Navigation Links
Vultures dying at alarming rate
Date:11/17/2011

Vultures in South Asia were on the brink of extinction until Lindsay Oaks and Richard Watson, from The Peregrine Fund in the US, undertook observational and forensic studies to find out why the number of birds was falling so rapidly. They discovered the vultures were being poisoned by residues of an anti-inflammatory drug (diclofenac) used in cattle and other livestock, whose carcasses they feed on. The work is presented in a chapter of the new book, 'Wildlife Ecotoxicology - Forensic Approaches,' published by Springer.

According to the authors: "The story is far from over and the stakes are high. The failure to effectively control carcass contamination by diclofenac will likely lead to extinction of these magnificent birds which, through their scavenger role, have controlled the spread of infectious disease for millennia, as well as provided other important ecological services."

Oaks and Watson describe their scientific investigations, including their many challenges and setbacks, following the unprecedented decline in the population of two of the world's most abundant raptors - the Oriental White-backed vulture and the Long-billed vulture - in India in the 1990s, and neighboring Pakistan by the early 2000s. They describe how they were able to prove that the commonly used anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac, fed to ailing cattle and other livestock, was being ingested by the wild birds feeding on the carcasses and causing visceral gout, a manifestation of renal failure.

The authors go on to discuss their efforts in 2004 to get the governments of India, Pakistan and Nepal to take note and act, faced with the irrefutable proof that diclofenac was responsible for the declining numbers of vultures at such a catastrophic rate. They demonstrate how solid science can facilitate a rapid regulatory response - with India, Nepal and Pakistan all banning the manufacture of veterinary diclofenac in 2006.

In spite of the researchers' 10-year crusade and significant accomplishments, veterinary diclofenac continues to be used widely and illegally almost four years after the drug was banned, leaving the fate of wild Gyps vultures in doubt. The authors highlight a number of potential measures which could lead to a more effective implementation of the ban.

This forensic work and other scientific detective cases are featured in 'Wildlife Ecotoxicology - Forensic Approaches.' The editors present case-by-case examinations of the science, describing the challenges biologists personally face while doing their research and bringing these issues to the public and regulatory forum.


'/>"/>
Contact: Joan Robinson
joan.robinson@springer.com
49-622-148-78130
Springer
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Increase in Cambodias vultures gives hope to imperiled scavengers
2. Humans helped vultures colonize the Canary Islands
3. Researchers discover that growing up too fast may mean dying young in honey bees
4. Methods for studying DNA repair and protein modification are featured in CSH Protocols
5. UNH researchers studying spiny dogfish, Gulf of Maines mini shark
6. Study finds hemlock trees dying rapidly, affecting forest carbon cycle
7. Is the Dead Sea dying?
8. Douglas-fir, geoducks make strange bedfellows in studying climate change
9. Severe breathing disorders during sleep are associated with an increased risk of dying
10. LSU receives $3.6 million to fund center studying hazardous waste cleanup and health impacts
11. Insufficient levels of vitamin D puts elderly at increased risk of dying from heart disease
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/9/2016)... 9, 2016 Elevay is currently ... expanding freedom for high net worth professionals seeking travel ... globally connected world, there is still no substitute for ... duplicate sealing your deal with a firm handshake. This ... taking advantage of citizenship via investment programs like those ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... DUBLIN , April 27, 2016 ... of the  "Global Multi-modal Biometrics Market 2016-2020"  report ... ) , The analysts forecast ... a CAGR of 15.49% during the period 2016-2020.  ... a number of sectors such as the healthcare, ...
(Date:4/13/2016)... 13, 2016  IMPOWER physicians supporting Medicaid patients in ... new clinical standard in telehealth thanks to a new ... higi platform, IMPOWER patients can routinely track key health ... mass index, and, when they opt in, share them ... to a local retail location at no cost. By ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... , ... The Academy of Model Aeronautics is thrilled to announce a new ... through Labor Day 2016. Bill Chaffee’s Boeing P-12B will be exhibited thanks to a ... first place for Senior Scale Model at the 1930 National Airplane Model League of ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... , ... May 27, 2016 , ... PBI-Gordon Corporation is ... and Ornamental Products. , In his 15-year career with PBI-Gordon, Dave has served in ... where he was integral in the development and launch of many of PBI-Gordon’s most ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... -- At present, the Biotech sphere is in ... that volatility is what makes this industry interesting to consider. ... Corp. (NASDAQ: SNTA ), CTI BioPharma Corp. (NASDAQ: ... ), and Heat Biologics Inc. (NASDAQ: HTBX ). ... for these stocks at: http://www.activewallst.com/register/ ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... 26, 2016 Q BioMed Inc. (OTCQB: ... be a featured presenter at the 5th Annual Marcum MicroCap ... York City at the Grand Hyatt Hotel. ... BioMed Inc. CEO, is scheduled to begin at 11a.m ET ... business strategy, recent developments and outline milestones for the balance ...
Breaking Biology Technology: