Navigation Links
Voracious comb jellyfish 'invisible' to prey
Date:10/12/2010

Despite its primitive structure, the North American comb jellyfish can sneak up on its prey like a high-tech stealth submarine, making it a successful predator. Researchers, including one from the University of Gothenburg, have now been able to show how the jellyfish makes itself hydrodynamically 'invisible'.

The North American comb jellyfish Mnemiopsis leidyi has long been known to consume vast quantities of zooplankton. A few years ago the species became established in Northern Europe.

Like many other jellyfish, Mnemiopsis leidyi has a large gelatinous body. The large size increases its chances of encountering prey, but can also be a disadvantage since the prey organisms are often highly sensitive to movements in the water. Nevertheless, the comb jellyfish manages to catch large amounts of copepod plankton, which are known for their acute escape response.

Able to catch the world's most vigilant plankton

'Copepods have a well developed ability to detect even the slightest water disturbance,' says Lars Johan Hansson, a researcher at the Department of Marine Ecology at the University of Gothenburg. 'They can swim well clear of the source of water deformation in just a split second. How the comb jellyfish is able to approach and catch some of the animal world's most vigilant plankton has up until now been unknown.'

The researchers used advanced video technology to study water flows around and within the comb jellyfish. These measurements were then used to calculate the water deformation generated by the jellyfish and compare this with the levels that trigger an escape response in copepods.

'It emerged that the comb jellyfish uses microscopic, hairlike cilia inside its oral lobes to generate a feeding current that carefully transports water between the lobes. As the water accelerates slowly and is transported undisturbed into the jellyfish together with the prey, there is nothing that alarms the prey until it is next to the capture site inside the lobes, by which time it's too late to escape. This makes the jellyfish a hydrodynamically silent predator.'


'/>"/>

Contact: Lars Johan Hansson
lars.hansson@marecol.gu.se
46-317-862-624
University of Gothenburg
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Voracious sponges save reef
2. Lethal backfire: Green odor with fatal consequences for voracious caterpillars
3. New online report on massive jellyfish swarms released
4. Fireflies and jellyfish help illuminate quest for cause of infertility
5. Jellyfish joyride a threat to the oceans
6. Scientists unravel evolution of highly toxic box jellyfish
7. The jellyfish-like salp: Most efficient filter-feeder in the deep, scientists discover
8. Research shows that invisible hand guides evolution of cooperative turn-taking
9. Seeing previously invisible molecules for the first time
10. UW-built device reveals invisible world teeming with microscopic algae
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Voracious comb jellyfish 'invisible' to prey
(Date:3/30/2017)... 2017  On April 6-7, 2017, Sequencing.com will host ... hackathon at Microsoft,s headquarters in Redmond, ... on developing health and wellness apps that provide a ... Genome is the first hackathon for personal genomics ... companies in the genomics, tech and health industries are ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... , March 28, 2017 ... Biometrics), Hardware (Camera, Monitors, Servers, Storage Devices), Software (Video ... and Region - Global Forecast to 2022", published by ... in 2016 and is projected to reach USD 75.64 ... 2017 and 2022. The base year considered for the ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... , March 23, 2017 The report "Gesture Recognition and ... Industry, and Geography - Global Forecast to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the market ... CAGR of 29.63% between 2017 and 2022. Continue ... ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/16/2017)... ... May 16, 2017 , ... ... availability of its new ProxiMeta™ Hi-C metagenomic deconvolution service. ProxiMeta enables researchers ... or high-molecular-weight DNA extraction—speeding research insights at lower cost. , “We’re very ...
(Date:5/16/2017)... Village, CA (PRWEB) , ... May 16, 2017 ... ... personalized medicine technology and cancer diagnostics, has released its ClearID Lung Cancer blood ... altered in lung cancer, this new test is designed to quickly and accurately ...
(Date:5/16/2017)... ... (PRWEB) May 16, 2017 , ... ... Chinese Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons (CAOS), long-standing development partners Invibio Biomaterial Solutions, ... interbody spine surgery workshop to help expand knowledge of the implantation of ...
(Date:5/15/2017)... ... May 15, 2017 , ... Tunnell Consulting announced that ... “The Key Role of Specifications in Process Validation,” at the Process Validation Summit ... will bring together leaders from the pharmaceutical and biotech industries to explore processes, strategies ...
Breaking Biology Technology: