Navigation Links
Vitamin B and omega-3 supplementation and cancer: New data

However, women with a previous history of cardiovascular pathologies seem to have a higher cancer risk after five years of supplementation. The research is published in detail in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Although some studies have suggested that supplementation with B vitamins has some benefits for protecting against cancer, the few randomised clinical trials conducted internationally in recent years remain equivocal.

The results of studies of the influence of supplementation with polyunsaturated fatty acids have been mixed.

That is why Valentina Andreeva and Pilar Galan and their staff wanted to study the effects of B vitamins and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on cancer by monitoring, for five years from 2003 to 2009, more than 2500 people aged between 45 and 80 who had survived a heart attack, stroke or angina in the last 12 months.

The aim of the trial was to check the hypothesis that supplementation with en5-methyl-THF (and vitamins B6 and B12) and/or omega-3 was of value in preventing the recurrence of ischaemic pathologies in subjects who had suffered a heart attack or stroke.

The results, published this week in the Archives of Internal Medicine, are the outcome of a specific analysis performed as part of the intervention study SU.FOL.OM3, the results of which were published in 2010 in the British Medical Journal

SU.FOL.OM3 is a randomised double-blind placebo-controlled secondary prevention trial in which participants aged from 45 to 80 years with a previous history of cardiovascular pathologies were given daily supplements for five years of B vitamins (3 mg of vitamin B6, 560 μg of folates and 20 μg of vitamin B12) and/or omega-3 PUFAs (600 mg of eicosapentaenoic acid, EPA, and docosapentaenoic acid, DHA, in a ratio of 2:1), according to a factorial design.

It tested the effect of supplementation on cancer development over the five-year monitoring period in 145 men and 29 women.

All types of cancer were monitored

"Despite the low numbers, the results are significant," the authors believe, because the "methodology used a randomised double-blind trial is stringent".

The researchers conclude that "Neither B vitamin supplementation nor omega-3 PUFA supplementation has a significant effect on the occurrence of cancer in men. However, women receiving omega-3 fatty acids tended to present a higher risk of cancer compared with the placebo group (adjusted HR =3.02; CI of 95 % = [1.33; 6.89]). Although the underlying mechanisms are not clear, a potential mediating effect on the metabolism of oestrogens is suggested," they add.

To confirm or contradict these results, it is necessary to await new studies: randomised trials, cohort studies and mechanistic studies.

Contact: Inserm - Presse
INSERM (Institut national de la sant et de la recherche mdicale)

Related biology news :

1. Dont forget the vitamin A when working with its carrier protein
2. Vitamin C supplements may reduce benefit from wide range of anti-cancer drugs
3. Vitamin D a key player in overall health of several body organs, says UC Riverside biochemist
4. Lack of vitamin D linked to Parkinsons disease
5. Vitamin K does not stem BMD decline in postmenopausal women with osteopenia
6. Optimal dose of vitamin E maximizes benefits, minimizes risk
7. Lung airway cells activate vitamin D and increase immune response
8. Could vitamin D save us from radiation?
9. Vitamin C lowers levels of inflammation biomarker considered predictor of heart disease
10. Vitamin D found to fight placental infection
11. Calcium and vitamin D may not be the only protection against bone loss
Post Your Comments:
(Date:6/21/2016)... June 21, 2016 NuData Security announced today ... role of principal product architect and that ... of customer development. Both will report directly to ... The moves reflect NuData,s strategic growth in its ... high customer demand and customer focus values. ...
(Date:6/9/2016)... Paris Police Prefecture ... solution to ensure the safety of people and operations in ... major tournament Teleste, an international technology group specialised ... today that its video security solution will be utilised by ... public safety across the country. The system roll-out is scheduled ...
(Date:6/2/2016)... -- Perimeter Surveillance & Detection Systems, Biometrics ... Support & Other Service  The latest report ... analysis of the global Border Security market . ... $17.98 billion in 2016. Now: In November ... software and hardware technologies for advanced video surveillance. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/27/2016)... ... June 27, 2016 , ... Cancer experts ... they believe could be a new and helpful biomarker for malignant pleural mesothelioma. ... here to read it now. , Biomarkers are components in the blood, ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... June 27, 2016  Liquid Biotech ... funding of a Sponsored Research Agreement with The ... cells (CTCs) from cancer patients.  The funding will ... levels correlate with clinical outcomes in cancer patients ... will then be employed to support the design ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... While the majority of commercial spectrophotometers and fluorometers use the z-dimension of ... higher end machines that use the more unconventional z-dimension of 20mm. Z-dimension ... of the cuvette holder. , FireflySci has developed several Agilent flow cell product ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... June 23, 2016   Boston Biomedical , ... compounds designed to target cancer stemness pathways, announced ... granted Orphan Drug Designation from the U.S. Food ... gastric cancer, including gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancer. Napabucasin ... to inhibit cancer stemness pathways by targeting STAT3, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: