Navigation Links
Voracious comb jellyfish 'invisible' to prey
Date:10/12/2010

Despite its primitive structure, the North American comb jellyfish can sneak up on its prey like a high-tech stealth submarine, making it a successful predator. Researchers, including one from the University of Gothenburg, have now been able to show how the jellyfish makes itself hydrodynamically 'invisible'.

The North American comb jellyfish Mnemiopsis leidyi has long been known to consume vast quantities of zooplankton. A few years ago the species became established in Northern Europe.

Like many other jellyfish, Mnemiopsis leidyi has a large gelatinous body. The large size increases its chances of encountering prey, but can also be a disadvantage since the prey organisms are often highly sensitive to movements in the water. Nevertheless, the comb jellyfish manages to catch large amounts of copepod plankton, which are known for their acute escape response.

Able to catch the world's most vigilant plankton

'Copepods have a well developed ability to detect even the slightest water disturbance,' says Lars Johan Hansson, a researcher at the Department of Marine Ecology at the University of Gothenburg. 'They can swim well clear of the source of water deformation in just a split second. How the comb jellyfish is able to approach and catch some of the animal world's most vigilant plankton has up until now been unknown.'

The researchers used advanced video technology to study water flows around and within the comb jellyfish. These measurements were then used to calculate the water deformation generated by the jellyfish and compare this with the levels that trigger an escape response in copepods.

'It emerged that the comb jellyfish uses microscopic, hairlike cilia inside its oral lobes to generate a feeding current that carefully transports water between the lobes. As the water accelerates slowly and is transported undisturbed into the jellyfish together with the prey, there is nothing that alarms the prey until it is next to the capture site inside the lobes, by which time it's too late to escape. This makes the jellyfish a hydrodynamically silent predator.'


'/>"/>

Contact: Lars Johan Hansson
lars.hansson@marecol.gu.se
46-317-862-624
University of Gothenburg
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Voracious sponges save reef
2. Lethal backfire: Green odor with fatal consequences for voracious caterpillars
3. New online report on massive jellyfish swarms released
4. Fireflies and jellyfish help illuminate quest for cause of infertility
5. Jellyfish joyride a threat to the oceans
6. Scientists unravel evolution of highly toxic box jellyfish
7. The jellyfish-like salp: Most efficient filter-feeder in the deep, scientists discover
8. Research shows that invisible hand guides evolution of cooperative turn-taking
9. Seeing previously invisible molecules for the first time
10. UW-built device reveals invisible world teeming with microscopic algae
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Voracious comb jellyfish 'invisible' to prey
(Date:4/11/2017)... DUBLIN , Apr. 11, 2017 Research ... Tracking Market 2017-2021" report to their offering. ... The global eye tracking market to grow at ... The report, Global Eye Tracking Market 2017-2021, has been prepared based ... report covers the market landscape and its growth prospects over the ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... NEW YORK , April 5, 2017 ... security, is announcing that the server component of the ... is known for providing the end-to-end security architecture that ... customers. HYPR has already secured over 15 ... system makers including manufacturers of connected home product suites ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... March 30, 2017 The research team of ... three-dimensional (3D) fingerprint identification by adopting ground breaking 3D fingerprint minutiae ... realm of speed and accuracy for use in identification, crime investigation, ... cost. ... A research ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... solutions provider, announced the latest version of LimitLIS®, its rapidly growing Laboratory Information ... speed up user adoption, ensure installation integrity, and provide more customization options. Each ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... Muncie, IN (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 ... ... leading voice for model aircraft flying hobbyists, and the University Aviation Association (UAA), ... for college students. The UAS4STEM Collegiate Challenge will encourage teamwork, competition, and success ...
(Date:6/22/2017)... ... June 21, 2017 , ... Building on the success of the ... informative on the very latest developments in radical life extension. RAADfest combines cutting edge ... and the empowerment of personal development, making it the largest most comprehensive and inclusive ...
(Date:6/22/2017)... ... 22, 2017 , ... For the months of May and ... Spotlight series on “Cell Therapy Regulation” for its regenerative medicine followship. ... unique regulatory challenges of stem cell medical research. , Stem cell clinical trials ...
Breaking Biology Technology: