Navigation Links
Vegetarian diet, physical activity protect against diabetes in black population, study shows
Date:11/3/2011

LOMA LINDA, Calif. New research shows that following a vegetarian diet and exercising at least three times a week significantly reduced the risk of diabetes in African Americans, who are twice as likely to be diagnosed with diabetes when compared to non-Hispanic whites.

"These findings are encouraging for preventing type 2 diabetes in the black population, which is more susceptible to the disease than other populations," said Serena Tonstad, MD, a professor at Loma Linda University and lead author of the research, published in the October issue of Nutrition, Metabolism & Cardiovascular Diseases.

In addition to being at a greater risk for developing diabetes, black persons in the U.S. are also more likely to suffer from diabetes-related complications, such as end-stage renal disease and lower-extremity amputations, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

"A vegetarian diet may be a way to counteract the increased diabetes risk for the black population," Dr. Tonstad said.

Dr. Tonstad's research showed that, compared to non-vegetarian blacks, vegan blacks had a 70 percent reduced risk of diabetes, and lacto-ovo vegetarian blacks (those who consume dairy, but no meat) had a 53 percent reduced risk of diabetes. Dr. Tonstad said one explanation was the protection associated with foods typically consumed in higher amounts in a vegetarian diet. Fruits and vegetables have a high fiber content, which may contribute to a decreased occurrence of type 2 diabetes. In addition, whole grains and legumes (beans) have been shown to improve glycemic control and slow the rate of carbohydrate absorption and the risk of diabetes.

The study also showed that black participants who exercised three or more times a week, compared to once a week or never, had a 35 percent reduced risk of diabetes.

The findings used prospective data (following persons over time) of 7,172 black Seventh-day Adventists participating in Adventist Health Study-2. Adventists are a Protestant religious group that promotes vegetarianism and advocates abstinence from tobacco and alcohol, which results in less confounding (distortions) when studying associations between diet and disease. Participants were given a questionnaire that asked how often they consumed 130 foods and food groups. Participants were then categorized into a dietary category (vegan, lacto-ovo vegetarian, etc.) based on their responses.

The study also analyzed data of 34,215 non-black Adventists and found similar protections against diabetes for a vegetarian diet. These findings confirm results from past cross-sectional research (examining persons at one point in time) that showed a vegetarian diet offered protection against diabetes.


'/>"/>

Contact: Heather Reifsnyder
hreifsnyder@llu.edu
Loma Linda University Adventist Health Sciences Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Vegetarians may be at lower risk of heart disease, diabetes and stroke
2. ADA releases updated position paper on vegetarian diets
3. Doctors endorse vegan and vegetarian diets for healthy pregnancies
4. Pancreatic cancers use fructose, common in the Western diet, to fuel their growth
5. Do TV ads affect childrens diet, obesity?
6. UIC receives $1 million grant to study fat taxes, diet, obesity
7. Pitt/UPMC: Exceptional cognitive and physical health in old age leaves immunological fingerprint
8. Biophysical Society names 2012 Distinguished Service and Emily Gray awardees
9. Biophysical Society announces 2012 Society Fellows
10. Biophysical Society names 5 2012 award recipients
11. Child-care facilities can do more to promote healthy eating and physical activity among preschoolers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/11/2017)... 2017 Intoxalock, a leading ignition interlock provider, ... its patent-pending calibration device. With this new technology, Intoxalock ... upload data logs and process repairs at service center ... "Fighting drunk driving through the application of cutting-edge technologies ... but also for the customer who can get back ...
(Date:1/6/2017)... , Jan. 6, 2017  Privately-held CalciMedica, ... studies in healthy volunteers of a novel calcium ... treat acute pancreatitis. Acute pancreatitis, ... a mild disorder, but can be very serious.  In ... and sepsis, where extended hospital stays, time in ...
(Date:1/6/2017)... 5, 2017  Delta ID Inc., a leader in ... for automotive at CESĀ® 2017. Delta ID has collaborated ... demonstrate the use of iris scanning as a secure, ... driver in a car, and as a way to ... Delta ID and Gentex will demonstrate (booth ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)... MAYNARD, Mass. , Jan. 19, 2017 ... company focused on enhancing productivity in aquaculture and a ... ), announces that it has completed the listing of ... finalized the equity subscription from Intrexon. "AquaBounty,s ... Company that will broaden our exposure to the U.S. ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... 2017 , ... DaVita Clinical Research (DCR), a ... device development, and Prism Clinical Research , a leader in providing fully ... Clinical Trials (VCT) has been selected by both companies as an exclusive ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company) (NYSE: BDX ), a ... live webcast of its Annual Meeting of Shareholders on Tuesday, January ... can be accessed from the BD corporate website at http://www.bd.com/investors/ ... ... BD is a global medical technology company that is ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... LINCOLN, Mass. , Jan. 18, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... in applying mechanistic modeling to drug research and ... , PhD, Co-Founder, President, and CEO of Applied ... Group for Informatics and Modeling (BAGIM) Meeting on ... in Cambridge , MA.   Dr. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: