Navigation Links
Unraveling the threads: Simplest cotton genome offers clues for fiber improvements
Date:12/19/2012

From the stockings decorating mantles to the new outfits in display windows calling to shoppers, cotton is woven into the fabric of the holiday season. For bioenergy researchers, however, fiber composition matters more than color and texture as each cotton strand is composed of more than two dozen coils of cellulose, a target biomass for next-generation biofuels.

In the December 20, 2012 edition of Nature, an international consortium of researchers from 31 institutions including a team from the U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI) present a high-quality draft assembly of the simplest cotton (Gossypium raimondii) genome. Additionally, the team compared the genome from this ancestral species indigenous to the Americas to several other sets of cotton data contributed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). The results have allowed the researchers to trace the evolution of cotton over millions of years from wild varieties to the domesticated species that are now associated with textile production.

Growing, processing and manufacturing cotton is a major global industry. In the United States, more than 200,000 domestic jobs are related to cotton production and processing, with an aggregate influence of about $35 billion on the annual U.S. gross domestic product. The cotton fiber grown is valued at about $6 billion per year, with cottonseed oil and meal byproducts worth nearly another $1 billion. U.S. textile mills convert much of the cotton processed annually into apparel.

The cotton plants seen growing in typical fields in the U.S. are polyploids, hybrids of two types of cotton (cotton A and cotton D) with multiple copies of their genomes or chromosome sets. As one of the closest extant relatives of the tetraploid cotton genome (containing four sets of chromosomes), the diploid G. raimondii was selected for sequencing in part because it has a smaller genome and fewer repetitive elements th
'/>"/>

Contact: David Gilbert
degilbert@lbl.gov
DOE/Joint Genome Institute
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Lets get moving: Unraveling how locomotion starts
2. Unraveling biological networks
3. ORNL microscopy yields first proof of ferroelectricity in simplest amino acid
4. Texas cotton getting a genetic tune-up
5. Chinese scientists successfully crack the genome of diploid cotton
6. Ancient Egyptian cotton unveils secrets of domesticated crop evolution
7. CNIO researchers develop new databases for understanding the human genome
8. Whats in a genome?
9. Your Christmas tree and its genome have remained very much the same over the last 100 million years
10. Combining two genome analysis approaches supports immune system contribution to autism
11. Study finds prioritizing rather than canvassing entire plant genome may lead to improved crops
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/24/2014)... Scientists at The New York Stem Cell ... to creating a viable cell replacement therapy for ... , For the first time, NYSCF scientists generated ... samples of patients with primary progressive multiple sclerosis ... induce these stem cells into becoming oligodendrocytes, the ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... 24, 2014) Scientists at The New York ... step closer to creating a viable cell replacement ... cells. , For the first time, NYSCF ... from skin samples of patients with primary progressive ... protocol to induce these stem cells into becoming ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... identified two factors that characterize sustainable university and ... highly qualified physics teachers. Specifically, one or more ... education in combination with institutional motivation and commitment ... Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) teacher shortages are ... the way for institutions seeking to increase the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):NYSCF scientists one step closer to cell therapy for multiple sclerosis patients 2NYSCF scientists 1 step closer to cell therapy for multiple sclerosis patients 2Creating sustainable STEM teacher preparation programs 2
... 25, 2010 - A first-of-its-kind study of a Caspian ... current harvest rates are four to five times higher ... results, which will be published in an upcoming issue ... conservation strategies for beluga sturgeon should focus on reducing ...
... A study involving the world,s deadliest substance has yielded a ... to more efficient strategies against toxins that may be used ... stings, and even some important chronic diseases. A ... agents that seek out Botulinum toxin molecules and bind to ...
... as they evolved over hundreds of generations to infect bacteria. ... the viruses evolved at a quicker rate and generated greater ... adapt to the viral infection. The study shows, for ... Valen was correct in his ,Red Queen Hypothesis,. The ...
Cached Biology News:New research shows fishery management practices for beluga sturgeon must change 2New research shows fishery management practices for beluga sturgeon must change 3Novel antitoxin strategy developed using 'tagged binding agents' 2Novel antitoxin strategy developed using 'tagged binding agents' 3Scientists reveal driving force behind evolution 2
(Date:7/25/2014)... The Conferee Networking committee is pleased ... Networking. These two-hour sessions provide a unique networking opportunity ... problems, discuss new techniques, or brainstorm new ideas in ... topic for consideration is August 31, 2014, and instructions ... Networking committee will review the topics, and status notifications ...
(Date:7/25/2014)... July 25, 2014 At the request ... granted a 60-day extension for the public comment period ... Rule for Model Aircraft established by Congress as part ... The 60-day extension establishes the new deadline for comments ... Department of Transportation/FAA notice published in the Federal Register ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... Gain recognition for leadership and contribution ... biotech industry. Nominations are now being accepted for ... by the Bio Supply Management Alliance , ... professionals for the past 7 years. , Awards ... industry – Manufacturers, Service Providers, Material Suppliers, Technology ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... on sophisticated equipment, trained personnel, and detection dogs ... terrorist attacks. A revolutionary new electronic chip with ... job much easier. , The groundbreaking nanotechnology-inspired sensor, ... University ,s School of Chemistry and Center for ... company Tracense, picks up the scent of explosives ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Pittcon 2015 Announces Call for Topics for Conferee Networking Sessions 2FAA Grants Comment Extension at the Request of AMA 2Call for Submission: BSMA’s Supply Chain Management Innovation Awards 2Call for Submission: BSMA’s Supply Chain Management Innovation Awards 3Nano-sized chip 'sniffs out' explosives far better than trained dogs 2
... , THOROLD, ON , ... innovative privately held Canadian biotechnology company focusing primarily on ... purification, today announced the launch of 10 new kits ... from blood, plasma and serum, including circulating nucleic acids. ...
... , Collaboration will further evaluate novel stem cell-derived ... genes relevant to disease progression , CAMBRIDGE, Mass. ... California Stem Cell, Inc. (CSC) and ALS Therapy Development ... expansion of their collaboration aimed at advancing a potential stem ...
... SANTA ROSA, Calif. , Feb. 2 Just in ... introduces the newest in their scientifically formulated product line: CIRCUTOL™ Cardiovascular ... in 1995 by integrative medicine pioneer, Dr. Isaac Eliaz ... being at the forefront of the latest developments in natural alternative health ...
Cached Biology Technology:Norgen Biotek Launches 10 New Kits for the Isolation of High-Quality Circulating Nucleic Acids from Blood, Plasma and Serum 2California Stem Cell and ALS Therapy Development Institute Extend Their Collaboration to Advance Potential Stem Cell Assisted Therapy for ALS 2California Stem Cell and ALS Therapy Development Institute Extend Their Collaboration to Advance Potential Stem Cell Assisted Therapy for ALS 3California Stem Cell and ALS Therapy Development Institute Extend Their Collaboration to Advance Potential Stem Cell Assisted Therapy for ALS 4Just in Time for Heart Health Month... TRIPLE Cardiovascular Health Support From EcoNugenics 2Just in Time for Heart Health Month... TRIPLE Cardiovascular Health Support From EcoNugenics 3
... to the maintenance of appropriate levels ... important and diverse as those involved ... stress response, antigen presentation, modulation of ... cell cycle regulation, transcription, and signalling ...
... Proteolytic degradation is critical to the ... and regulatory proteins as important and ... metabolism, heat shock and stress response, ... receptors and ion channels, cell cycle ...
... Optics LIBS2000+ Spectrometers (sold separately) in the ... Chamber to offer numerous configuration options and ... include a high-power 1064 nm Nd:YAG laser, ... sample positioning, laser spot diameter control from ...
... Picking,A modified digital scanner serves as the ... the five standard rack positions on the ... micro well plates on the remaining two ... single spots by mouse-click on the scanned ...
Biology Products: