Navigation Links
Vegetarians may be at lower risk of heart disease, diabetes and stroke
Date:4/13/2011

Vegetarians experience a 36 percent lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome than non-vegetarians, suggests new research from Loma Linda University published in the journal Diabetes Care. Because metabolic syndrome can be a precursor to heart disease, diabetes, and stroke, the findings indicate vegetarians may be at lower risk of developing these conditions.

Metabolic syndrome is defined as exhibiting at least three out of five total risk factors: high blood pressure, elevated HDL cholesterol, high glucose levels, elevated triglycerides, and an unhealthy waist circumference. The Loma Linda University study found that while 25 percent of vegetarians had metabolic syndrome, the number significantly rises to 37 percent for semi-vegetarians and 39 percent for non-vegetarians. The results hold up when adjusted for factors such as age, gender, race, physical activity, calories consumed, smoking, and alcohol intake.

"In view of the high rate of metabolic syndrome in the United States and its deleterious health effects, we wanted to examine lifestyle patterns that could be effective in the prevention and possible treatment of this disorder," says lead researcher Nico S. Rizzo, PhD.

"I was not sure if there would be a significant difference between vegetarians and non-vegetarians, and I was surprised by just how much the numbers contrast," he continues. "It indicates that lifestyle factors such as diet can be important in the prevention of metabolic syndrome."

The study examined more than 700 adults randomly sampled from Loma Linda University's Adventist Health Study 2, a long-term study of the lifestyle and health of almost 100,000 Seventh-day Adventist Christians across the United States and Canada.

Thirty-five percent of the subjects in this smaller sub-study were vegetarian. On average, the vegetarians and semi-vegetarians were three years older than non-vegetarians. Despite their slightly older age, vegetarians had lower triglycerides, glucose levels, blood pressure, waist circumference, and body mass index (BMI). Semi-vegetarians also had a significantly lower BMI and waist circumference compared to those who ate meat more regularly.

"This work again shows that diet improves many of the main cardiovascular risk factors that are part of metabolic syndrome," says Gary Fraser, MD, PhD, principal investigator of Adventist Health Study 2. "Trending toward a plant-based diet is a sensible choice."


'/>"/>

Contact: Heather Reifsnyder
hreifsnyder@llu.edu
909-558-1000 x42932
Loma Linda University Adventist Health Sciences Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. New genetic study helps to solve Darwins mystery about the ancient evolution of flowering plants
2. Fibroids cause womens lower urinary tract problems: uterine fibroid embolization helps
3. A dose of safflower oil each day might help keep heart disease at bay
4. Pollen also appears outside flowering season
5. Relaxation leads to lower elasticity
6. Eating berries may lower risk of Parkinsons
7. Eggs are now naturally lower in cholesterol
8. Where did flowers come from?
9. Allergies lower risk of low- and high-grade glioma
10. New study shows soy protein lowers non-HDL cholesterol significantly more than milk protein
11. Wildflower colors tell butterflies how to do their jobs
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/13/2017)... April 13, 2017 UBM,s Advanced Design and ... will feature emerging and evolving technology through its 3D ... will run alongside the expo portion of the event ... and demonstrations focused on trending topics within 3D printing ... and manufacturing event will take place June 13-15, 2017 at ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... PALM BEACH GARDENS, Fla. , April 11, ... biometric identity management and secure authentication solutions, today ... million contract by Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity ... technologies for IARPA,s Thor program. "Innovation ... the onset and IARPA,s Thor program will allow ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... No two people are believed to ... York University Tandon School of Engineering and Michigan ... partial similarities between prints are common enough that ... and other electronic devices can be more vulnerable ... in the fact that fingerprint-based authentication systems feature ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2017)... ... April 27, 2017 , ... ... electronic informed consent (eConsent) solution that simplifies research studies, accelerates study startup, and ... of Quorum, Q Consent™ is the first and only IRB-integrated eConsent solution ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... ... April 27, 2017 , ... ... mass flow controllers based on capillary thermal mass flow technology provide exponentially more ... control applications. Over 80% of all industrial processes—such as those involving chemical ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... ... April 27, 2017 , ... The ... Communication Award goes to Jayson Lusk, a consummate communicator who promotes agricultural science ... advocate for science, as he explains how innovation and growth in agriculture are ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... ... 26, 2017 , ... Looking for gift ideas for mom ... offers one-of-a-kind gifts, ranging from gourmet cooking experiences to Farmer’s Market Tours and ... inspired with new cooking tips and techniques, thanks to Chef Jodi Abel’s expertise ...
Breaking Biology Technology: