Navigation Links
Using snail teeth to improve solar cells and batteries
Date:1/16/2013

e tooth hard, but also magnetic.

In the just-published paper, "Phase transformations and structural developments in the radular teeth of Cryptochiton stelleri," Kisailus set out to determine how the hard and magnetic outer region of the tooth forms.

His work revealed this occurs in three steps. Initially, hydrated iron oxide (ferrihydrite) crystals nucleate on a fiber-like chitinous (complex sugar) organic template. These nanocrystalline ferrihydrite particles convert to a magnetic iron oxide (magnetite) through a solid-state transformation. Finally, the magnetite particles grow along these organic fibers, yielding parallel rods within the mature teeth that make them so hard and tough.

"Incredibly, all of this occurs at room temperature and under environmentally benign conditions," Kisailus said. "This makes it appealing to utilize similar strategies to make nanomaterials in a cost-effective manner."

Kisailus is using the lessons learned from this biomineralization pathway as inspiration in his lab to guide the growth of minerals used in solar cells and lithium-ion batteries. By controlling the crystal size, shape and orientation of engineering nanomaterials, he believes he can build materials that will allow the solar cells and lithium-ion batteries to operate more efficiently. In other words, the solar cells will be able to capture a greater percentage of sunlight and convert it to electricity more efficiently and the lithium-ion batteries could need significantly less time to recharge.

Using the chiton teeth model has another advantage: engineering nanocrystals can be grown at significantly lower temperatures, which means significantly lower production costs.

While Kisailus is focused on solar cells and lithium-ion batteries, the same techniques could be used to develop everything from materials for car and airplane frames to abrasion resistant clothing. In addition, understanding the formation and prop
'/>"/>

Contact: Sean Nealon
sean.nealon@ucr.edu
951-827-1287
University of California - Riverside
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Studies reveal structure of EV71, a virus causing childhood illnesses
2. BYU study: Using a gun in bear encounters doesnt make you safer
3. The shape of things to come: NIST probes the promise of nanomanufacturing using DNA origami
4. Beyond the microscope: Identifying specific cancers using molecular analysis
5. Cell therapy using patients own bone marrow may present option for heart disease
6. Using cell phones to detect harmful airborne substances
7. Disarming disease-causing bacteria
8. Notre Dame researchers using novel method to combat malaria drug resistance
9. High-resolution atomic imaging of specimens in liquid by TEM using graphene liquid cell
10. What is really causing the child obesity epidemic?
11. Better housing conditions for zebrafish could improve research results
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/17/2014)... scientists were instrumental in the creation of the Santa ... classify the fire threat potential of the powerful, hot, ... into an inferno. The index was introduced Sept. 17 ... and San Diego Gas and Electric. , The index ... that will be used to help fire agencies and ...
(Date:9/17/2014)... his doctoral student have designed a device based on ... fog and dew., The device could provide water in ... globe., Cheng Luo, professor in the Mechanical & Aerospace ... same College of Engineering department, published "Bioinspired Plate-Based Fog ... Chemical Society) Applied Materials & Interfaces ...
(Date:9/17/2014)... A rare genetic disorder known as Jacobsen syndrome has ... investigation by researchers at San Diego State University and ... suggesting better treatment options for people with Jacobsen syndrome, ... underpinnings of autism., Jacobsen syndrome affects approximately 1 in ... It occurs in a person when there is a ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):UCLA scientists play key role in developing new Santa Ana Wildfire Threat Index 2Shorebird's beak inspires UT Arlington research on water collection 2A link between Jacobsen syndrome and autism 2
... new field study confirms that an invasive weed called ... suggesting it will continue to spread across much of ... acres of grazing land almost worthless. The research, ... Research Service, was one of the most comprehensive studies ...
... What: , The 33rd CTRC-AACR San Antonio ... prevention, epidemiological, laboratory, translational and clinical breast cancer research. ... pipeline, new approaches with existing agents and emerging biology ... To help you plan your coverage of the symposium, ...
... growing potatoes, at least for growing seed potatoes. Newco ... together with Neiker-Tecnalia (the Basque Institute for Agricultural Research ... of a novel system known as aeroponics. What ... given that never before in this country the first ...
Cached Biology News:Invading weed threatens devastation to western rangelands 2Invading weed threatens devastation to western rangelands 3Newco produces seed potatoes in the open air 2Newco produces seed potatoes in the open air 3
(Date:9/18/2014)... -- MEI Pharma, Inc. (Nasdaq: MEIP ), an oncology ... cancer, announced today that Daniel P. Gold , Ph.D., ... NewsMakers in the Biotech Industry conference on Friday, September ... Broadway Hotel & Conference Center in New York ... accessed at www.meipharma.com . A replay will be available ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... 18 septembre 2014 Mapi, société créée ... 1974, a été depuis 40 ans l,un ... cliniques traditionnelles par des évaluations recentrées sur ... les impacts économiques des traitements. ... A cours d,une récente conférence téléphonique ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... SeqLL Inc., the owner of ... today the closing of a $1M Series-A funding ... Diagnostic Technologies, will increase the power of tSMS™ ... in March 2013 by Daniel Jones, a former ... BioSciences, SeqLL has continued to offer Helicos’ sequencing ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... sweeteners, promoted as aids to weight loss and diabetes ... and metabolic disease; and they do it in a ... the gut microbiota the substantial population of bacteria ... experiments in mice and humans, were published today in ... Elinav of the Weizmann Institute,s Immunology Department, who led ...
Breaking Biology Technology:MEI Pharma To Present At BioCentury's NewsMakers Conference 2MEI Pharma To Present At BioCentury's NewsMakers Conference 31974 - 2014 - Mapi fête ses 40 ans 2SeqLL Closes Series-A Funding Round for Expansion of Single Molecule Sequencing 2Gut bacteria, artificial sweeteners and glucose intolerance 2Gut bacteria, artificial sweeteners and glucose intolerance 3
... /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ - Angiotech Pharmaceuticals,Inc. (NASDAQ: ANPI , ... company, today announced that it has elected to ... trials for its Vascular Wrap,product candidate in patients ... to evaluate an imbalance of infections that have,been ...
... April 21 A group of German,investors is about to ... for a purchasing price of up to EUR 750,000. The ... will be subscribed,to by the investors. It will become effective ... Sangui account and after the capital increase will,have been entered ...
... an interview with a researcher, please contact the Communications and ... tip. For more information on ORNL and its research and ... If you have a general media-related question or comment, you ... HOMELAND SECURITY -- Protecting ports . . . ...
Cached Biology Technology:Angiotech elects to suspend Vascular Wrap(TM) pivotal clinical trials 2Angiotech elects to suspend Vascular Wrap(TM) pivotal clinical trials 3Angiotech elects to suspend Vascular Wrap(TM) pivotal clinical trials 4Investors Acquire Share in Sangui BioTech GmbH 2Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, March 2008 2Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, March 2008 3
... The MEGAscript RNAi Kit is ... large mass amounts of ready-to-use ... non-mammalian systems. The MEGAscript RNAi ... patented high-yield transcription technol-ogy and ...
UGT1A6 (D-20)...
... With its patented technology, the Lone Wolf ... any Normally Open proportional valve available on ... operation, provides repeatable high-speed performance, and ensures ... , Enhances system control and patient ...
Normal Hamster Serum...
Biology Products: