Navigation Links
Unraveling the threads: Simplest cotton genome offers clues for fiber improvements
Date:12/19/2012

From the stockings decorating mantles to the new outfits in display windows calling to shoppers, cotton is woven into the fabric of the holiday season. For bioenergy researchers, however, fiber composition matters more than color and texture as each cotton strand is composed of more than two dozen coils of cellulose, a target biomass for next-generation biofuels.

In the December 20, 2012 edition of Nature, an international consortium of researchers from 31 institutions including a team from the U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI) present a high-quality draft assembly of the simplest cotton (Gossypium raimondii) genome. Additionally, the team compared the genome from this ancestral species indigenous to the Americas to several other sets of cotton data contributed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). The results have allowed the researchers to trace the evolution of cotton over millions of years from wild varieties to the domesticated species that are now associated with textile production.

Growing, processing and manufacturing cotton is a major global industry. In the United States, more than 200,000 domestic jobs are related to cotton production and processing, with an aggregate influence of about $35 billion on the annual U.S. gross domestic product. The cotton fiber grown is valued at about $6 billion per year, with cottonseed oil and meal byproducts worth nearly another $1 billion. U.S. textile mills convert much of the cotton processed annually into apparel.

The cotton plants seen growing in typical fields in the U.S. are polyploids, hybrids of two types of cotton (cotton A and cotton D) with multiple copies of their genomes or chromosome sets. As one of the closest extant relatives of the tetraploid cotton genome (containing four sets of chromosomes), the diploid G. raimondii was selected for sequencing in part because it has a smaller genome and fewer repetitive elements th
'/>"/>

Contact: David Gilbert
degilbert@lbl.gov
DOE/Joint Genome Institute
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Lets get moving: Unraveling how locomotion starts
2. Unraveling biological networks
3. ORNL microscopy yields first proof of ferroelectricity in simplest amino acid
4. Texas cotton getting a genetic tune-up
5. Chinese scientists successfully crack the genome of diploid cotton
6. Ancient Egyptian cotton unveils secrets of domesticated crop evolution
7. CNIO researchers develop new databases for understanding the human genome
8. Whats in a genome?
9. Your Christmas tree and its genome have remained very much the same over the last 100 million years
10. Combining two genome analysis approaches supports immune system contribution to autism
11. Study finds prioritizing rather than canvassing entire plant genome may lead to improved crops
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/19/2014)... years has adapted to the arctic cold, and then you ... for you. , This is happening to the small white ... called nonylphenol, comes from the use of certain detergents, pesticides ... disruptor, but when entering the worm it has another dangerous ... in its body from cold damage. , Enchytraeus albidus ...
(Date:9/19/2014)... shows that legume plants regulate their symbiotic relationship ... are transmitted through the plant structure from leaves ... bacteria-holding nodules in the roots. This collaborative study ... for Basic Biology, the Graduate University for Advanced ... Resource Science in Japan. , Legumes, an ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... Colo., USA A new GSA Bulletin ... the lower Rio Puerco and Chaco Wash in northern ... rings from salt cedar and willow, investigators were able ... or greater. They then combined this data with aerial ... the history of these arroyos. , Arroyos are deep, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Environmental pollutants make worms susceptible to cold 2Environmental pollutants make worms susceptible to cold 3For legume plants, a new route from shoot to root 2Tree rings and arroyos 2Tree rings and arroyos 3Tree rings and arroyos 4Tree rings and arroyos 5Tree rings and arroyos 6Tree rings and arroyos 7
... are the puzzle-pieces of life, involved in how organisms ... in living systems has been extremely difficult. Now, a ... at the University of Georgia and Erin M. Schuman ... way to use light to regulate protein synthesis in ...
... Chicago show how the bacteria that cause the plague manage ... one of the microbe's tools, the researchers produced what may ... -- one published online July 28 in Science Express and ... focus on aspects of the type-III pathway, a molecular syringe ...
... benefit crop plants, scientists have deciphered the genome of ... diseases. , The research provides clues to better explain ... roots and seeds from infection by harmful microbes that ... in Nature Biotechnology and was scheduled to be posted ...
Cached Biology News:Protein synthesis can be controlled by light, opening way for new scientific, medical applications 2Protein synthesis can be controlled by light, opening way for new scientific, medical applications 3Studies reveal how plague disables immune system, and how to exploit the process to make a vaccine 2Studies reveal how plague disables immune system, and how to exploit the process to make a vaccine 3Studies reveal how plague disables immune system, and how to exploit the process to make a vaccine 4Genome study of beneficial microbe may help boost plant health 2
(Date:9/22/2014)... Pa. (PRWEB) September 22, 2014 ... rapid diagnostics for the food and beverage industries, ... will be distributed under a non-exclusive agreement by ... and services. , Enartis, an Esseco Group company ... to winemakers in California and other global markets ...
(Date:9/22/2014)... Sept. 22, 2014  WIRB-Copernicus Group (WCG), the ... services for clinical research, announced today that its ... been reaccredited by the Association for the Accreditation ... to improve safeguards for clinical research participants. ... Deieso , Ph.D., commented, "It is of utmost ...
(Date:9/22/2014)... 22, 2014  Spherix Incorporated (SPEX) -- an intellectual property ... property, today announced that the United States Patent & Trademark ... the month of September that is part of a standard ... is: USRE45,121 , Application number: US 13/728,867 ... Dec 27, 2012 The listed inventors of ...
(Date:9/20/2014)... and PITTSFIELD, Massachusetts, USA (PRWEB) September 20, 2014 ... for the prestigious 2015 Prism Awards for Photonics ... product inventions from the multi-billion dollar optics and photonics ... society for optics and photonics , and Photonics ... as well as the versatility of photonics, said SPIE ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Invisible Sentinel's Test for Wine-Spoilage Microbe to be Distributed by Enartis in Multiple Markets Globally 2Invisible Sentinel's Test for Wine-Spoilage Microbe to be Distributed by Enartis in Multiple Markets Globally 3Western IRB (WIRB) Awarded AAHRPP Reaccreditation 2Spherix Notified by United States Patent & Trademark Office of New Standard Essential Patent Issued to Spherix 2Spherix Notified by United States Patent & Trademark Office of New Standard Essential Patent Issued to Spherix 3Entry deadline is 10 October for international photonics Prism Awards 2Entry deadline is 10 October for international photonics Prism Awards 3Entry deadline is 10 October for international photonics Prism Awards 4
... a global chemistry-driven contract research organization, announced today that ... one of the leading CRO companies conducting high quality ... Prudentas will continue to operate separately under the business ... to the acquisition ChemDiv had worked with Prudentas, who ...
... Science, Scale and Talent Required to Meet Growing Demand , ... ... enable farmers to produce enough grain to meet the growing demand ... regulators and policymakers from around the globe take a more holistic ...
... Accreditation StandardsWASHINGTON, April 16 URAC ... announced today that Director of Pharmacy Programs Janice Anderson, ... 21st Annual Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy (AMCP) ... health care professionals dedicated solely to the issues of ...
Cached Biology Technology:ChemDiv Group Acquires Prudentas Through ChemRar High Tech Center 2ChemDiv Group Acquires Prudentas Through ChemRar High Tech Center 3DuPont Leader: Agriculture is Up to Global Productivity Challenge 2DuPont Leader: Agriculture is Up to Global Productivity Challenge 3DuPont Leader: Agriculture is Up to Global Productivity Challenge 4URAC Director of Pharmacy Programs to Speak at Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy Annual Meeting 2URAC Director of Pharmacy Programs to Speak at Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy Annual Meeting 3
Rabbit polyclonal to Shigella (HRP) ( Abpromise for all tested applications)....
... PhosphoPlus™ SAPK/JNK (Thr183/Tyr185) Antibody Kit ... (Thr183/Tyr185) Antibody, Catalog #9251, 200 ul ... 200 ul SAPK/JNK Cell Extracts, Catalog ... HRP-linked Antibody, Catalog #7074, 100 ul ...
Anti-gp120/160(SIV/mac239) Immunogen: gp120(SIV/mac239) protein (Genebank accession #M33262)...
Annexin V Binding Buffer, 10X Concentrate Buffer , 50 ml Consult technical datasheet for details....
Biology Products: