Navigation Links
Virus infection supports organ acceptance
Date:6/26/2014

This news release is available in German.

Over 150 million people throughout the world suffer from chronic infection with the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which causes massive damage to the liver. Advanced liver diseases often necessitate liver transplants. In the new clinical study Dr. Felix Bohne and his colleagues studied together with Prof. Alberto Snchez-Fueyo from King's College London 34 hepatitis C patients at the Liver Unit of the University Hospital Clnic de Barcelona who had received new livers.

The researchers had two objectives here: first, they wanted to gain a better understanding of the mechanisms that enable the body's own immune system to tolerate the new organ despite the HCV infection; second, they were looking for factors that could act as biomarkers for tolerance in the patients.

"If tolerance could be reliably predicted based on certain markers, many patients could stop taking immunosuppressants after a certain period of time," explains Dr. Felix Bohne, lead scientist of the study. Patients must take these strong drugs after transplants. They suppress the immune system so that the body does not identify the new organ as foreign and reject it. For patients with hepatitis C, this is a particular burden, as they need a stable immune system after the transplant to control their chronic HCV infection.

Markers for tolerance

During the study, the patients stopped taking the immunosuppressants. They were observed for twelve months to see which of them could also tolerate the new organ without the drugs, and which of them did not. The scientists took liver and blood samples from the patients prior to and after the cessation of the drugs. Detailed immunological tests on these patient samples were carried out under the leadership of Prof. Ulrike Protzer of the "Immunmonitoring Platform" at the Institute of Virology. The scientists compared the patients with each other and looked for any differences that arose in tolerant patients only.

And the scientists struck gold: a certain group of genes was very active only in the livers of tolerant patients. The genes in question belonged to the type I interferon system, which targets viruses like HCV as part of the innate immune system. As the results showed, an anti-viral mechanism does actually enable the patients to better tolerate a foreign organ.

Ulrike Protzer provides a possible explanation for this: "When the interferon system is constantly activated as is the case in some chronically-infected patients, it downregulates other immune reactions in order to protect the body. This state could act like a natural immunosuppressant and reduce the rejection of the organ."

In addition to the genes of the type I interferon system, a second factor was considered as a possible marker. This was discovered by the researchers in a previous study on liver recipients who did not have a HCV infection. Patients were very likely to be tolerant if they had a certain ratio of two different subgroups of immune cells in their blood. This ratio was also a reliable predictor of tolerance in the new study involving HCV patients.


'/>"/>

Contact: Vera Siegler
vera.siegler@tum.de
49-892-892-2731
Technische Universitaet Muenchen
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Studies reveal structure of EV71, a virus causing childhood illnesses
2. Discovery provides blueprint for new drugs that can inhibit hepatitis C virus
3. To drive infections, a hijacking virus mimics a cells signaling system
4. Scripps Research Institute scientists find promising vaccine targets on hepatitis C virus
5. Harmless human virus may be able to boost the effects of chemotherapy
6. Researchers identify Achilles heel of dengue virus, target for future vaccines
7. Recapitulation of the entire hepatitis C virus life in engineered mouse cell lines
8. BGI, GMU, Mass. Eye and Ear and OUHSC announce agreement to sequence 100 human adenoviruses
9. Berkeley Lab scientists generate electricity from viruses
10. Virus barcodes offer rapid detection of mutated strains
11. Army study: DNA vaccine and duck eggs protect against hantavirus disease
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/22/2017)... , March 21, 2017 Optimove ... used by retailers such as 1-800-Flowers and AdoreMe, ... — Product Recommendations and Replenishment. Using Optimove,s machine learning ... personalized product and replenishment recommendations to their customers ... on predictions of customer intent drawn from a ...
(Date:3/20/2017)... At this year,s CeBIT Chancellor Dr. Angela Merkel ... came to the DERMALOG stand together with the Japanese Prime Minster Shinzo ... At the largest German biometrics company the two government leaders could see ... as well as DERMALOG´s multi-biometrics system.   Continue ... ...
(Date:3/16/2017)... , March 16, 2017 CeBIT 2017 - Against identity fraud ... Continue Reading ... Used combined in one project, multi-biometric solutions provide a ... Used combined ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... , March 24, 2017 ... the trading session at 5,817.69, down 0.07%; the Dow ... 20,656.58; and the S&P 500 closed at 2,345.96, marginally ... 4 sectors closed in green, 4 sectors finished in ... This Friday, Stock-Callers.com has initiated reports coverage on the ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... -- Research and Markets has announced the addition ... their offering. ... The Global Market for Bioproducts Should Reach $714.6 ... CAGR of 8.9%, This research report quantifies ... major product segments: bio-derived chemicals, biofuels, pharmaceuticals (biodrugs and herbal/botanicals), ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... selected by the Connecticut Technology Council (CTC) as a 2017 Women of Innovation® ... annual Women of Innovation Awards Dinner. , The dinner recognizes women accomplished in ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... , March 23, 2017 In ... four equities in the Biotech industry: Sangamo Therapeutics Inc. ... Inc. (NYSE MKT: SYN), and Regulus Therapeutics Inc. (NASDAQ: ... , 2017, Credit Suisse upgraded its rating on Pharmaceuticals/Biotechnology to "Overweight" from ... their free report at: ...
Breaking Biology Technology: