Navigation Links
Vitamin D and calcium influence cell death in the colon, researchers find
Date:4/13/2008

Researchers at Emory University are learning how vitamins and minerals in the diet can stimulate or prevent the appearance of colon cancer.

Emory investigators will present their findings on biological markers that could influence colon cancer risk in three abstracts at the American Association for Cancer Research meeting in San Diego.

In a clinical study of 92 patients, supplementing diet with calcium and vitamin D appeared to increase the levels of a protein called Bax that controls programmed cell death in the colon. More Bax might be pushing pre-cancerous cells into programmed cell death, says Emory researcher Veronika Fedirko, who will present her team's results (abstract 464).

Previous studies have shown that calcium and vitamin D tend to reduce colon cancer risk.

"We were pleased that the effects of calcium and vitamin D were visible enough in this small study to be significant and reportable," Fedirko says. "We will have to fully evaluate each marker's strength as we accumulate more data."

The studies of colorectal biopsy samples are part of a larger effort to identify a portfolio of measurements that together can gauge someone's risk of getting colon cancer, says Roberd Bostick, MD, MPH, professor of epidemiology at Emory's Rollins School of Public Health.

"We want to have the equivalent of measuring cholesterol or high blood pressure, but for colon cancer instead of heart disease," Bostick says. "These measurements will describe the climate of risk in the colon rather than spotting individual tumors or cells that may become tumors."

More about Bostick's plans for developing non-invasive blood or urine tests for colon cancer risk is available in an Emory Health Sciences Magazine article: http://whsc.emory.edu/_pubs/hsc/winter08/pdf/hold_out_your_finger.pdf

Another abstract from Bostick and his colleagues (565) demonstrates in a 200-patient case-control study that high levels of calcium and vitamin D together are associated with increased levels of E-cadherin, which moderates colon cells' movement and proliferation.

A third abstract on the same case-control study (5504) shows that high levels of iron in the diet are linked to low levels of APC, a protein whose absence in colon cancer cells leads to their runaway growth.

Bostick and his colleagues are participating in a ten-year multi-center study of the effects of increased vitamin D and calcium and biomarker-guided treatment of colon cancer recurrence. The study involves almost 2,500 people nationwide who have regular colonoscopies.


'/>"/>

Contact: Ashante Dobbs
adobbs2@emory.edu
404-727-5692
Emory University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Vitamin E may increase tuberculosis risk in male smokers with high vitamin C intake
2. Team finds an economical way to boost the vitamin A content of maize
3. New way to produce high-vitamin corn could improve nutrition in developing countries
4. Jefferson scientists studying the effects of high-dose vitamin C on non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients
5. Vitamin B-12 function may be diminished by excessive folate
6. Could vitamin D, a key milk nutrient, affect how you age?
7. Study shows vitamin C is essential for plant growth
8. Vitamin E trials fatally flawed
9. Low vitamin D linked to higher risk of hip fracture
10. Low vitamin D during pregnancy linked to pre-eclampsia
11. Community-intervention study links successful town makeover focused on boosting calcium and exercise
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/23/2017)... ITHACA, N.Y. , June 23, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... leader in dairy research, today announced a new collaboration ... reduce the chances that the global milk supply is ... dairy project, Cornell University has become the newest academic ... Supply Chain, a food safety initiative that includes IBM ...
(Date:5/16/2017)... -- Veratad Technologies, LLC ( www.veratad.com ), an innovative and ... solutions, announced today they will participate as a sponsor ... May 17, 2017, in Washington D.C.,s ... Identity impacts the lives of billions of ... digital world, defining identity is critical to nearly every ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... -- Janice Kephart , former 9/11 Commission ... LLP (IdSP) , today issues the following statement: ... 6, 2017 Executive Order: Protecting the Nation ... instilled with greater confidence, enabling the reactivation of ... are suspended by until at least July 2017). ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/15/2017)... STANFORD, Calif. , Aug. 15, 2017 After spending ... resources and support with crowdsourced data collection, GeneFo now offers this ... interested in aligning and amplifying support, adherence, and data collection vis ... with medical foundations mark the successful launch of this offer. ... GeneFo ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... San Diego, CA (PRWEB) , ... August 15, ... ... science company pioneering graphene biosensors that accelerate pharmaceutical and biotherapeutics development, announces the ... reduces the number of steps needed to gain kinetic binding data for a ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... ... August 15, 2017 , ... Any expert in stem ... compromised these disciplines for more than half a century. Despite their essential roles ... It is widely known that molecular tags developed for this purpose also tag other, ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... August 15, 2017 , ... The ... time on Immuno-Oncology 360° (IO360°) programming through a series of upcoming panels and events. ... February 7-9, 2018, at The Roosevelt Hotel in New York City. , “With our ...
Breaking Biology Technology: