Navigation Links
'Unzipping' poplars' biofuel potential
Date:4/3/2014

EAST LANSING, Mich. What began 20 years ago as an innovation to improve paper industry processes and dairy forage digestibility may now open the door to a much more energy- and cost-efficient way to convert biomass into fuel.

The research, which appears in the current issue of Science, focuses on enhancing poplar trees so they can break down easier and thus improving their viability as a biofuel. The long-term efforts and teamwork involved to find this solution can be described as a rare, top-down approach to engineering plants for digestibility, said Curtis Wilkerson, Michigan State University plant biologist and the lead author.

"By designing poplars for deconstruction, we can improve the degradability of a very useful biomass product," said Wilkerson, Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center scientist. "Poplars are dense, easy to store and they flourish on marginal lands not suitable for food crops, making them a non-competing and sustainable source of biofuel."

The idea to engineer biomass for easier degradation first took shape in the mid-1990s in the lab of John Ralph, University of Wisconsin-Madison professor and GLBRC plants leader. Ralph's group was looking to reduce energy usage in the paper pulping process by more efficiently removing lignin the polymer that gives plant cell walls their sturdiness from trees. If weak bonds could be introduced into lignin, this hardy material could be "unzipped," making it much easier for chemical processes to break it down.

Ralph's approach had clear benefits for the biofuels industry as well. The difficulty in removing and processing lignin remains a major obstacle to accessing the valuable sugars contained within biomass, adding energy and cost to the production of biofuels. Seeing an opportunity to carry out Ralph's concept in poplar, GLBRC researchers pooled their expertise.

To produce the enhanced poplars, Wilkerson identified and isolated a gene capable of mak
'/>"/>

Contact: Layne Cameron
layne.cameron@cabs.msu.edu
517-353-8819
Michigan State University
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Field trial with lignin modified poplars shows potential for bio-based economy
2. Engineered bacteria produce biofuel alternative for high-energy rocket fuel
3. MSU advances algaes viability as a biofuel
4. Now it will become cheaper to make second-generation biofuel for our cars
5. Pond-dwelling powerhouses genome points to its biofuel potential
6. UT Austin engineer converts yeast cells into sweet crude biofuel
7. More to biofuel production than yield
8. New, simple technique may drive down biofuel production costs
9. Montana State University research on algal biofuels keys larger study
10. Scripps oceanography researchers engineer breakthrough for biofuel production
11. ORNL study uses neutron scattering, supercomputing to demystify forces at play in biofuel production
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
'Unzipping' poplars' biofuel potential
(Date:12/17/2014)... 2014 The Defense Logistics Agency is ... detect and prevent counterfeit microcircuits from entering into ... started performing an in-house microcircuit anti-counterfeit initiative dubbed ... of purchased microcircuits while increasing their reliability throughout ... will be conducted at DLA,s Electronics Product Test ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... , Dec. 16, 2014  Automation is ... this more evident than at international borders. Over ... document scanners have allowed veteran travelers to self ... Passport Control (APC) Kiosks at an increasing number ... globe. According to Maxine ...
(Date:12/11/2014)... SALEM, N.C. , Dec. 10, 2014  That blood ... for quite a while. Hypertension – the medical term for ... in the early 1800s, and the inflatable cuff that,s used ... That doesn,t, however, mean there,s nothing new about hypertension, its ... some long-held beliefs about the condition and the best ways ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Defense Logistics Agency Launches DNA Marking Capability to Strengthen Microcircuit Supply Chain 2Defense Logistics Agency Launches DNA Marking Capability to Strengthen Microcircuit Supply Chain 3Automated Border Control (ABC) Transforms the Global Travel Experience With More Than 2500 ABC eGates and APC Kiosks Deployed In Airports, Seaports, and Land Borders Worldwide 2Research points to need for new approaches to treatment of high blood pressure 2Research points to need for new approaches to treatment of high blood pressure 3Research points to need for new approaches to treatment of high blood pressure 4
... The biotech industry boosted farming across the globe to ... to 2009, according to the latest analysis published in the ... the increase in net farm income, the farm level benefit ... study,s authors estimate that almost half of that was derived ...
... Md. (Sept. 19, 2011) Dietary salt intake and ... high blood pressure. Each packs its own punch, but when ... than the sum of their individual contributions. Discovering the molecular ... scientists, but research led by Toshiro Fujita, MD, professor and ...
... Bremerhaven, 19 September 2011. Earth warming will presumably not ... South Pacific Ocean. This is the conclusion drawn by ... clam shells and wood from the Antarctic. The growth ... a climate rhythm over the South Pacific during the ...
Cached Biology News:The benefits of biotech 2Abnormal activation of a protein may explain deadly link between high salt intake and obesity 250-million-year-old clam shells provide indications of future of El Nino phenomenon 2
(Date:12/17/2014)... Xeno Diagnostics has again received ... recent COLA inspection. Xeno has met all criteria ... accreditation organization. Accreditation is earned only by laboratories ... operations, demonstrate continued accuracy in the performance of ... survey. , While the Laboratory Excellence ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... 2014  Vermillion, Inc. (NASDAQ: VRML ), ... announced the next step in its expanded strategy to ... with the naming of current Chief Operating Officer, ... while current Chairman of the Board and CEO ... These changes are effective January 1, 2015. ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... , Dec. 17, 2014 Tigercat ... Phase 2 study evaluating the investigational oral NK-1 ... patients with severe, chronic itch who are unresponsive ... care, including topical steroids and antihistamines. ... in Visual Analog Scale (VAS) itch score from ...
(Date:12/15/2014)... PETACH TIKVAH, Israel , Dec. 15, ... BCLI ), a leading developer of adult stem cell ... Brainstorm Cell Therapeutics Ltd. was awarded a grant of ... Office of the Chief Scientist (OCS).  This is the ... grant support from the Office of the Chief Scientist, ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Xeno Diagnostics Receives 3rd Award for Laboratory Excellence 2Vermillion Names Valerie Palmieri CEO; James LaFrance to continue as Chairman of Board 2Vermillion Names Valerie Palmieri CEO; James LaFrance to continue as Chairman of Board 3Vermillion Names Valerie Palmieri CEO; James LaFrance to continue as Chairman of Board 4Velocity Pharmaceutical Development, LLC and Tigercat Pharma, Inc. Announce Phase 2 Results for VPD-737 in Patients With Chronic Pruritus 2Velocity Pharmaceutical Development, LLC and Tigercat Pharma, Inc. Announce Phase 2 Results for VPD-737 in Patients With Chronic Pruritus 3Velocity Pharmaceutical Development, LLC and Tigercat Pharma, Inc. Announce Phase 2 Results for VPD-737 in Patients With Chronic Pruritus 4BrainStorm Receives $1,100,000 for its 8th Annual Non-Dilutive Grant from Israel's Chief Scientist Office 2BrainStorm Receives $1,100,000 for its 8th Annual Non-Dilutive Grant from Israel's Chief Scientist Office 3
... (Becton,Dickinson and Company) (NYSE: BDX ), a global medical ... investor healthcare,conferences:, Bear Stearns 10th Annual London Healthcare ... Time (4:45 a.m. U. S. Eastern Daylight Savings Time), ... 20, 2008 10:15 a.m. Eastern Daylight Savings Time ...
... KNDL ), a,leading, global full-service clinical research organization, ... PharmD, and,President and Chief Operating Officer Chris Bergen ... the company,s common stock over,a designated period. The ... long-term strategy for tax planning and asset diversification ...
... Therapeutics,Inc. (Nasdaq: HALO ), a biopharmaceutical company ... today announced,that it will release financial results for ... after market close on Thursday, March 13, 2008., ... Officer, Gregory Frost,PhD, Vice President and Chief Scientific ...
Cached Biology Technology:Kendle Leaders Adopt 10b5-1 Trading Plans 2Halozyme Therapeutics to Hold Pipeline Update Conference Call on March 14 2
... slides were designed to study protein expression patterns ... Tissue slices from three different species are ... be treated as a single histological slide for ... hybridization. This format allows a rapid analysis ...
... Gene Pulser Xcell microbial system, 100 ... used for electroporation of bacterial and ... main unit, PC module for exponential ... sterile cuvettes (5 each of 0.1 ...
... Soybean-Casein Digest Medium (TSB), USP is ... recommended for general laboratory use. Due to ... Peptone, the medium will support growth of ... serum, etc. , Product conforms to United ...
... (MSTA) slides were designed to study protein expression ... species. Tissue slices from three different species ... then be treated as a single histological slide ... hybridization. This format allows a rapid ...
Biology Products: