Navigation Links
Vegetarian diet, physical activity protect against diabetes in black population, study shows
Date:11/3/2011

LOMA LINDA, Calif. New research shows that following a vegetarian diet and exercising at least three times a week significantly reduced the risk of diabetes in African Americans, who are twice as likely to be diagnosed with diabetes when compared to non-Hispanic whites.

"These findings are encouraging for preventing type 2 diabetes in the black population, which is more susceptible to the disease than other populations," said Serena Tonstad, MD, a professor at Loma Linda University and lead author of the research, published in the October issue of Nutrition, Metabolism & Cardiovascular Diseases.

In addition to being at a greater risk for developing diabetes, black persons in the U.S. are also more likely to suffer from diabetes-related complications, such as end-stage renal disease and lower-extremity amputations, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

"A vegetarian diet may be a way to counteract the increased diabetes risk for the black population," Dr. Tonstad said.

Dr. Tonstad's research showed that, compared to non-vegetarian blacks, vegan blacks had a 70 percent reduced risk of diabetes, and lacto-ovo vegetarian blacks (those who consume dairy, but no meat) had a 53 percent reduced risk of diabetes. Dr. Tonstad said one explanation was the protection associated with foods typically consumed in higher amounts in a vegetarian diet. Fruits and vegetables have a high fiber content, which may contribute to a decreased occurrence of type 2 diabetes. In addition, whole grains and legumes (beans) have been shown to improve glycemic control and slow the rate of carbohydrate absorption and the risk of diabetes.

The study also showed that black participants who exercised three or more times a week, compared to once a week or never, had a 35 percent reduced risk of diabetes.

The findings used prospective data (following persons over time) of 7,172 black Seventh-day Adventists participating in Adventist Health Study-2. Adventists are a Protestant religious group that promotes vegetarianism and advocates abstinence from tobacco and alcohol, which results in less confounding (distortions) when studying associations between diet and disease. Participants were given a questionnaire that asked how often they consumed 130 foods and food groups. Participants were then categorized into a dietary category (vegan, lacto-ovo vegetarian, etc.) based on their responses.

The study also analyzed data of 34,215 non-black Adventists and found similar protections against diabetes for a vegetarian diet. These findings confirm results from past cross-sectional research (examining persons at one point in time) that showed a vegetarian diet offered protection against diabetes.


'/>"/>

Contact: Heather Reifsnyder
hreifsnyder@llu.edu
Loma Linda University Adventist Health Sciences Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Vegetarians may be at lower risk of heart disease, diabetes and stroke
2. ADA releases updated position paper on vegetarian diets
3. Doctors endorse vegan and vegetarian diets for healthy pregnancies
4. Pancreatic cancers use fructose, common in the Western diet, to fuel their growth
5. Do TV ads affect childrens diet, obesity?
6. UIC receives $1 million grant to study fat taxes, diet, obesity
7. Pitt/UPMC: Exceptional cognitive and physical health in old age leaves immunological fingerprint
8. Biophysical Society names 2012 Distinguished Service and Emily Gray awardees
9. Biophysical Society announces 2012 Society Fellows
10. Biophysical Society names 5 2012 award recipients
11. Child-care facilities can do more to promote healthy eating and physical activity among preschoolers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/7/2016)... According to a new market research report "Emotion Detection and Recognition Market ... Application Area, End User, And Region - Global Forecast to 2021", published by ... 2016 to USD 36.07 Billion by 2021, at a Compound Annual Growth Rate ... ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... Valencell , the leading innovator in ... a third consecutive year of triple digit growth for ... with a 360 percent increase in companies who have ... driven by sales of its wrist and ear Benchmark™ ... technology for hearables for fitness and healthcare applications. ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... , Nov. 30, 2016 Not many of us realize that we spend ... recovery so we need to do it well. Inadequate sleep levels have been found ... pressure, stroke, diabetes, and even cancer. Maybe now is the best time ... could help them to manage their sleep quality? Continue ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... The ability ... optogenetics — is key to exciting advances in the study and mapping of ... projected via free-space optics stimulates small, transparent organisms and excites neurons within superficial ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... Oxford Gene Technology ... Palette an anpassbaren SureSeq™ NGS-Panels mit dem Start ... ein schnelles und kostengünstiges Studium der Varianten bei ... Erkennung von Einzel-Nukleotid-Variationen (Single Nucleotide Variation, SNV) und ... Panel und ermöglicht eine individuelle Anpassung durch die ...
(Date:12/8/2016)...  Anaconda BioMed S.L., a pre-clinical stage medical device ... neuro-thrombectomy system for the treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke ... to join its Scientific Advisory Board (SAB). The SAB ... scientific and clinical experts to Anaconda BioMed S.L., as ... ® to its clinical phase. The SAB is ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... December 08, ... ... announces the commercial launch of flexible packaging for their exceptionally efficient human ... bag system extends RoosterBio’s portfolio of bioprocess media products engineered to radically ...
Breaking Biology Technology: