orchid fossil puts showy blooms at some 80 million years old
2. ESA celebrates 100 years of insect science journals
3. Researchers detect hint of oxygen 50 to 100 million years earlier than first believed
4. The benefits of 80 million years without sex
5. Researchers find origin of breathable atmosphere half a billion years ago
6. Fossil record reveals elusive jellyfish more than 500 million years old
7. Rodent fossils allows to determine climate of the Iberian Peninsula 6 million years ago
8. Atomic bomb survivor, scientists mark 60 years of long-term radiation study
9. Molecular Biology of the Cell celebrates 25 years of publication
10. 4 health behaviors can add 14 extra years of life
11. After more than 100 years apart, webworms devastate New Zealand parsnips
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/24/2017)... Spain , Feb. 24, 2017  EyeLock LLC, a ... demonstrate its elite iris biometric solution on the ... X16 LTE at Mobile World Congress 2017 ... Qualcomm,s Booth in Hall 3, Stand 3E10. ... the Qualcomm Haven™ security platform—a combination of ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... 21, 2017 Der weltweite Biobanking-Sektor ... Nach einem Gespräch mit mehr als 50 Vertretern aus verschiedenen ... überwinden gilt, um diese Prognose zu realisieren. ... Zu ... der finanziellen Mittel für die Biobank, die Implementierung Zeit ...
(Date:2/13/2017)... Feb. 13, 2017  RSA Conference -- RSA, a ... is designed to enhance fraud detection and investigation ... the RSA Fraud & Risk Intelligence Suite. The ... leverage additional insights from internal and external sources ... protect their customers from targeted cybercrime attacks. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... February 24, 2017 , ... FireflySci, Inc is an explosive ... 2014, FireflySci had the goal of bringing their powerful cuvette and spectrophotometer ... the path that FireflySci is going on as they add yet another mark on ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... -- Financial Highlights ... unaudited)Three Months Ended December 31,Twelve Months Ended December 31,20162015% ... $           300$   ... Product Revenue 3539(10)%9498(4)%Kuvan Net Product ... 756025%297303(2)%Vimizim Net Product Revenue ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... 2017  Seattle,s upscale Capitol Hill neighborhood, with its swanky shops, ... a head lice treatment salon to set up shop. But ... and a French bistro on E Madison Ave, and CEO ... any old lice clinic, we pride ourselves on being a ... some of the stigma associated with lice. Everyone can get ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... Today, researchers can ... adiponectin, uric acid, and/or other biomarkers or SNPs of interest) using one, easy-to-collect ... SalivaLab , the relationship between insulin and other relevant biomarkers can be extensively ...
Breaking Biology Technology: