Navigation Links
Using radiation to sterilize insect pests may protect California fruits and vegetables
Date:11/30/2011

A new study published in the Journal of Economic Entomology shows that radiation can be used to effectively sterilize the light brown apple moth (LBAM), an insect pest found in Australia, New Zealand, California, Hawaii, Sweden, and the British Isles. The light brown apple moth, Epiphyas postvittana (Walker), feeds on apples, pears, stonefruits, citrus, grapes, berries and many other plants. A native of Australia, it has been found in California since 2007. The California Department of Food and Agriculture has spent more than $70 million in CDFA and USDA funds to eradicate the LBAM, and estimates that failure to eradicate it could cost California growers over $133 million per year.

The article, "Radiation Biology and Inherited Sterility of Light Brown Apple Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae): Developing a Sterile Insect Release Program" is available now in PDF format at http://bit.ly/vuH0sT.

Using similar methodologies in two different laboratories, the authors coordinated radiation biology studies between two geographically isolated LBAM populations from Australia and New Zealand. The results showed that for both populations, an irradiation dose of 250 Gy administered to LBMA pupae induced >95% sterility in females and >90% sterility in males. These results can be used to initiate a suppression program against the LBMA where sterile males are released, mate with wild females, and no offspring are produced. If successful, this technique can largely eliminate the need for pesticides.

"These results suggest that a sterile insect technique (SIT) or F1 sterility program can be applied to control an infestation of Epiphyas postvittana, but these would still be reliant on complementary information such as physical fitness and modeling of overflooding ratios." according to the authors. "The challenge now is to identify the dose of radiation that would provide a balance between insect sterility and field competitiveness."


'/>"/>

Contact: Richard Levine
rlevine@entsoc.org
301-731-4535
Entomological Society of America
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Feasibility of using mycoherbicides to control illicit drug crops is uncertain
2. Researchers confirm new cancer-causing virus
3. Using air pollution thresholds to protect and restore ecosystem health
4. Phase I trial begins using gene therapy and bone marrow stem cells in the treatment of brain cancer
5. Researchers using new technology to study breath for toxins
6. Climate change causing massive movement of tree species across the West
7. B-lymphocyte depletion using the anti-CD20 antibody rituximab in chronic fatigue syndrome
8. 400,000 farmers in southern Africa using fertilizer trees to improve food security
9. Oranges and mandarins are inspected using artificial vision
10. Regenerating eyes using cells from hair: Stem Cells awards research into stem cell deficiency
11. Can antivirulence drugs stop infections without causing resistance?
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/30/2017)... , March 30, 2017 Trends, opportunities and ... and behavioral), by technology (fingerprint, AFIS, iris recognition, facial ... and others), by end use industry (government and law ... financial and banking, and others), and by region ( ... , Asia Pacific , and the ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... , March 27, 2017  Catholic Health ... and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) Analytics for achieving ... Adoption Model sm . In addition, CHS previously ... U.S. hospitals using an electronic medical record (EMR). ... its high level of EMR usage in an ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... India , March 23, 2017 The report "Gesture ... Touchless Biometric), Industry, and Geography - Global Forecast to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, ... at a CAGR of 29.63% between 2017 and 2022. ... ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Customers often prefer PLC and network ... METTLER TOLEDO has released two new videos that show how they have solved ... ACT350 into Siemens and Allen Bradley PLCs is easy and fast. ...
(Date:5/22/2017)... ... May 22, 2017 , ... ... it is exhibiting in booth B2 at the Association for Pathology Informatics ... , In addition to demonstrating its Cancer Diagnostic Cockpit and Consultation Portal, ...
(Date:5/19/2017)... ... May 19, 2017 , ... In response to the strong ... Biodex Medical Systems, Inc. announces the release of their Gait Trainer 3 with an ... with a biomedical system to aid in rehabilitating individuals with cerebral palsy, traumatic brain ...
(Date:5/18/2017)... ... 18, 2017 , ... Lajollacooks4u has added another option for ... team-building package designed for groups of 10-30 people. Guests can choose their ... such as Blackened Shrimp with Edamame Salad, Pizza Rolls with Pepperoni and Mushrooms ...
Breaking Biology Technology: